का

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Bagheli[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit किम् (kim). Cognate to Hindi क्या (kyā).

Pronoun[edit]

का ()

  1. what

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a derivative of Sanskrit कृ (kṛ, to do), likely कृत (kṛta, done) or कार्य (kārya, to be done). Dasa also suggests -क (-ka, diminutive suffix). Compare Punjabi ਦਾ ().

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /kɑː/, [käː]

Postposition[edit]

का () (Urdu spelling کا‎)

  1. marks the genitive case: of, belonging to
    राम का भाईrām bhāīRam's brother
    उसका दोस्तus dosthis friend
    सोनिया की घड़ीsoniyā ghaṛīSoniya's watch.
  2. part of, from
    संतरे का रस
    santre ras
    orange juice
    (literally, “juice from orange”)
    हाथ की उंगलीhāth uṅglīfinger of the hand.
  3. made of, consisting of
    लोहे का तलवार
    lohe talvār
    an iron sword
  4. worth, useful
    क्या यह कोई कहने की बात है?
    kyā yah koī kahne bāt hai?
    Is this something that is worth saying?
  5. (colloquial) marks the prospective case
    वह नहीं कहने का
    vah nahī̃ kahne .
    He's not going to talk.
  6. (in the oblique) forms compound postpositions
    के दौरानke daurānduring
    की तरफ़kī taraffacing

Usage notes[edit]

  • का is a possessive postposition in Hindi to show relationships with people and things, and in many cases it can be translated as a Saxon genitive, as possession would be used in English.
  • Some pronoun genitive forms change का into रा, e.x. मेरा (merā, my).
  • It also forms a large number of compound postpositions such as के साथ (ke sāth, with), के पीछे (ke pīche, behind), की तरफ़ (kī taraf, facing), etc.

Declension[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

का ()

  1. (dialectal) Alternative form of क्या (kyā); what

Further reading[edit]


Marathi[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Adverb[edit]

का ()

  1. why

Conjunction[edit]

का ()

  1. or

Particle[edit]

का ()

  1. final interrogative particle to form a yes-no question
    तुम्ही दिल्लीचे का?
    tumhī dillīce ?
    Are you from Delhi?

References[edit]

  • Berntsen, Maxine, “का”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies, 1982-1983.
  • Molesworth, James Thomas (1857), “का”, in A dictionary, Marathi and English, Bombay: Printed for government at the Bombay Education Society's Press

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

का f

  1. Devanagari script form of (who (f.))

Declension[edit]


Sheshi Kham[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d-kʷəj-n.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

का

  1. dog

Yamphu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *ŋa-j ~ ka.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

का ()

  1. I, me

References[edit]

  • का”, in याम्फु - नेपाली - अङ्ग्रेजी शब्दकोश (Yamphu - Nepali - English Dictionary), Nepal: SIL International, 2019.