भाई

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀪𑀸𑀇 (bhāi), 𑀪𑀸𑀉 (bhāu), 𑀪𑀸𑀆 (bhāā), from Sanskrit भ्रातृ (bhrā́tṛ), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *bʰráHtā, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *bʰráHtā, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr (brother). Cognate with Punjabi ਭਰਾ (bharā) / بھرا (bharā), Sindhi भाऊ / ڀاءُ (bhāū), Gujarati ભાઈ (bhāī), Marathi भाऊ (bhāū), Bengali ভাই (bhai). Persian برادر (barâdar), Ancient Greek φράτηρ (phrátēr), Latin frāter, Old Norse bróðir and Old English brōþor (English brother).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

भाई (bhāīm (Urdu spelling بھائی)

  1. brother
    मेरा छोटा भाई बहुत मासूम है।
    merā choṭā bhāī bahut māsūm hai.
    My younger brother is very naïve.
    Synonyms: भ्रातृ (bhrātŕ) (formal), भ्राता (bhrātā) (formal), भाऊ (bhāū), भैया (bhaiyā)
  2. (informal, vocative) used to refer to any male person
    भाई-साहबbhāī-sāhabsir, mister
  3. (informal, vocative) dude, friend, bro
    Synonym: यार (yār)

Declension[edit]

Declension of भाई
Singular Plural
Direct भाई (bhāī) भाई (bhāī)
Oblique भाई (bhāī) भाइयों (bhāiyõ)
Vocative भाई (bhāī) भाइयो (bhāiyo)

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993), “भाई”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “bhrāˊtr̥ (9661)”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press
  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “भाई”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons
  • Platts, John T. (1884), “भाई”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.
  • Caturvedi, Mahendra; Bhola Nath Tiwari (1970), “भाई”, in A practical Hindi-English dictionary, Delhi: National Publishing House
  • Syamasundara Dasa (1965-1975), “भाई”, in Hindi Sabdasagara [Comprehensive Hindi Dictionary] (in Hindi), Kashi [Varanasi]: Nagari Pracarini Sabha

Old Gujarati[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀪𑀸𑀇 (bhāi), 𑀪𑀸𑀉 (bhāu), 𑀪𑀸𑀆 (bhāā),, from Sanskrit भ्रातृ (bhrā́tṛ), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *bʰráHtā, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *bʰráHtā, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr (brother).

Noun[edit]

भाई (transliteration neededm

  1. brother

Descendants[edit]