From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: क़

U+0915, क
DEVANAGARI LETTER KA

[U+0914]
Devanagari
[U+0916]

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order.

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

(ka)

  1. The Devanagari script’s unvoiced, unaspirated guttural consonant; k /k/

See also[edit]

This letter creates several irregular ligatures.

Dhivehi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

(ka)

  1. The eighth consonant in Dhivehi, written in Devanagari

Hindi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /kə/, [kɐ]

Letter[edit]

(ka)

  1. the first consonant in Hindi

See also[edit]

Marathi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kə/
  • (file)

Letter[edit]

(ka)

  1. The first consonant in Marathi.

Nepali[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

(ka)

  1. The first consonant in Nepali.

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

 m

  1. Devanagari script form of ka (who (m.))
    • c. 500 AD, Kaccāyana, Pālivyākaraṇaṃ [Pali Grammar]‎[1], page 2; republished as Satish Chandra Acharyya Vidyabhusana, editor, Kaccayana's Pali Grammar (edited in Devanagari character and translated into English), Calcutta, Bengal: Mahabodhi Society, 1901:
      अक्खर इच्‍चनेन क्वत्‍थो? अत्थो अक्खर-सञ्ञातो
      Akkhara iccanena kvattho? Attho akkhara-saññāto.
      What is the meaning of this, viz. a 'letter'? The meaning comes from being skilled in letters.

Declension[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

 n

  1. Devanagari script form of ka (what)

Declension[edit]

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *kás, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kás, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷós. Cognate with Avestan𐬐𐬀(ka), Ancient Greek ποῖος (poîos), Latin quis, Old English hwā (whence English who).

Pronoun[edit]

()

  1. interrogative pronoun; who, what, which
    सः कः?saḥ kaḥ?Who is he?
    एषः कः?eṣaḥ kaḥ?What is this?
Usage notes[edit]

Sentences beginning with (ka) are often terminated with इति (iti).

Declension[edit]

See किम् (kim).

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

(ka) stemm

  1. a name
    1. name of (a) प्रजापति (prajāpati)
    2. name of ब्रह्मन् (brahman)
    3. name of दक्ष (dakṣa)
    4. name of विष्णु (viṣṇu)
    5. name of यम (yama)
    6. name of गरुड (garuḍa)
  2. the soul
  3. a particular comet
  4. the sun
  5. fire
  6. splendor, light
  7. air
  8. a peacock
  9. the body
  10. time
  11. wealth
  12. sound
  13. a king
  14. Synonym of काम-ग्रन्थि (kāma-granthi)?

Etymology 3[edit]

From कम् (kam, to wish, desire, love).

Noun[edit]

(ka) stemn

  1. happiness, joy, pleasure
  2. water
  3. the head
  4. hair, a head of hair

References[edit]

  • Monier Williams (1899), “”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, →OCLC, page 247/2.
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[2] (in German), volume 1, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, pages 284-285