sinus

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See also: Sinus and sinüs

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sinus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

sinus (plural sinuses)

  1. (anatomy) A pouch or cavity in any organ or tissue, especially the paranasal sinus.
  2. (botany) A notch or depression between two lobes or teeth in the margin of an organ.
  3. (pathology) An abnormal cavity or passage such as a fistula, caused by the destruction of tissue.
  4. A bay of the sea; a recess in the shore.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sinus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sinus m (plural sinus)

  1. sine

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Czech[edit]

Noun[edit]

sinus m

  1. (trigonometry) sine

Related terms[edit]


Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

sinus c (singular definite sinussen, plural indefinite sinusser)

  1. (geometry) sine

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: si‧nus

Etymology 1[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nl

From Latin sinus.

Noun[edit]

sinus m (plural sinussen, diminutive sinusje n)

  1. (trigonometry) sine

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin sinus.

Noun[edit]

sinus m (plural sinussen, diminutive sinusje n)

  1. sinus

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unadapted borrowing from Latin sinus. Compare the inherited doublet sein.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sinus m (plural sinus)

  1. (anatomy) sinus
  2. (trigonometry) sine

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Of Proto-Indo-European [Term?] origin; akin to Albanian gji ‘breast, bosom’.[1]

The mathematical sense ‘chord of an arc, sine’ was introduced in the 12th century by Gherardo of Cremona as a semantic loan from Arabic جَيْب (jayb, chord, sine) (ultimately a loan from Sanskrit ज्या (jyā, bowstring)) by confusion with جَيْب (jayb, bosom, fold in a garment).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sinus m (genitive sinūs); fourth declension

  1. a hollow, cavity
  2. curve, fold, winding
  3. gulf, bay
  4. bosom
  5. fold of the toga over the breast, pocket, lap
  6. heart, secret feelings
  7. (Medieval, mathematics) chord of an arc, sine
Inflection[edit]

Fourth declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative sinus sinūs
genitive sinūs sinuum
dative sinuī sinibus
accusative sinum sinūs
ablative sinū sinibus
vocative sinus sinūs
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michiel de Vaan, Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the Other Italic Languages (Leiden: Brill, 2008), 567.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *sh₁ih₂sno-, deverbative of *seh₁y- ‘to sift, strain’ (compare Ancient Greek ἠθέω (ēthéō), Lithuanian sijóti, Serbo-Croatian sȉjati).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sīnus m (genitive sīnī); second declension

  1. a large bowl
Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative sīnus sīnī
genitive sīnī sīnōrum
dative sīnō sīnīs
accusative sīnum sīnōs
ablative sīnō sīnīs
vocative sīne sīnī
Alternative forms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Douglas Q. Adams, “Sieve”, in Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture, eds. J. P. Mallory & D. Q. Adams (London: Fitzroy Dearborn, 1997), 518.

Further reading[edit]

  • sinus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sinus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sinus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • sinus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the heart of the city: sinus urbis (Sall. Cat. 52. 35)
    • the city is situate on a bay: urbs in sinu sita est
    • to rejoice in secret: in sinu gaudere (Tusc. 3. 21. 51)
    • to love and make a bosom friend of a person: aliquem in sinu gestare (aliquis est in sinu alicuius) (Ter. Ad. 4. 5. 75)
    • (ambiguous) to be driven into the arms of philosophy: in sinum philosophiae compelli
  • sinus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sinus in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Northern Sami[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

sinus

  1. locative singular of sitnu

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sinus.

Noun[edit]

sinus m (definite singular sinusen, indefinite plural sinuser, definite plural sinusene)

  1. (trigonometry) sine
  2. (anatomy) sinus

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sinus.

Noun[edit]

sinus m (definite singular sinusen, indefinite plural sinusar, definite plural sinusane)

  1. (trigonometry) sine
  2. (anatomy) sinus

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sinus m inan

  1. sine

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French sinus

Noun[edit]

sinus n (plural sinusuri)

  1. sine (trigonometric function)

Veps[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

sinus

  1. inessive of sinä