का

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Translingual[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Syllable[edit]

का ()

  1. The Devanagari consonant k(a) with the matra diacritic ; for the vowel ā

Alternative forms[edit]

See Also[edit]


Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Prakrit किअउं ‎(किअउं) and Sanskrit कृतं ‎(kṛtaṃ) (perfect participle neuter of कृ ‎(kṛ, to do))

Postposition[edit]

का ‎() ‎(Urdu spelling کا)

  1. of
  2. belonging to
    राम का भाई  ―  rām bhāī  ―  Ram's brother
  3. concerning
  4. made of, consisting of
    लोहा का तलवार  ―  lohā talvār  ―  an iron sword

Usage notes[edit]

  • का is a possessive particle in Hindi to show relationships with people and things, and in many cases it can be translated as a Saxon genitive, as possession would be used in English. It is not used to show possession by people of objects, the के पास ‎(ke pās) construction is used for that. का is the postposition of the genitive case in Urdū and Hindī, and, as such, is also frequently used as an adjective termination, e.g. सोने की घड़ी ‎(sone kī ghaṛī, a gold watch); काठ का घोड़ा ‎(kāṭh kā ghoṛā, a wooden horse).
  • Some pronoun genitive forms change का into रा, e.x. मेरा ‎(merā, my).
  • It also forms a large number of compound pospositions such as के साथ ‎(ke sāth, with), के पीछे ‎(ke pīche, behind), की तरफ़ ‎(kī taraf, facing), etc.

Declension[edit]

Declension of का
masculine feminine
singular plural singular plural
direct का ‎() के ‎(ke) की ‎() की ‎()
indirect के ‎(ke) के ‎(ke) की ‎() की ‎()
vocative के ‎(ke) के ‎(ke) की ‎() की ‎()

Pronoun[edit]

का ‎()

  1. (dialectal) Alternative form of क्या ‎(kyā); what

References[edit]

  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993), “का”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press
  • Platts, John T. (1884), “का”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.