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Devanagari aa.svg
U+0906, आ
DEVANAGARI LETTER AA

[U+0905]
Devanagari
[U+0907]

Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Gupta letter Gupta allahabad aa.svg (ā).

Letter[edit]

(ā)

  1. The second letter and vowel of the Devanagari script.

Usage notes[edit]

Its matra, used to modify the inherent vowel in a consonant, is written ा. For example, the first consonant क with the matra looks like: का.


Bhojpuri[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

(ā) (Kaithi 𑂄)

  1. and

Hindi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /aː/, /a/, /ɑː/, [äː]
  • The first three transcriptions are very common, but the fourth is the true phonetic value.
  • (file)

Letter[edit]

(ā)

  1. the second vowel of Hindi

See also[edit]


Marathi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

(ā)

  1. The second vowel in Marathi

Nepali[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /a/, [ä]
  • While the first transcription is very common, the second is the true phonetic value.

Letter[edit]

(ā)

  1. The second vowel in Nepali.

Old Gujarati[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

(ā)

  1. he, this

Determiner[edit]

(ā)

  1. this

Descendants[edit]

  • Gujarati: (ā)

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative forms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

(ā́)

  1. (Vedic) separated form of आ- (ā-)

Postposition[edit]

(ā́)

  1. With senses determined by the accusative case:
    1. (+ accusative) near to, towards, to
    2. (+ accusative) for
  2. With senses determined by the ablative case:
    1. (+ ablative) from
    2. (+ ablative) out of, from among
  3. (+locative) in, at, on

Preposition[edit]

(ā́)

  1. (+ accusative) up to ... exclusively
  2. With senses determined by the ablative case
    1. (+ ablative) up to, to, as far as
      • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda
      • c. 1200 BCE – 1000 BCE, Atharvaveda
      • 900-1100 AD; copied later, “A problematic inscription (K.1237)”, in Udaya: Journal of Khmer Studies[1], volume 14 (PDF), Yosothor, published 2019, halshs-02168837, page 10:
        វិមទ*យន្តិយេភូមី*
        ទាសាន្ទេវស្យបាបី*នះ
        តេសវ្វ៌នរកេយាន្តុ
        យាតនាមាភវក្ឞយាត៑ ៕
        * Read ទ, មី and បី as ទ៌, មិ and បិ.
        vimardayanti ye bhūmi
        dāsāndevasya pāpinaḥ
        te sarvvanarake yāntu
        yātanām ā bhavakṣayāt· ॥
        May the evil ones who disturb the land and servants of the god undergo torment in every hell until the end of existence.
    2. (+ ablative) from

Sherpa[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

(ā)

  1. Used to represent the [ɑ~ʌ] sound in Sherpa. [2]