From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search



  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ɑː.nɑː/, [äː.näː]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀆𑀯𑁂𑀤𑀺 (āvedi), from Sanskrit आपयति (āpáyati, cause to reach), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *Hāpáyati, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hāpáyati, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁op-éye-ti. Cognate with Punjabi ਆਉਣਾ (āuṇā), Gujarati આવવું (āvavũ), Mewari आणो (āṇo), and Nepali आउनु (āunu).[1]

The perfective form आया (āyā) is from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀆𑀕𑀤 (āgada) + Middle Indo-Aryan -𑀓- (-ka-), from Sanskrit आगत (āgata), making it a doublet of आगत (āgat). The originally-suppletive verb appears regular in Modern Hindi due to lenition.[2]


आना (ānā) (Urdu spelling آنا)

  1. to come, approach, arrive, reach (a place or point)
    मैं अभी आता हूँma͠i abhī ātā hū̃.I'll come right now.
    Antonym: जाना (jānā)
  2. to enter, appear
  3. (of a skill, such as a language) to be acquired or known [+dative by]; to be fluent
    मुझे (थोड़ी) हिंदी आती हैmujhe (thoṛī) hindī ātī hai.I know (a little) Hindi. (literally, “Hindi comes to me.”)
  4. to be perceived or felt [+dative by]
    मुझे ख़्याल आयाmujhe xyāl āyā.The thought struck me
  5. to come to pass, befall
  6. to grow (of crops, fruit), develop, come into vogue (of a word or usage), be inflamed (of a boil)
  7. to take on a form or guise
    बड़ा आया दफ़्तर में काम करनेवालाbaṛā āyā daftar mẽ kām karnevālā(please add an English translation of this usage example)
  8. to rise, overflow
  9. to sit well [+में on], fit
  10. to beseem, grace
  11. to be intent [+पर on]
  12. to issue, be voided
  13. to be completed, perfected (of a dish, work, etc)
  14. to be contained, held [+में inanimate]
    1. (figurative) to be taken in or deceived by
  15. to be obtained, purchased [+में or dative/को for a price]
  16. auxiliary verb: gives a sense of perfective aspect (completed action) but also the doer returns after doing the action
    कर आनाkar ānāto do (and return)
Derived terms[edit]


आना (ānām

  1. coming, arrival
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inherited from Sanskrit अन्न (anna).


आना (ānām (Urdu spelling آنا)

  1. an anna (116 of an Indian rupee)
  2. (by extension) one sixteenth of any item


  1. ^ Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985) “āpayati”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press
  2. ^ Oberlies, Thomas (2005) A Historical Grammar of Hindi, Grazer Vergleichende Arbeiten, →ISBN, page 36