भ्रातृ

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit भ्रातृ (bhrā́tṛ), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *bʰráHtā, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *bʰráHtā, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr (brother).

Noun[edit]

भ्रातृ (bhrātṛm (Urdu spelling بھراتر)

  1. (literary, rare) brother

See also[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *bʰráHtā, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *bʰráHtā, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr (brother). Cognate with Old Persian 𐎲𐎼𐎠𐎫𐎠 (b-r-a-t-a /brātā/), (whence Persian برادر (birādar)), Avestan 𐬠𐬭𐬁𐬙𐬀𐬭 (brātar), Ancient Greek φρᾱ́τηρ (phrā́tēr), Latin frater, Old English broþor (whence English brother).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /bʱɽɑ́ː.t̪r̩/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈbʱɽɑː.t̪r̩/
  • Noun[edit]

    भ्रातृ (bhrā́tṛm

    1. brother
      मम् भ्रातृ कृष्णः।
      mam bhrātṛ kṛṣṇaḥ.
      My brother is Krishna.
    2. (by extension) kinsman, relative
      1. cousin (especially paternal cousin)
    3. (figuratively) friend

    Usage notes[edit]

    Often used to designate a near relative or an intimate friend, especially as a term of friendly address.

    Declension[edit]

    Masculine ṛ-stem declension of भ्रातृ (bhrā́tṛ)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative भ्राता
    bhrā́tā
    भ्रातरौ / भ्रातरा¹
    bhrā́tarau / bhrā́tarā¹
    भ्रातरः
    bhrā́taraḥ
    Vocative भ्रातः
    bhrā́taḥ
    भ्रातरौ / भ्रातरा¹
    bhrā́tarau / bhrā́tarā¹
    भ्रातरः
    bhrā́taraḥ
    Accusative भ्रातरम्
    bhrā́taram
    भ्रातरौ / भ्रातरा¹
    bhrā́tarau / bhrā́tarā¹
    भ्रातॄन्
    bhrā́tṝn
    Instrumental भ्रात्रा
    bhrā́trā
    भ्रातृभ्याम्
    bhrā́tṛbhyām
    भ्रातृभिः
    bhrā́tṛbhiḥ
    Dative भ्रात्रे
    bhrā́tre
    भ्रातृभ्याम्
    bhrā́tṛbhyām
    भ्रातृभ्यः
    bhrā́tṛbhyaḥ
    Ablative भ्रातुः
    bhrā́tuḥ
    भ्रातृभ्याम्
    bhrā́tṛbhyām
    भ्रातृभ्यः
    bhrā́tṛbhyaḥ
    Genitive भ्रातुः
    bhrā́tuḥ
    भ्रात्रोः
    bhrā́troḥ
    भ्रातॄणाम्
    bhrā́tṝṇām
    Locative भ्रातरि
    bhrā́tari
    भ्रात्रोः
    bhrā́troḥ
    भ्रातृषु
    bhrā́tṛṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    Borrowed terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • Ardhamagadhi Prakrit: [script needed] (bhāā), [script needed] (bhāi)
    • Maharastri Prakrit: [Term?]
    • Sauraseni Prakrit: [script needed] (bhāā), [script needed] (bhāi)