From Sanskrit क्रिया (kriyā).
क्रिया • (kriyā) f (Urdu spelling کریا)
- (grammar) verb
- doing, performance
- action, act, deed
- work, labour; a literary work
- medical treatment or practice
- a religious act or ceremony, a pious act, a duty
- McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993), “क्रिया”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press
- Platts, John T. (1884), “क्रिया”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.
From the root कृ (kṛ, “to do, make”). Also Proto-Indo-Aryan *kriyāˊ.
क्रिया • (kriyā) f
- doing, performing, performance, occupation with (in compounds), business, act, action, undertaking, activity, work, labour
- bodily action, exercise of the limbs
- (grammar) action (as the general idea expressed by any verb), verb
- सकर्मक्रिया (sakarmakriyā) — "active" verb
- अकर्मक्रिया (akarmakriyā) — intransitive verb
- noun of action
- literary work
- medical treatment or practice, applying a remedy, cure
- समक्रियत्व (samakriyatva) — ?
- विषमक्रिय (viṣamakriya) — undergoing unequal (medical) treatment
- a religious rite or ceremony, sacrificial act, sacrifice
- (with caramā), "the last ceremony", rites performed immediately after death, obsequies, purificatory rites (as ablution etc.)
- religious action, worship
- Religious Action (personified as a daughter of Daksha and wife of Dharma; or as a daughter of Kardama and wife of Kratu)
- judicial investigation (by human means, as by witnesses, documents etc., or by superhuman means, as by various ordeals)
- means, expedient
- “क्रिया” in Carl Cappeller, A Sanskrit–English Dictionary: Based upon the St. Petersburg Lexicons, Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, 1891, OCLC 186102264, page 137.
- Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0320
- Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 076
- Horace Hayman Wilson, A dictionary in Sanscrit and English, 2nd ed., Calcutta: Education Press, Circular Road, 1832, page 257