किम्

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

For an earlier unattested *किद् (kid), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kíd ~ číd, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷím. Cognate with Younger Avestan 𐬗𐬌𐬨(cim), 𐬐𐬆𐬨(kəm).[1] According to Mayrhofer, किम् (kim) is either an archaism or a Prakritism.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

किम् (kím)[2]

  1. what
    त्वं किं वदसि?
    tvaṃ kiṃ vadasi?
    What are you saying?
  2. how, why
    किम् इति?kim iti?Why?
  3. question marker: whether ..., do ...
    किम् एषः चषकः बृहत्?kim eṣaḥ caṣakaḥ bṛhat?Is this cup big?
    Synonym: अपि (api)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992), “kí-”, in Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan] (in German), volume I, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, page 347
  2. ^ Monier Williams (1899), “किम्”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, OCLC 458052227, page 282.