काम

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Hindi[edit]

काम
Hindi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hi

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀓𑀫𑁆𑀫 (kamma), from Sanskrit कर्मन् (kárman). Doublet of कर्म (karma).

Cognate with Punjabi ਕੱਮ (kamma), Assamese কাম (kam).

Noun[edit]

काम (kāmm (Urdu spelling کام)

  1. work, task, labour
    मैं कारख़ाने में काम करता हूँ।
    ma͠i kārxāne mẽ kām kartā hū̃.
    I work at a factory.
    Synonyms: क्रिया (kriyā)
  2. job, employment
    आजकल मैं काम की तलाश कर रहा हूँ।
    ājkal ma͠i kām kī talāś kar rahā hū̃.
    These days I am looking for a job.
    Synonyms: नौकरी (naukrī), रोज़गार (rozgār)
  3. function, purpose
    यह बक्सा मेज़ का काम देगा
    yah baksā mez kā kām degā
    This box will serve the function of a table.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit काम (kāma), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kā́ma.

Noun[edit]

काम (kāmm (Urdu spelling کام)

  1. lust, sexual passion, desire
  2. (Hinduism) the god of love
    Synonyms: कामदेव (kāmdev)

References[edit]

  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993), “काम”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “kárman (2892)”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press
  • Platts, John T. (1884), “काम”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.

Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Sanskrit कर्म (karma), कर्मन् (karman).

Noun[edit]

काम (kāmn

  1. work, task
  2. job, occupation

References[edit]

  • Maxine Berntsen (1982-1983), “काम”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies
  • James Thomas Molesworth (1857), “काम”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “kárman (2892)”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press

Nepali[edit]

Noun[edit]

काम (kām)

  1. work, act
  2. job, occupation

Sanskrit[edit]

Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *káHmas, from Proto-Indo-European *kóh₂-mo-s, from *keh₂-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

काम (kā́mam

  1. wish, desire, longing
  2. love, affection, object of desire or of love or of pleasure
  3. pleasure, enjoyment
  4. love, especially sexual love or sensuality
  5. Love or Desire personified

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of काम
Nom. sg. कामः (kāmaḥ)
Gen. sg. कामस्य (kāmasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative कामः (kāmaḥ) कामौ (kāmau) कामाः (kāmāḥ)
Vocative काम (kāma) कामौ (kāmau) कामाः (kāmāḥ)
Accusative कामम् (kāmam) कामौ (kāmau) कामान् (kāmān)
Instrumental कामेन (kāmena) कामाभ्याम् (kāmābhyām) कामैः (kāmaiḥ)
Dative कामाय (kāmāya) कामाभ्याम् (kāmābhyām) कामेभ्यः (kāmebhyaḥ)
Ablative कामात् (kāmāt) कामाभ्याम् (kāmābhyām) कामेभ्यः (kāmebhyaḥ)
Genitive कामस्य (kāmasya) कामयोः (kāmayoḥ) कामानाम् (kāmānām)
Locative कामे (kāme) कामयोः (kāmayoḥ) कामेषु (kāmeṣu)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 252