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Devanagari ri.svg
U+090B, ऋ
DEVANAGARI LETTER VOCALIC R

[U+090A]
Devanagari
[U+090C]

Translingual[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

(ṛ)

  1. Traditionally classified as a vowel of the Devanagari script. Its matra, used to modify the inherent vowel in a consonant, is written ृ. For example the first consonant क with the matra looks like: कृ. It is only used in words of Sanskrit derivation. Transliterated as IAST: or ITRANS: RRi or R^i.

Hindi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

(ŕ)

  1. The seventh vowel in Hindi.

See also[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Root[edit]

()

I. 1 P. [ऋच्छति, आर, आर्षीत्, अरिष्यति, ऋत; caus. अर्पयति; desid. अरिरिषति; अरार्यते reduplicative (अत्यर्थमृच्छति) cf. किमभीरुररार्यसे Bk.4.21.]

  1. To go, move; अम्भच्छा- यामच्छामृच्छति Śi.4.44. यथाश्मानमृत्वा लोष्ठो विध्वंसेत Bṛi. Up.1.3.7.
  2. To rise, tend towards.

II. 3 P. (इयर्ति, आरत्, ऋत Mostly used in the Veda.)

  1. To go.
  2. To move, shake.
  3. To obtain, gain, acquire, reach, meet with.
  4. To move, excite, raise (as voice, words &c.) वाचमियर्ति.
  5. To display.

III. 5 P. (ऋणोति, ऋण)

  1. To injure, hurt.
  2. To attack. -Caus. (अर्पयति, आर्पिपत्, अर्पित)
  3. To throw, cast, fling; fix or implant in; हृदि शल्यमर्पितम् R.8.87.
  4. To put or place on, fix upon, direct or cast towards (as the eye &c.); वामत्रकोष्ठार्पितहेमवेत्रः Ku.3.41; Ś.6.5,17,3.26; R.17. 79; Ś.6.8; Bk.5.9; Ku.6.11; R.15.77; Bg.8.7, 12.14; करपल्लवार्पित Śi.9.54.
  5. To place in, insert, give, set or place; अपथे पदमर्पयन्ति हि R.9.74,78; चित्रार्पिताम् Ś.6.15 drawn in a picture; R.2.31; द्वारदेशे Amaru. 62; V.4.35; Mu.7.6; Bh.3.18; लोकोत्तरं चरितमर्पयति प्रतिष्ठाम् R. G.
  6. To hand or make over; give to, give in charge of, consign, deliver; इति सूतस्याभरणान्यर्पयति Ś.1,4. 19; Bk.8.118; Y.2.65.
  7. To give up, sacrifice (as the inherent sense); अत्र कलिङ्गगङ्गाशब्दौ आत्मानमर्पयतः S. D.2.
  8. To give back, restore; अर्पितप्रकृतिकान्तिभिर्मुखैः R.19.1; Bk.15.16; Amaru.94; Ms.8.191; Y.2. 169.
  9. To pierce through, perforate, penetrate.