काम

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Hindi[edit]

काम
Hindi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hi

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀓𑀫𑁆𑀫 (kamma), from Sanskrit कर्मन् (kárman). Doublet of कर्म (karma).

Cognate with Punjabi ਕੱਮ (kamma), Assamese কাম (kam).

Noun[edit]

काम (kāmm (Urdu spelling کام)

  1. work, task, labour
    मैं कारख़ाने में काम करता हूँ।
    ma͠i kārxāne mẽ kām kartā hū̃.
    I work at a factory.
    Synonym: क्रिया (kriyā)
  2. job, employment
    आजकल मैं काम की तलाश कर रहा हूँ।
    ājkal ma͠i kām kī talāś kar rahā hū̃.
    These days I am looking for a job.
    Synonyms: नौकरी (naukrī), रोज़गार (rozgār)
  3. function, purpose
    यह बक्सा मेज़ का काम देगा
    yah baksā mez kā kām degā
    This box will serve the function of a table.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit काम (kāma), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kā́ma.

Noun[edit]

काम (kāmm (Urdu spelling کام)

  1. lust, sexual passion, desire
  2. (Hinduism) the god of love
    Synonym: कामदेव (kāmdev)

References[edit]

  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993), “काम”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “kárman (2892)”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press
  • Platts, John T. (1884), “काम”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.

Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Sanskrit कर्म (karma), कर्मन् (karman).

Noun[edit]

काम (kāmn

  1. work, task
  2. job, occupation

References[edit]

  • Maxine Berntsen (1982-1983), “काम”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies
  • James Thomas Molesworth (1857), “काम”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “kárman (2892)”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press

Nepali[edit]

Noun[edit]

काम (kām)

  1. work, act
  2. job, occupation

Sanskrit[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *káHmas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *káHmas, from Proto-Indo-European *kóh₂mos, from *keh₂- (to desire, wish).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

काम (kā́mam

  1. wish, desire, longing
  2. love, affection, object of desire or of love or of pleasure
  3. pleasure, enjoyment
  4. love, especially sexual love or sensuality
  5. Love or Desire personified

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of काम (kā́ma)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative कामः
kā́maḥ
कामौ
kā́mau
कामाः / कामासः¹
kā́māḥ / kā́māsaḥ¹
Vocative काम
kā́ma
कामौ
kā́mau
कामाः / कामासः¹
kā́māḥ / kā́māsaḥ¹
Accusative कामम्
kā́mam
कामौ
kā́mau
कामान्
kā́mān
Instrumental कामेन
kā́mena
कामाभ्याम्
kā́mābhyām
कामैः / कामेभिः¹
kā́maiḥ / kā́mebhiḥ¹
Dative कामाय
kā́māya
कामाभ्याम्
kā́mābhyām
कामेभ्यः
kā́mebhyaḥ
Ablative कामात्
kā́māt
कामाभ्याम्
kā́mābhyām
कामेभ्यः
kā́mebhyaḥ
Genitive कामस्य
kā́masya
कामयोः
kā́mayoḥ
कामानाम्
kā́mānām
Locative कामे
kā́me
कामयोः
kā́mayoḥ
कामेषु
kā́meṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]