ἔρχομαι

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See also: έρχομαι

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₁ergʰ- (to move, go), cognate with ὀρχέομαι (orkhéomai), Albanian erdha (I came), and Old Irish regaid (will go, future of téit). This is a suppletive verb, with tenses derived from three different roots; see εἶμι (eîmi) and ἦλθον (êlthon) for the etymologies of the other two roots. Discussion of stems, at Notes.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Verb[edit]

ἔρχομαι (érkhomai)

  1. (intransitive) I come, go

Usage notes[edit]

ἔρχομαι is a suppletive verb that typically uses forms from other roots for all tenses and moods besides present indicative. Stems:

  • ἐρχ- of ἔρχομαι, initially ἐρθ-σκομαι.
  • strong εἰ-, weak - supplied by εἶμι (eîmi) forming present non-indicative and imperfect indicative forms. Its present indicative forms have future meaning in Attic prose.
  • strong ἐλευθ-, weak ἐλυθ- with syncope ἐλθ- of unused verb *ἐλεύθω.
    • from ἐλευθ- the future ἐλεύσομαι (eleúsomai) (alternative future for Epic, Ionic, and Tragic), the derivative ἔλευσις (éleusis, arrival)
    • from ἐλυθ- the present perfect with attic reduplication ἐλ-έλυθα>ἐλ-ήλυθα (reduplication plus extension of the first vowel).
    • ἐλθ- supplies aorist ἦλθον (êlthon)

Past perfect without augment.
The aorist imperative has irregular accent on ultima when not in compound ἐλθέ (elthé) and not **ἔλθε. But ἄπελθε. (Along with a few others (λαβέ (labé), ἰδέ (idé), εὑρέ (heuré), εἰπέ (eipé)).

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]