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Dialectal variant of sinä; see it and its etymon, Proto-Finnic *cinä, for more.


  • IPA(key): /ˈsæ/, [ˈs̠æ]
  • Rhymes:
  • Syllabification:


  1. (personal, colloquial) you, ya (second person singular personal pronoun)
  • Irregular: the comitative, instructive and abessive cases are not used, the table shows an expression which means the same.
  • In addition to the standard set of cases, as well as sinä and other personal pronouns have a specific accusative form, sut.





From Proto-Finnic *sää.


  1. weather


Inflection of
nominative sing.
genitive sing. sän
partitive sing. säd
partitive plur.
singular plural
accusative sän
genitive sän
partitive säd
essive-instructive sän
translative säks
inessive säs
elative säspäi
illative ?
adessive säl
ablative sälpäi
allative säle
abessive säta
comitative sänke
prolative sädme
approximative I sänno
approximative II sännoks
egressive sännopäi
terminative I ?
terminative II sälesai
terminative III sässai
additive I ?
additive II sälepäi

Derived terms[edit]


  • Zajceva, N. G.; Mullonen, M. I. (2007) , “погода”, in Uz’ venä-vepsläine vajehnik / Novyj russko-vepsskij slovarʹ [New Russian–Veps Dictionary], Petrozavodsk: Periodika


Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Norse svá, from Proto-Germanic *swa, *swē, from Proto-Indo-European *swé and Proto-Indo-European *se. Cognate with Old English swā (English so), Old Frisian sa, Old Saxon , Dutch zo, Old High German (German so), Swedish , Danish , Gothic 𐍃𐍅𐌰 (swa), Latin si (from an earlier form suad), Oscan 𐌔𐌅𐌀𐌝 (svaí), Umbrian sve, Greek ὡς (hōs) (earlier *ϝος).


  • IPA(key): /sə/, [sɛ], [sʊ], [sœ] (example of pronunciation)
  • (stressed) IPA(key): /səː/, [seː], [sɛː], [sʊː], [sœː]


  1. So, in this way, in that way.
    Ommä jär ä int !
    Indeed, it is not so!
    hódt hä jär hell
    whether it is like that or otherwise
  2. So that.
    Han räddä fógeln ’n flaug sän väj
    The scared the bird, so that it flew away.
  3. That, as.
  4. Very.
    Ji håll hä jär int felt.
    I assume it is not very bad.
  5. (with implied adverb, with definite noun) A large amount of.
    he va snjön
    there was so much snow, very snowy
  6. (conjunctive) Then, in that case, if so.
    Om ä sä bärs dill att du träff’n, be’n hels óppå mäg
    If you happen to meet him, then ask him to visit me.


  1. So.
  2. Used to continue a sentence after a short pause.
    Einkä gruta ji att, mistä ji.
    The only little bit I had, I lost.
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]


  1. Alternative form of seg