က

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See also: ကို, ကဲ့, , and က္

က U+1000, က
MYANMAR LETTER KA
[unassigned: U+0FDB–U+0FFF]

[U+0FDA]
Myanmar
[U+1001]

Burmese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Phonetic respellings: က,
  • IPA(key): /ka̰/, /ɡa̰/
  • Romanization: MLCTS: ka. • ALA-LC: ka • BGN/PCGN: ka./ga. • Okell: ká/ká
  • (file)

Usage notes[edit]

  • The voiced pronunciation /ɡa̰/ occurs in the conjunction, particle, and postposition only, and only after a vowel or /ɴ/.
  • When followed by and , forms digraphs ကျ and ကြ, pronounced /t͡ɕ/ (in unvoiced positions) or /d͡ʑ/ when voiced.

Etymology 1[edit]

Letter[edit]

က (ka.)

  1. Ka, the first letter of the Burmese alphabet, called ကကြီး (ka.kri:) in Burmese.

Etymology 2[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

က (ka.)

  1. if
    မိုးရွာကmui:rwaka.if it rains
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Compare Korean (-ga, subject marker).

Particle[edit]

က (ka.)

  1. indicates the subject of the sentence, a topic marker
    သူက ဒီလို ပြောခဲ့တယ်
    suka. dilui prau:hkai.tai
    He said like this.

Etymology 4[edit]

Postposition[edit]

က (ka.)

  1. in, on (in reference to a point in time in the past)
    ပြီးခဲ့တဲ့နှစ်ကpri:hkai.tai.hnacka.(in the) last year
  2. from (in reference to a place)
    တောင်ဘက်ကtaungbhakka.from the south
    ရန်ကုန်ကrankunka.from Rangoon

Etymology 5[edit]

Cognate with Chinese (, to sing) and Tibetan གར (gar, to dance).

Verb[edit]

က (ka.)

Burmese word set
Verb က (ka.)
Nounအက (a.ka.)
  1. to dance
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Borrowed from Mon က.

Noun[edit]

က (ka.)

  1. (only used in compounds) fish

References[edit]

Mon[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

An instance of Translingual က, ultimately descending from Brahmi 𑀓.

Letter[edit]

က (ka)

  1. Ka, the first consonant of the Mon alphabet.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Mon-Khmer *kaʔ (fish).

Noun[edit]

က (ka)

  1. fish[1][2]
    ကအရံၚ် (kaʼaraṃṅ)

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

က (ka)

  1. howdah harness saddle.
  2. fulcrum, short prop[2]

Etymology 4[edit]

Verb[edit]

က (ka)

  1. to be lacking.
  2. to fail.
    ရုံဟွံကပဵုသှာတ်အာဣရ။
    ruṃhwaṃkapeushātʼāʼira.
    There is enough and to spare.
    သြန်မသုန်စှော်ဟွံက
    sranmasunchokhwaṃka.
    There is fifty rupees and more.

Etymology 5[edit]

Verb[edit]

က (transliteration needed)

  1. to harness a horse or any draught animal.

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Can we verify(+) this quotation?)พวน รามัญวงศ์ [Phuan Ramanyawong] (2005) พจนานุกรมมอญ-ไทย ฉบับมอญสยาม [Mon-Thai (Siamese) Dictionary], กรุงเทพฯ [Bangkok]: มติชน [Matichon], →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 R. Halliday (1922) A Mon-English Dictionary[1], Bangkok: Siam Society, page 28

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

က m

  1. Burmese script form of ka (who (m.))

Declension[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

က n

  1. Burmese script form of ka (what)

Declension[edit]