pectus

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Latin pectus.

Noun[edit]

pectus ‎(plural pectora)

  1. (anatomy, zoology) The breast, especially of a bird.

Related terms[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *pektos, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *peg ‎(breast). Cognate with Old Irish ucht.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pectus n ‎(genitive pectoris); third declension

  1. chest, breast
  2. (figuratively) heart, breast, as the seat of emotion
  3. (figuratively) soul, spirit, mind, understanding
  4. person, individual (as a being of passion)

Inflection[edit]

Third declension neuter.

Case Singular Plural
nominative pectus pectora
genitive pectoris pectorum
dative pectorī pectoribus
accusative pectus pectora
ablative pectore pectoribus
vocative pectus pectora

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • pectus” in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879.
  • pectus” in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • the water is up to, is above, the chest: aqua pectus aequat, superat
    • to take a thing to heart: demittere aliquid in pectus or in pectus animumque suum
    • what he said made a deep impression on..: hoc verbum alte descendit in pectus alicuius
    • to love some one very dearly, with all one's heart: aliquem toto pectore, ut dicitur, amare (Leg. 18. 49)
    • to inspire with religious feeling, with the fear of God: imbuere (vid. sect. VII. 7, note imbuere...) pectora religione
    • to plunge one's sword in some one's breast: gladium alicui in pectus infigere
    • to transfix, pierce a man's breast with one's sword: gladio aliquem per pectus transfigere (Liv. 2. 46)
  • pectus” in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill