kama

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See also: Kama, kamá, kāma, Kāma, -kama, kam-á, and kám-á

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Japanese (kama, sickle, scythe).

Noun[edit]

kama (plural kama)

  1. A sickle-like weapon, originally used as a tool for cutting weeds.
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Sanskrit काम (kā́ma).

Noun[edit]

kama (uncountable)

  1. (Hinduism) The act or process of wishing; longing, desire (with or without sexual connotations); one of the goals of life in Hindu tradition.
    • 1958, V. Raghavan, “Chapter XII: Kāma, The Third End of Man”, in Stephen N Hay, William Theodore De Bary, editors, Sources of Indian Tradition, volume 2, page 258:
      The place of kāma or the pursuit of love and pleasure in the balanced Hindu scheme of life derives from the importance attached to the life of the married householder (grhastha).
    • 2006, “Indian Erotology”, in Alan Soble, editor, Sex from Plato to Paglia: A Philosophical Encyclopedia, Volume 1: A-L, page 493:
      Ancient Indian thought divides the principal aims of human existence into dharma (religion, morality, social obligations), artha (economics, politics, power), and kāma (erotic pleasure, sexual interaction, sexual gratification).
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Acehnese[edit]

Noun[edit]

kama

  1. room (part of a building)

References[edit]

Bikol Central[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish cama.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkama/, [ˈka.ma]
  • Hyphenation: ka‧ma

Noun[edit]

káma (Basahan spelling ᜃᜋ)

  1. bed
    Synonyms: katre, higdaan

Chichewa[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Portuguese cama.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kamá class 9 (plural makamá class 6)

  1. bed
    Synonym: bedi

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-káma.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

-kama (infinitive kukáma)

  1. to milk

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

kama

  1. (dialect, Moravia) which way, which direction
    Synonym: (standard Czech) kudy

Estonian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

kama (genitive kama, partitive kama)

  1. kama (traditional Estonian, Finnish and Russian finely milled flour mixture, consisting of roasted barley, rye, oat and pea flour)
Declension[edit]
Declension of kama (ÕS type 17/elu, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative kama kamad
accusative nom.
gen. kama
genitive kamade
partitive kama kamasid
illative kamma
kamasse
kamadesse
inessive kamas kamades
elative kamast kamadest
allative kamale kamadele
adessive kamal kamadel
ablative kamalt kamadelt
translative kamaks kamadeks
terminative kamani kamadeni
essive kamana kamadena
abessive kamata kamadeta
comitative kamaga kamadega

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

kama (genitive kama, partitive kama)

  1. (colloquial) stuff, things
Declension[edit]
Declension of kama (ÕS type 17/elu, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative kama kamad
accusative nom.
gen. kama
genitive kamade
partitive kama kamasid
illative kamma
kamasse
kamadesse
inessive kamas kamades
elative kamast kamadest
allative kamale kamadele
adessive kamal kamadel
ablative kamalt kamadelt
translative kamaks kamadeks
terminative kamani kamadeni
essive kamana kamadena
abessive kamata kamadeta
comitative kamaga kamadega

Etymology 3[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Adverb[edit]

kama (not comparable)

  1. (colloquial) Indicates indifference, not caring.
    Kas sooviksite õunu või apelsiine? Mul kama kaks.
    Do you want apples or oranges? I don't care either way.

Further reading[edit]

Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Akin to kampe, kampsut.[1] According to SSA, ultimately of onomatopoeic origin;[2] possibly related to dialectal kamahtaa (to thump, to thud).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkɑmɑ/, [ˈkɑ̝mɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -ɑmɑ
  • Syllabification(key): ka‧ma

Noun[edit]

kama

  1. (colloquial, usually in the plural) stuff (miscellaneous items or objects; personal effects)
    Mitä ovat kaikki nuo kamat makuuhuoneesi lattialla?
    What is all that stuff on your bedroom floor?
  2. (slang, in the singular only) product (illegal drugs)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of kama (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative kama kamat
genitive kaman kamojen
partitive kamaa kamoja
illative kamaan kamoihin
singular plural
nominative kama kamat
accusative nom. kama kamat
gen. kaman
genitive kaman kamojen
kamainrare
partitive kamaa kamoja
inessive kamassa kamoissa
elative kamasta kamoista
illative kamaan kamoihin
adessive kamalla kamoilla
ablative kamalta kamoilta
allative kamalle kamoille
essive kamana kamoina
translative kamaksi kamoiksi
abessive kamatta kamoitta
instructive kamoin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of kama (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kamani kamani
accusative nom. kamani kamani
gen. kamani
genitive kamani kamojeni
kamainirare
partitive kamaani kamojani
inessive kamassani kamoissani
elative kamastani kamoistani
illative kamaani kamoihini
adessive kamallani kamoillani
ablative kamaltani kamoiltani
allative kamalleni kamoilleni
essive kamanani kamoinani
translative kamakseni kamoikseni
abessive kamattani kamoittani
instructive
comitative kamoineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative kamasi kamasi
accusative nom. kamasi kamasi
gen. kamasi
genitive kamasi kamojesi
kamaisirare
partitive kamaasi kamojasi
inessive kamassasi kamoissasi
elative kamastasi kamoistasi
illative kamaasi kamoihisi
adessive kamallasi kamoillasi
ablative kamaltasi kamoiltasi
allative kamallesi kamoillesi
essive kamanasi kamoinasi
translative kamaksesi kamoiksesi
abessive kamattasi kamoittasi
instructive
comitative kamoinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kamamme kamamme
accusative nom. kamamme kamamme
gen. kamamme
genitive kamamme kamojemme
kamaimmerare
partitive kamaamme kamojamme
inessive kamassamme kamoissamme
elative kamastamme kamoistamme
illative kamaamme kamoihimme
adessive kamallamme kamoillamme
ablative kamaltamme kamoiltamme
allative kamallemme kamoillemme
essive kamanamme kamoinamme
translative kamaksemme kamoiksemme
abessive kamattamme kamoittamme
instructive
comitative kamoinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative kamanne kamanne
accusative nom. kamanne kamanne
gen. kamanne
genitive kamanne kamojenne
kamainnerare
partitive kamaanne kamojanne
inessive kamassanne kamoissanne
elative kamastanne kamoistanne
illative kamaanne kamoihinne
adessive kamallanne kamoillanne
ablative kamaltanne kamoiltanne
allative kamallenne kamoillenne
essive kamananne kamoinanne
translative kamaksenne kamoiksenne
abessive kamattanne kamoittanne
instructive
comitative kamoinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative kamansa kamansa
accusative nom. kamansa kamansa
gen. kamansa
genitive kamansa kamojensa
kamainsarare
partitive kamaansa kamojaan
kamojansa
inessive kamassaan
kamassansa
kamoissaan
kamoissansa
elative kamastaan
kamastansa
kamoistaan
kamoistansa
illative kamaansa kamoihinsa
adessive kamallaan
kamallansa
kamoillaan
kamoillansa
ablative kamaltaan
kamaltansa
kamoiltaan
kamoiltansa
allative kamalleen
kamallensa
kamoilleen
kamoillensa
essive kamanaan
kamanansa
kamoinaan
kamoinansa
translative kamakseen
kamaksensa
kamoikseen
kamoiksensa
abessive kamattaan
kamattansa
kamoittaan
kamoittansa
instructive
comitative kamoineen
kamoinensa

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Forsberg, Ulla-Maija (2021) Stadin slangin etymologinen sanakirja [Etymological Dictionary of Helsinki Slang]‎[1] (in Finnish), [note: linked online version also includes other etymological sources], Helsinki: Gaudeamus, →ISBN
  2. ^ Itkonen, Erkki; Kulonen, Ulla-Maija, editors (1992–2000) Suomen sanojen alkuperä [The origin of Finnish words]‎[2] (in Finnish), [note: linked online version also includes some other etymological sources], Helsinki: Institute for the Languages of Finland/Finnish Literature Society, →ISBN

Further reading[edit]

Garo[edit]

Verb[edit]

kama

  1. (transitive) to burn

Related terms[edit]

  • soa (intransitive)

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit काम (kāma, love), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *káHmas (desire), from Proto-Indo-European *kóh₂-mo-s, from *keh₂- (to desire, wish).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ka.ma/
  • Hyphenation: ka‧ma

Noun[edit]

kama

  1. love, especially sexual love or sensuality.
  2. personification of love or desire as deity.

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Jamamadí[edit]

Verb[edit]

kama

  1. (Banawá) to come

References[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

kama

  1. Rōmaji transcription of かま

Kabuverdianu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese cama.

Noun[edit]

kama

  1. bed

Kavalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Hokkien 柑仔 (kam-á, tangerine).

Noun[edit]

kama

  1. orange; tangerine

Kituba[edit]

Verb[edit]

kama

  1. to milk

Lele (Chad)[edit]

Noun[edit]

kāmā

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Takács, Gábor (2007) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 201, →ISBN:
    [] we should carefully distinguish the following Ch. roots from AA *m-ˀ "water" [GT]:
    (1) Ch. *h-m "water" [GT]: [] Lele kāmā [Gowers], []
  • Etudes berbères et chamito-sémitiques: mélanges offerts à Karl-G. Prasse (2000, →ISBN, page 38

Luba-Kasai[edit]

Verb[edit]

kama

  1. to milk

Maranao[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

kama

  1. breastplate

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish cama (bed).

Noun[edit]

kama

  1. bed, cot

References[edit]

Mokilese[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

kama

  1. first person dual exclusive; the two of us, but not you

See also[edit]


Old Tupi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Tupi-Guarani *kam, from Proto-Tupian *ᵑkam.

Cognate with Paraguayan Guaraní káma.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkã.ma/
  • Rhymes: -ãma
  • Hyphenation: ka‧ma

Noun[edit]

kama (possessable)

  1. breast (milk-producing organ)
  2. breast; chest (front of the human thorax)
    Synonym: poti'a
  3. (of animals) teat; udder

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Nheengatu: kama

Further reading[edit]

Eduardo de Almeida Navarro (2013), “kama”, in Dicionário de tupi antigo: a língua indígena clássica do Brasil (in Portuguese), 1 edition, São Paulo: Global, →ISBN, page 213, column 1

Ontong Java[edit]

Noun[edit]

kama

  1. human
  2. man
  3. person

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Verb[edit]

kama

  1. second-person singular imperative active of kamati (to walk)

Papiamentu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese cama and Spanish cama and Kabuverdianu kama.

Noun[edit]

kama

  1. bed

Rwanda-Rundi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-káma.

Verb[edit]

-káma (infinitive gukáma, perfective -kámye)

  1. to milk

Derived terms[edit]

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Japanese (kama, sickle, scythe).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kâma/
  • Hyphenation: ka‧ma

Noun[edit]

kȁma f (Cyrillic spelling ка̏ма)

  1. kama
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkishقامه(kama).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kâma/
  • Hyphenation: ka‧ma

Noun[edit]

kȁma f (Cyrillic spelling ка̏ма)

  1. a kind of dagger
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Sanskrit काम (kā́ma).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kâːma/
  • Hyphenation: ka‧ma

Noun[edit]

kȃma m (Cyrillic spelling ка̑ма)

  1. (Hinduism) one of the four main goals of the material existence
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • kama” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • kama” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • kama” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Shona[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-káma.

Verb[edit]

-kámá (infinitive kukámá)

  1. to milk

Swahili[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Arabicكَمَا(kamā).

Conjunction[edit]

kama

  1. as
    Synonym: mithili
    Kama ulivyosema...
    As you said...
  2. if
    Synonym: ikiwa

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *-káma.

Verb[edit]

-kama (infinitive kukama)

  1. to milk
Conjugation[edit]
Conjugation of -kama
Positive present -nakama
Subjunctive -kame
Negative -kami
Imperative singular kama
Infinitives
Positive kukama
Negative kutokama
Imperatives
Singular kama
Plural kameni
Tensed forms
Habitual hukama
Positive past positive subject concord + -likama
Negative past negative subject concord + -kukama
Positive present (positive subject concord + -nakama)
Singular Plural
1st person ninakama/nakama tunakama
2nd person unakama mnakama
3rd person m-wa(I/II) anakama wanakama
other classes positive subject concord + -nakama
Negative present (negative subject concord + -kami)
Singular Plural
1st person sikami hatukami
2nd person hukami hamkami
3rd person m-wa(I/II) hakami hawakami
other classes negative subject concord + -kami
Positive future positive subject concord + -takama
Negative future negative subject concord + -takama
Positive subjunctive (positive subject concord + -kame)
Singular Plural
1st person nikame tukame
2nd person ukame mkame
3rd person m-wa(I/II) akame wakame
other classes positive subject concord + -kame
Negative subjunctive positive subject concord + -sikame
Positive present conditional positive subject concord + -ngekama
Negative present conditional positive subject concord + -singekama
Positive past conditional positive subject concord + -ngalikama
Negative past conditional positive subject concord + -singalikama
Gnomic (positive subject concord + -akama)
Singular Plural
1st person nakama twakama
2nd person wakama mwakama
3rd person m-wa(I/II) akama wakama
m-mi(III/IV) wakama yakama
ji-ma(V/VI) lakama yakama
ki-vi(VII/VIII) chakama vyakama
n(IX/X) yakama zakama
u(XI) wakama see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) kwakama
pa(XVI) pakama
mu(XVIII) mwakama
Perfect positive subject concord + -mekama
"Already" positive subject concord + -meshakama
"Not yet" negative subject concord + -jakama
"If/When" positive subject concord + -kikama
"If not" positive subject concord + -sipokama
Consecutive kakama / positive subject concord + -kakama
Consecutive subjunctive positive subject concord + -kakame
Object concord (indicative positive)
Singular Plural
1st person -nikama -tukama
2nd person -kukama -wakama/-kukameni/-wakameni
3rd person m-wa(I/II) -mkama -wakama
m-mi(III/IV) -ukama -ikama
ji-ma(V/VI) -likama -yakama
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -kikama -vikama
n(IX/X) -ikama -zikama
u(XI) -ukama see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -kukama
pa(XVI) -pakama
mu(XVIII) -mukama
Reflexive -jikama
Relative forms
General positive (positive subject concord + (object concord) + -kama- + relative marker)
Singular Plural
m-wa(I/II) -kamaye -kamao
m-mi(III/IV) -kamao -kamayo
ji-ma(V/VI) -kamalo -kamayo
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -kamacho -kamavyo
n(IX/X) -kamayo -kamazo
u(XI) -kamao see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -kamako
pa(XVI) -kamapo
mu(XVIII) -kamamo
Other forms (subject concord + tense marker + relative marker + (object concord) + -kama)
Singular Plural
m-wa(I/II) -yekama -okama
m-mi(III/IV) -okama -yokama
ji-ma(V/VI) -lokama -yokama
ki-vi(VII/VIII) -chokama -vyokama
n(IX/X) -yokama -zokama
u(XI) -okama see n(X) or ma(VI) class
ku(XV/XVII) -kokama
pa(XVI) -pokama
mu(XVIII) -mokama
Some forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish cama.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: ka‧ma
  • IPA(key): /ˈkama/, [ˈka.mɐ]

Noun[edit]

kama (Baybayin spelling ᜃᜋ)

  1. bed
    Synonyms: higaan, katre

Derived terms[edit]

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkishقامه(kama).

Noun[edit]

kama (definite accusative kamayı, plural kamalar)

  1. wedge
  2. dagger

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb[edit]

-kama?

  1. to brush hair

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.