का

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a derivative of Sanskrit कृ (kṛ, to do), likely कृतं (kṛtaṃ) or कृते (kṛte). Dasa also suggests (ka, diminutive suffix). Compare Punjabi ਦਾ ().

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

का () (Urdu spelling کا)

  1. marks the genitive case: of, belonging to
    राम का भाईrām bhāīRam's brother
    उसका दोस्तus dosthis friend
    सोनिया की घड़ीsoniyā ghaṛīSoniya's watch.
  2. part of, from
    संतरे का रसsantre rasorange juice (literally, “juice from orange”)
    हाथ की उंगलीhāth uṅglīfinger of the hand.
  3. made of, consisting of
    लोहे का तलवारlohe talvāran iron sword
  4. worth, useful
    क्या यह कोई कहने की बात है?
    kyā yah koī kahne bāt hai?
    Is this something that is worth saying?
  5. (colloquial) marks the prospective case
    वह नहीं कहने काvah nahī̃ kahne .He's not going to talk.
  6. (in the oblique) forms compound postpositions
    के दौरानke daurānduring
    की तरफ़kī taraffacing

Usage notes[edit]

  • का is a possessive particle in Hindi to show relationships with people and things, and in many cases it can be translated as a Saxon genitive, as possession would be used in English.
  • Some pronoun genitive forms change का into रा, e.x. मेरा (merā, my).
  • It also forms a large number of compound pospositions such as के साथ (ke sāth, with), के पीछे (ke pīche, behind), की तरफ़ (kī taraf, facing), etc.

Declension[edit]

Declension of का
masculine feminine
singular plural singular plural
direct का () के (ke) की () की ()
indirect के (ke) के (ke) की () की ()
vocative के (ke) के (ke) की () की ()

Pronoun[edit]

का ()

  1. (dialectal) Alternative form of क्या (kyā); what

Further reading[edit]

  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993), “का”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press
  • Syamasundara Dasa (1965-1975), “का”, in Hindi Sabdasagara [Comprehensive Hindi Dictionary] (in Hindi), Kashi [Varanasi]: Nagari Pracarini Sabha
  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “का”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons

Sheshi Kham[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d-kʷəj-n

Noun[edit]

का

  1. dog