काम

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Hindi[edit]

काम
Hindi Wikipedia has an article on:
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Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /kɑːm/, [kä̃ːm]

Etymology 1[edit]

Inherited from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀓𑀫𑁆𑀫 (kamma), from Sanskrit कर्मन् (kárman). Doublet of कर्म (karm). Cognate with Punjabi ਕੱਮ (kamma), Assamese কাম (kam).

Noun[edit]

काम (kāmm (Urdu spelling کام)

  1. work, task, labour
    Synonym: क्रिया (kriyā)
    मैं कारख़ाने में काम करता हूँ।
    ma͠i kārxāne mẽ kām kartā hū̃.
    I work at a factory.
  2. job, employment
    Synonyms: नौकरी (naukrī), रोज़गार (rozgār)
    आजकल मैं काम की तलाश कर रहा हूँ।
    ājkal ma͠i kām kī talāś kar rahā hū̃.
    These days I am looking for a job.
  3. function, purpose
    यह बक्सा मेज़ का काम देगा।
    yah baksā mez kā kām degā.
    This box will serve the function of a table.
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit काम (kāma), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kā́ma.

Noun[edit]

काम (kāmm (Urdu spelling کام)

  1. lust, sexual passion, desire
  2. (Hinduism) the god of love
    Synonym: कामदेव (kāmdev)
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Konkani[edit]

Noun[edit]

काम (kāmn (Latin script ?, Kannada script ?)

  1. work, task
  2. job

Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Marathi 𑘎𑘰𑘦 (kāma), from Maharastri Prakrit 𑀓𑀫𑁆𑀫 (kamma), from Sanskrit कर्मन् (kárman), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *kárma, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kárma, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷer- (to do, make). Doublet of कर्म (karma).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

काम (kāmn

  1. work, task
  2. job, occupation
  3. function, purpose

Declension[edit]

Declension of काम (neut cons-stem)
direct
singular
काम
kām
direct
plural
कामे, कामं
kāme, kāma
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
nominative
प्रथमा
काम
kām
कामे, कामं
kāme, kāma
oblique
सामान्यरूप
कामा
kāmā
कामां-
kāmān-
acc. / dative
द्वितीया / चतुर्थी
कामाला
kāmālā
कामांना
kāmānnā
ergative कामाने, कामानं
kāmāne, kāmāna
कामांनी
kāmānnī
instrumental कामाशी
kāmāśī
कामांशी
kāmānśī
locative
सप्तमी
कामात
kāmāt
कामांत
kāmāt
vocative
संबोधन
कामा
kāmā
कामांनो
kāmānno
Oblique Note: The oblique case precedes all postpositions.
There is no space between the stem and the postposition.
Locative Note: -त (-ta) is a postposition.
Genitive declension of काम (neut cons-stem)
masculine object
पुल्लिंगी कर्म
feminine object
स्त्रीलिंगी कर्म
neuter object
नपुसकलिंगी कर्म
oblique
सामान्यरूप
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular*
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular subject
एकवचनी कर्ता
कामाचा
kāmāċā
कामाचे
kāmāċe
कामाची
kāmācī
कामाच्या
kāmācā
कामाचे, कामाचं
kāmāċe, kāmāċa
कामाची
kāmācī
कामाच्या
kāmācā
plural subject
अनेकवचनी कर्ता
कामांचा
kāmānċā
कामांचे
kāmānċe
कामांची
kāmāñcī
कामांच्या
kāmāncā
कामांचे, कामांचं
kāmānċe, kāmānċa
कामांची
kāmāñcī
कामांच्या
kāmāñcā
* Note: Word-final (e) in neuter words is alternatively written with the anusvara and pronounced as (a).
Oblique Note: For most postpostions, the oblique genitive can be optionally inserted between the stem and the postposition.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Berntsen, Maxine, “काम”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies, 1982-1983.
  • Molesworth, James Thomas (1857), “काम”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press
  • दाते, यशवंत रामकृष्ण [Date, Yashwant Ramkrishna] (1932-1950), “काम”, in महाराष्ट्र शब्दकोश (mahārāṣṭra śabdakoś) (in Marathi), पुणे [Pune]: महाराष्ट्र कोशमंडळ (mahārāṣṭra kośmaṇḍaḷ).
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “kárman”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press

Nepali[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sanskrit कर्मन् (karman).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

काम (kām)

  1. work, act
  2. job, occupation
  3. lust, sexual passion, desire

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

काम m

  1. Devanagari script form of kāma (lust)

Declension[edit]

Sanskrit[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *káHmas (desire), from Proto-Indo-European *kóh₂-mo-s, from *keh₂- (to desire, wish). Cognate to Avestan 𐬐𐬁𐬨𐬀 (kāma, desire), Persian کام (kâm, desire). Wider cognates include Latin cārus, whence French cher and English charity, and English whore.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

काम (kā́ma) stemm

  1. wish, desire, longing
  2. love, affection, object of desire or of love or of pleasure
  3. pleasure, enjoyment
  4. love, especially sexual love or sensuality
  5. Love or Desire personified

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of काम (kā́ma)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative कामः
kā́maḥ
कामौ / कामा¹
kā́mau / kā́mā¹
कामाः / कामासः¹
kā́māḥ / kā́māsaḥ¹
Vocative काम
kā́ma
कामौ / कामा¹
kā́mau / kā́mā¹
कामाः / कामासः¹
kā́māḥ / kā́māsaḥ¹
Accusative कामम्
kā́mam
कामौ / कामा¹
kā́mau / kā́mā¹
कामान्
kā́mān
Instrumental कामेन
kā́mena
कामाभ्याम्
kā́mābhyām
कामैः / कामेभिः¹
kā́maiḥ / kā́mebhiḥ¹
Dative कामाय
kā́māya
कामाभ्याम्
kā́mābhyām
कामेभ्यः
kā́mebhyaḥ
Ablative कामात्
kā́māt
कामाभ्याम्
kā́mābhyām
कामेभ्यः
kā́mebhyaḥ
Genitive कामस्य
kā́masya
कामयोः
kā́mayoḥ
कामानाम्
kā́mānām
Locative कामे
kā́me
कामयोः
kā́mayoḥ
कामेषु
kā́meṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

काम (kāma) stemm

  1. (Hinduism) Kamadeva, the god of love

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of काम (kāma)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative कामः
kāmaḥ
कामौ / कामा¹
kāmau / kāmā¹
कामाः / कामासः¹
kāmāḥ / kāmāsaḥ¹
Vocative काम
kāma
कामौ / कामा¹
kāmau / kāmā¹
कामाः / कामासः¹
kāmāḥ / kāmāsaḥ¹
Accusative कामम्
kāmam
कामौ / कामा¹
kāmau / kāmā¹
कामान्
kāmān
Instrumental कामेन
kāmena
कामाभ्याम्
kāmābhyām
कामैः / कामेभिः¹
kāmaiḥ / kāmebhiḥ¹
Dative कामाय
kāmāya
कामाभ्याम्
kāmābhyām
कामेभ्यः
kāmebhyaḥ
Ablative कामात्
kāmāt
कामाभ्याम्
kāmābhyām
कामेभ्यः
kāmebhyaḥ
Genitive कामस्य
kāmasya
कामयोः
kāmayoḥ
कामानाम्
kāmānām
Locative कामे
kāme
कामयोः
kāmayoḥ
कामेषु
kāmeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

References[edit]

4=sa-utilities/translit/Deva-to-HK Please see Module:checkparams for help with this warning.kāma&lang=de काम”, in Walter Slaje, Jürgen Hanneder, Paul Molitor, Jörg Ritter, editors, Nachtragswörterbuch des Sanskrit [Dictionary of Sanskrit with supplements] (in German), Halle-Wittenberg: Martin-Luther-Universität, published 2016