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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 162 +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 卜口山金 (YRUC), four-corner 37308)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1265, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 39127
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1761, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3886, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9078

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (16)
Final: (78)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: xuǎn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/siuᴇnX/ /sʷiɛnX/ /sjuænX/ /swianX/ /siuɛnX/ /sĭwɛnX/ /si̯wɛnX/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (16)
Final: (78)
Tone: Departing (H)

Openness: Closed
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: xuàn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/siuᴇnH/ /sʷiɛnH/ /sjuænH/ /swianH/ /siuɛnH/ /sĭwɛnH/ /si̯wɛnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xuǎn ‹ sjwenX › /*[s]o[n]ʔ/ choose; count
xuǎn ‹ sjwenX › /*[s]o[r]ʔ/ count (v.)
xuàn ‹ sjwenH › /*[s]o[n]ʔ-s/ even, orderly

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14157 3 /*sqʰonʔ/
14158 3 /*sqʰons/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to choose; to pick; to select
  2. to elect
  3. election

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of ("to choose")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing 選擇
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Min Nan Xiamen

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

Kanji in this term
せん
Grade: 4
on'yomi

‎(hiragana せん, romaji sen)

  1. selection
  2. choice
  3. choosing

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(seon) (hangeul , revised seon, McCune-Reischauer sŏn, Yale sen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tuyển)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.