kama

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See also: Kama, kamá, kāma, Kāma, -kama, and kam-á

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Japanese (kama, sickle, scythe).

Noun[edit]

kama (plural kama or kamas)

  1. A sickle-like weapon, originally used as a tool for cutting weeds.
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Sanskrit काम (kāma).

Noun[edit]

kama (uncountable)

  1. (India) The act or process of wishing; longing, desire (with or without sexual connotations); one of the goals of life in Hindu tradition.
    • 1958, V. Raghavan Chapter XII: Kāma, The Third End of Man, Stephen N Hay, William Theodore De Bary (editors), Sources of Indian Tradition, Volume 2, page 258,
      The place of kāma or the pursuit of love and pleasure in the balanced Hindu scheme of life derives from the importance attached to the life of the married householder (grhastha).
    • 2006, Indian Erotology, article in Alan Soble (editor), Sex from Plato to Paglia: A Philosophical Encyclopedia, Volume 1: A-L, page 493,
      Ancient Indian thought divides the principal aims of human existence into dharma (religion, morality, social obligations), artha (economics, politics, power), and kāma (erotic pleasure, sexual interaction, sexual gratification).
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Chichewa[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Portuguese cama.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kamá class 9 (plural makamá class 6)

  1. bed
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

-kama

  1. to milk

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

kama (genitive kama, partitive kama)

  1. finely milled flour mixture (Estonian/Finnish food, talkkuna in Finnish)
  2. kama

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

kama

  1. one’s stuff (usually plural)
    Siivoa kamasi.
    Clean up your stuff.
  2. (slang, singular only) product (illegal drugs)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of kama (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative kama kamat
genitive kaman kamojen
partitive kamaa kamoja
illative kamaan kamoihin
singular plural
nominative kama kamat
accusative nom. kama kamat
gen. kaman
genitive kaman kamojen
kamainrare
partitive kamaa kamoja
inessive kamassa kamoissa
elative kamasta kamoista
illative kamaan kamoihin
adessive kamalla kamoilla
ablative kamalta kamoilta
allative kamalle kamoille
essive kamana kamoina
translative kamaksi kamoiksi
instructive kamoin
abessive kamatta kamoitta
comitative kamoineen

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

kama

  1. Rōmaji transcription of かま

Lele (Chad)[edit]

Noun[edit]

kāmā

  1. water

References[edit]

  • Takács, Gábor (1999-2008) Etymological Dictionary of Egyptian, volume 3, Leiden: Brill, ISBN 9789004115385, page 201:
    [] we should carefully distinguish the following Ch. roots from AA *m-ˀ "water" [GT]:
    (1) Ch. *h-m "water" [GT]: [] Lele kāmā [Gowers], []
  • Etudes berbères et chamito-sémitiques: mélanges offerts à Karl-G. Prasse (2000, ISBN 9042908262, page 38

Ontong Java[edit]

Noun[edit]

kama

  1. human
  2. man
  3. person

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Japanese (kama, sickle, scythe).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kâma/
  • Hyphenation: ka‧ma

Noun[edit]

kȁma f (Cyrillic spelling ка̏ма)

  1. kama
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish [script needed] (kama) (Turkish kama).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kâma/
  • Hyphenation: ka‧ma

Noun[edit]

kȁma f (Cyrillic spelling ка̏ма)

  1. a kind of dagger
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Sanskrit काम (kā́ma).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kâːma/
  • Hyphenation: ka‧ma

Noun[edit]

kȃma m (Cyrillic spelling ка̑ма)

  1. (Hinduism) one of the four main goals of the material existence
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • kama” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • kama” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • kama” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Swahili[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic كَمَا (kamā).

Conjunction[edit]

kama

  1. as
    Kama ulivyosema...
    As you said...
  2. if

Synonyms[edit]

Verb[edit]

-kama (infinitive kukama)

  1. to milk

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of -kama
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kukama kutokama
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative kama kameni
Habitual hukama
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive nilikama
nalikama
tulikama
twalikama
ulikama
walikama
mlikama
mwalikama
alikama walikama ulikama ilikama lilikama yalikama kilikama vilikama ilikama zilikama ulikama kulikama palikama mulikama
Relative niliokama
naliokama
tuliokama
twaliokama
uliokama
waliokama
mliokama
mwaliokama
aliokama waliokama uliokama iliokama liliokama yaliokama kiliokama viliokama iliokama ziliokama uliokama kuliokama paliokama muliokama
Negative sikukama hatukukama hukukama hamkukama hakukama hawakukama haukukama haikukama halikukama hayakukama hakikukama havikukama haikukama hazikukama haukukama hakukukama hapakukama hamukukama
Present
Positive ninakama
nakama
tunakama unakama mnakama anakama wanakama unakama inakama linakama yanakama kinakama vinakama inakama zinakama unakama kunakama panakama munakama
Relative ninaokama
naokama
tunaokama unaokama mnaokama anaokama wanaokama unaokama inaokama linaokama yanaokama kinaokama vinaokama inaokama zinaokama unaokama kunaokama panaokama munaokama
Negative sikami hatukami hukami hamkami hakami hawakami haukami haikami halikami hayakami hakikami havikami haikami hazikami haukami hakukami hapakami hamukami
Future
Positive nitakama tutakama utakama mtakama atakama watakama utakama itakama litakama yatakama kitakama vitakama itakama zitakama utakama kutakama patakama mutakama
Relative nitakaokama tutakaokama utakaokama mtakaokama atakaokama watakaokama utakaokama itakaokama litakaokama yatakaokama kitakaokama vitakaokama itakaokama zitakaokama utakaokama kutakaokama patakaokama mutakaokama
Negative sitakama hatutakama hutakama hamtakama hatakama hawatakama hautakama haitakama halitakama hayatakama hakitakama havitakama haitakama hazitakama hautakama hakutakama hapatakama hamutakama
Subjunctive
Positive nikame tukame ukame mkame akame wakame ukame ikame likame yakame kikame vikame ikame zikame ukame kukame pakame mukame
Negative nisikame tusikame usikame msikame asikame wasikame usikame isikame lisikame yasikame kisikame visikame isikame zisikame usikame kusikame pasikame musikame
Present Conditional
Positive ningekama tungekama ungekama mngekama angekama wangekama ungekama ingekama lingekama yangekama kingekama vingekama ingekama zingekama ungekama kungekama pangekama mungekama
Negative nisingekama
singekama
tusingekama
hatungekama
usingekama
hungekama
msingekama
hamngekama
asingekama
hangekama
wasingekama
hawangekama
usingekama
haungekama
isingekama
haingekama
lisingekama
halingekama
yasingekama
hayangekama
kisingekama
hakingekama
visingekama
havingekama
isingekama
haingekama
zisingekama
hazingekama
usingekama
haungekama
kusingekama
hakungekama
pasingekama
hapangekama
musingekama
hamungekama
Past Conditional
Positive ningalikama tungalikama ungalikama mngalikama angalikama wangalikama ungalikama ingalikama lingalikama yangalikama kingalikama vingalikama ingalikama zingalikama ungalikama kungalikama pangalikama mungalikama
Negative nisingalikama
singalikama
tusingalikama
hatungalikama
usingalikama
hungalikama
msingalikama
hamngalikama
asingalikama
hangalikama
wasingalikama
hawangalikama
usingalikama
haungalikama
isingalikama
haingalikama
lisingalikama
halingalikama
yasingalikama
hayangalikama
kisingalikama
hakingalikama
visingalikama
havingalikama
isingalikama
haingalikama
zisingalikama
hazingalikama
usingalikama
haungalikama
kusingalikama
hakungalikama
pasingalikama
hapangalikama
musingalikama
hamungalikama
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningelikama tungelikama ungelikama mngelikama angelikama wangelikama ungelikama ingelikama lingelikama yangelikama kingelikama vingelikama ingelikama zingelikama ungelikama kungelikama pangelikama mungelikama
General Relative
Positive nikamao tukamao ukamao mkamao akamao wakamao ukamao ikamao likamao yakamao kikamao vikamao ikamao zikamao ukamao kukamao pakamao mukamao
Negative nisiokama tusiokama usiokama msiokama asiokama wasiokama usiokama isiokama lisiokama yasiokama kisiokama visiokama isiokama zisiokama usiokama kusiokama pasiokama musiokama
Gnomic
Positive nakama twakama wakama mwakama akama wakama wakama yakama lakama yakama chakama vyakama yakama zakama wakama kwakama pakama mwakama
Perfect
Positive nimekama tumekama umekama mmekama amekama wamekama umekama imekama limekama yamekama kimekama vimekama imekama zimekama umekama kumekama pamekama mumekama
"Already"
Positive nimeshakama tumeshakama umeshakama mmeshakama ameshakama wameshakama umeshakama imeshakama limeshakama yameshakama kimeshakama vimeshakama imeshakama zimeshakama umeshakama kumeshakama pameshakama mumeshakama
"Not yet"
Negative sijakama hatujakama hujakama hamjakama hajakama hawajakama haujakama haijakama halijakama hayajakama hakijakama havijakama haijakama hazijakama haujakama hakujakama hapajakama hamujakama
"If/When"
Positive nikikama tukikama ukikama mkikama akikama wakikama ukikama ikikama likikama yakikama kikikama vikikama ikikama zikikama ukikama kukikama pakikama mukikama
"If not"
Negative nisipokama tusipokama usipokama msipokama asipokama wasipokama usipokama isipokama lisipokama yasipokama kisipokama visipokama isipokama zisipokama usipokama kusipokama pasipokama musipokama
Consecutive
Positive nikakama tukakama ukakama mkakama akakama wakakama ukakama ikakama likakama yakakama kikakama vikakama ikakama zikakama ukakama kukakama pakakama mukakama
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Spanish cama (bed), from Late Latin, probably of Celtic or Iberian origin. Compare also camba.

Noun[edit]

kama

  1. bed

Synonyms[edit]


Turkish[edit]

Noun[edit]

kama

  1. wedge
  2. dagger