पति

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit पति (pati).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /pə.t̪iː/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

पति (patim (Urdu spelling پتی‎)

  1. husband

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Old Gujarati[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Sanskrit पति (pati).

Noun[edit]

पति (patim

  1. lord

Descendants[edit]

  • Gujarati: પતિ (pati)

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

पति m

  1. Devanagari script form of pati (“boss”)

Declension[edit]

Verb[edit]

पति (pati)

  1. Devanagari script form of pati, which is second/third-person singular aorist active of पतति (patati, to fall)

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *pátiš, from Proto-Indo-European *pótis. Cognate with Albanian pata,[1][2] Avestan 𐬞𐬀𐬌𐬙𐬌(paiti), Ancient Greek πόσις (pósis), Latin potis, Lithuanian pàts.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

पति (pátim

  1. husband
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 10.145.1:
      इमां खनाम्योषधिं वीरुधं बलवत्तमाम् ।
      यया सपत्नीं बाधते यया संविन्दते पतिम्
      imāṃ khanāmyoṣadhiṃ vīrudhaṃ balavattamām .
      yayā sapatnīṃ bādhate yayā saṃvindate patim .
      I dig this plant, a herb of most effectual power, from out the earth
      With which one quells the co-wife and gains the husband for herself.
  2. lord, master
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 1.43.4:
      गाथपतिं मेधपतिं रुद्रं जलाषभेषजम् ।
      तच्छंयोः सुम्नमीमहे ॥
      gāthapatiṃ medhapatiṃ rudraṃ jalāṣabheṣajam .
      tacchaṃyoḥ sumnamīmahe .
      To Rudra, the lord of hymns, lord of sacrifices and possessing balmy medicines,
      We pray for joy and health and strength.
  3. master, owner, possessor, lord, ruler, sovereign

Declension[edit]

Masculine i-stem declension of पति (páti)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative पतिः
pátiḥ
पती
pátī
पतयः
pátayaḥ
Vocative पते
páte
पती
pátī
पतयः
pátayaḥ
Accusative पतिम्
pátim
पती
pátī
पतीन्
pátīn
Instrumental पत्या
pátyā
पतिभ्याम्
pátibhyām
पतिभिः
pátibhiḥ
Dative पत्ये
pátye
पतिभ्याम्
pátibhyām
पतिभ्यः
pátibhyaḥ
Ablative पत्युः
pátyuḥ
पतिभ्याम्
pátibhyām
पतिभ्यः
pátibhyaḥ
Genitive पत्युः
pátyuḥ
पत्योः
pátyoḥ
पतीनाम्
pátīnām
Locative पत्यौ
pátyau
पत्योः
pátyoḥ
पतिषु
pátiṣu

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Noun[edit]

पति (pátif

  1. a female possessor, mistress
  2. wife

Declension[edit]

Feminine i-stem declension of पति (páti)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative पतिः
pátiḥ
पती
pátī
पतयः
pátayaḥ
Vocative पते
páte
पती
pátī
पतयः
pátayaḥ
Accusative पतिम्
pátim
पती
pátī
पतीः
pátīḥ
Instrumental पत्या
pátyā
पतिभ्याम्
pátibhyām
पतिभिः
pátibhiḥ
Dative पतये / पत्ये¹ / पत्यै²
pátaye / pátye¹ / pátyai²
पतिभ्याम्
pátibhyām
पतिभ्यः
pátibhyaḥ
Ablative पतेः / पत्याः²
páteḥ / pátyāḥ²
पतिभ्याम्
pátibhyām
पतिभ्यः
pátibhyaḥ
Genitive पतेः / पत्याः²
páteḥ / pátyāḥ²
पत्योः
pátyoḥ
पतीनाम्
pátīnām
Locative पतौ / पत्याम्²
pátau / pátyām²
पत्योः
pátyoḥ
पतिषु
pátiṣu
Notes
  • ¹Less common
  • ²Later Sanskrit

References[edit]

  1. ^ Orel, Vladimir (1998), “पति”, in Albanian Etymological Dictionary, Leiden, Boston, Cologne: Brill, →ISBN, page 167
  2. ^ Albanische Etymologien (Untersuchungen zum albanischen Erbwortschatz), Bardhyl Demiraj, Leiden Studies in Indo-European 7; Amsterdam - Atlanta 1997