忍者

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Chinese[edit]

to bear; to endure; to tolerate ‑ist, ‑er (person); person (who does sth)
simp. and trad.
(忍者)
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忍者

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

忍者

  1. (historical, Japan) a covert agent or mercenary in feudal Japan
  2. a person trained primarily in stealth, espionage, assassination

Japanese[edit]

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 忍者 on Japanese Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
にん
Grade: S
しゃ > じゃ
Grade: 3
on’yomi

Etymology[edit]

(Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)Possibly from Middle Chinese *njìn-cjià /*ɳiɪnt͡ɕia/.

The most consistent term in the historical record appears to be 忍び (shinobi, sneaking, hiding), the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 忍ぶ (shinobu, to endure, to bear; to hide, to conceal oneself; to sneak into or out of a place). This in turn was extended into 忍びの者 (shinobi no mono, sneaking person, person of sneaking).[1][2]

The term ninja may have arisen as a shift in reading of the kun'yomi phrase 忍びの者 (shinobi no mono), applying the on'yomi to create a kanji-compound term. This ninja reading became more common in Japanese after World War Two due to a number of popular manga series.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

忍者 (hiragana にんじゃ, rōmaji ninja)

  1. a ninja (person trained in stealth, espionage, assassination and ninjutsu)
    • 2011 April 9, Sorachi, Hideaki, “だい三百三十七くん だいじょぶだ〰 [Lesson 337: It’s Gonna Be Okay〰]”, in ぎんたま [Silver Soul], volume 39 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Shueisha, ISBN 978-4-08-870208-7:
      いやぁ このデリケートな () ()によくやるな お (まえ) あの (ざっ) (しょく) (せい) (ひと) (ばん)であれだけの (かず)をさばくタフさ そして (なに)よりその (はや)さ……お (まえ)  (にん) (じゃ)にならねーか?
      Iyā kono derikēto na jiki ni yoku yaru na omae Ano zasshokusei hitoban de are dake no kazu o sabaku tafusa soshite nani yori sono hayasa…… Omae ninja ni nara nē ka?
      But you did really well in such a delicate situation. That toughness to omnivorously handle so many in one night, and that speed above all…… You wanna be a ninja?
       (にん) (じゃ)にそんなす (ばや)さいらねーだろ‼
      Ninja ni sonna subayasa ira nē daro‼
      Ninja don’t need that kinda speed‼

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  4. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0