क्रिया

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit क्रिया (kriyā́).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /kɾɪ.jɑː/, [kɾi.jäː]

Noun[edit]

क्रिया (kriyāf (Urdu spelling کریا‎)

  1. (grammar) verb
  2. doing, performance
  3. action, act, deed
  4. undertaking
  5. business
  6. use
  7. work, labour; literary work
  8. medical treatment or practice
  9. religious act or ceremony, pious act, a duty
  10. obsequies
  11. oath

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From क्रिय् (kriy) +‎ -आ (), in which क्रिय् (kriy) is a back-formation from क्रियते (kriyate).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

क्रिया (kriyā́f

  1. doing, performing, performance, occupation with (in compounds), business, act, action, undertaking, activity, work, labour
  2. bodily action, exercise of the limbs
  3. (grammar) action (as the general idea expressed by any verb), verb
    सकर्मक्रिया (sakarmakriyā)"active" verb
    अकर्मक्रिया (akarmakriyā)intransitive verb
  4. noun of action
  5. literary work
  6. medical treatment or practice, applying a remedy, cure
    समक्रियत्व (samakriyatva) — ?
    विषमक्रिय (viṣamakriya)undergoing unequal (medical) treatment
  7. a religious rite or ceremony, sacrificial act, sacrifice
  8. (with caramā), "the last ceremony", rites performed immediately after death, obsequies, purificatory rites (as ablution etc.)
  9. religious action, worship
  10. Religious Action (personified as a daughter of Daksha and wife of Dharma; or as a daughter of Kardama and wife of Kratu)
  11. judicial investigation (by human means, as by witnesses, documents etc., or by superhuman means, as by various ordeals)
  12. atonement
  13. disquisition
  14. study
  15. means, expedient

Declension[edit]

Feminine ā-stem declension of क्रिया (kriyā́)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative क्रिया
kriyā́
क्रिये
kriyé
क्रियाः
kriyā́ḥ
Vocative क्रिये
kríye
क्रिये
kríye
क्रियाः
kríyāḥ
Accusative क्रियाम्
kriyā́m
क्रिये
kriyé
क्रियाः
kriyā́ḥ
Instrumental क्रियया / क्रिया¹
kriyáyā / kriyā́¹
क्रियाभ्याम्
kriyā́bhyām
क्रियाभिः
kriyā́bhiḥ
Dative क्रियायै
kriyā́yai
क्रियाभ्याम्
kriyā́bhyām
क्रियाभ्यः
kriyā́bhyaḥ
Ablative क्रियायाः
kriyā́yāḥ
क्रियाभ्याम्
kriyā́bhyām
क्रियाभ्यः
kriyā́bhyaḥ
Genitive क्रियायाः
kriyā́yāḥ
क्रिययोः
kriyáyoḥ
क्रियाणाम्
kriyā́ṇām
Locative क्रियायाम्
kriyā́yām
क्रिययोः
kriyáyoḥ
क्रियासु
kriyā́su
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • क्रिया” in Carl Cappeller, A Sanskrit–English Dictionary: Based upon the St. Petersburg Lexicons, Strasbourg: Karl J. Trübner, 1891, →OCLC, page 137.
  • Monier Williams (1899) , “क्रिया”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 0320.
  • Arthur A. Macdonell, A practical Sanskrit dictionary with transliteration, accentuation, and etymological analysis throughout, London: Oxford University Press, 1893, page 076
  • Horace Hayman Wilson, A dictionary in Sanscrit and English, 2nd ed., Calcutta: Education Press, Circular Road, 1832, page 257