sinä

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Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsinæ/
  • Hyphenation: si‧nä

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *cinä, From Proto-Uralic *tinä.

Pronoun[edit]

sinä (stem sinu-)

  1. (personal) you (second person singular, familiar), (in archaic English) thou.
Declension[edit]
  • Irregular. The comitative and instructive forms do not exist; the abessive is hardly used.
  • In addition to the standard set of cases, sinä and the other personal pronouns have a specific accusative form, in this case sinut. This form would have been the nominative plural form of the first stem, if the word were not a personal pronoun.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Depending on the context, the pronoun can sometimes be omitted in written language if the text remains fluent – the pronoun is in spoken language practically always used, though in different (mentioned above) dialectal variants. (cf. the usage of te, “you” (pl.))
  • As in many other European languages, the second person plural te is used in formal contexts or when addressing an unfamiliar elderly person (see teititellä). However, this custom is not anymore as usual as elsewhere in Europe in everyday life – there is from time to time discussion whether this custom is inconvenient in modern society. However, a safe way to start conversation with an unfamiliar person, especially with an elderly person, is saying "te".
  • When addressing another person in writing, Sinä is often capitalized.
Synonyms[edit]
  • sa (archaic, poetic)
  • sie (dialectal)
  • (colloquial)
  • sää (dialectal)
Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

sinä

  1. (demonstrative) Essive singular form of se.

Anagrams[edit]


Karelian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *cinä, from Proto-Uralic *tinä.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: si‧nä
  • IPA(key): [ˈsinæ]

Pronoun[edit]

sinä

  1. (personal) you

Declension[edit]


Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *cinä, from Proto-Uralic *tinä.

Pronoun[edit]

sinä ‎(genitive sinun, partitive sindai)

  1. you (singular)

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of sinä
nominative sing. sinä
genitive sing. sinun
partitive sing. sindai
partitive plur. teid
singular plural
nominative sinä
accusative sinun
genitive sinun teiden
partitive sindai teid
essive-instructive
translative
inessive sinus teiš
elative sinuspäi teišpäi
illative sinuhu teihe
adessive sinai teil
ablative sinaipäi teilpäi
allative sinei teile
abessive sinuta teita
comitative sinunke teidenke
prolative
approximative I
approximative II
egressive
terminative I
terminative II
terminative III
additive I
additive II

References[edit]

  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007), “ты”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika