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From Proto-Indo-European *peḱ- (to pluck). Cognates include Ancient Greek πέκω (pékō, comb or card wool).



pectō (present infinitive pectere, perfect active pexī, supine pexum); third conjugation

  1. I comb.
  2. (of wool) I card, heckle, comb.
  3. (by extension) I hoe, weed.
  4. (figuratively) I give someone a thrashing, thrash.


   Conjugation of pectō (third conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pectō pectis pectit pectimus pectitis pectunt
imperfect pectēbam pectēbās pectēbat pectēbāmus pectēbātis pectēbant
future pectam pectēs pectet pectēmus pectētis pectent
perfect pexī pexistī pexit peximus pexistis pexērunt, pexēre
pluperfect pexeram pexerās pexerat pexerāmus pexerātis pexerant
future perfect pexerō pexeris pexerit pexerimus pexeritis pexerint
passive present pector pecteris, pectere pectitur pectimur pectiminī pectuntur
imperfect pectēbar pectēbāris, pectēbāre pectēbātur pectēbāmur pectēbāminī pectēbantur
future pectar pectēris, pectēre pectētur pectēmur pectēminī pectentur
perfect pexus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect pexus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect pexus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pectam pectās pectat pectāmus pectātis pectant
imperfect pecterem pecterēs pecteret pecterēmus pecterētis pecterent
perfect pexerim pexerīs pexerit pexerīmus pexerītis pexerint
pluperfect pexissem pexissēs pexisset pexissēmus pexissētis pexissent
passive present pectar pectāris, pectāre pectātur pectāmur pectāminī pectantur
imperfect pecterer pecterēris, pecterēre pecterētur pecterēmur pecterēminī pecterentur
perfect pexus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect pexus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present pecte pectite
future pectitō pectitō pectitōte pectuntō
passive present pectere pectiminī
future pectitor pectitor pectuntor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives pectere pexisse pexūrum esse pectī pexum esse pexum īrī
participles pectēns pexūrus pexus pectendus, pectundus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
pectendī pectendō pectendum pectendō pexum pexū

The third and fourth principal parts, pexī and pexum, can be written as pexuī and pectitum, respectively, and hence all of their verb forms as such.

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