भ्रातृ

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit भ्रातृ (bhrā́tṛ), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *bʰráHtā, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *bʰráHtā, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr (brother).

Noun[edit]

भ्रातृ (bhrātṛm (Urdu spelling بھراتر‎)

  1. (literary, rare) brother

See also[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *bʰráHtā, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *bʰráHtā, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr (brother). Cognate with Old Persian 𐎲𐎼𐎠𐎫𐎠 (b-r-a-t-a /brātā/), (whence Persian برادر(birādar)), Avestan 𐬠𐬭𐬁𐬙𐬀𐬭(brātar), Ancient Greek φρᾱ́τηρ (phrā́tēr), Latin frater, Old English broþor (whence English brother).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

भ्रातृ (bhrā́tṛm

  1. brother
    मम् भ्रातृ कृष्णः।
    mam bhrātṛ kṛṣṇaḥ.
    My brother is Krishna.
  2. (by extension) kinsman, relative
    1. cousin (especially paternal cousin)
  3. (figuratively) friend

Usage notes[edit]

Often used to designate a near relative or an intimate friend, especially as a term of friendly address.

Declension[edit]

Masculine ṛ-stem declension of भ्रातृ (bhrā́tṛ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative भ्राता
bhrā́tā
भ्रातरौ / भ्रातरा¹
bhrā́tarau / bhrā́tarā¹
भ्रातरः
bhrā́taraḥ
Vocative भ्रातः
bhrā́taḥ
भ्रातरौ / भ्रातरा¹
bhrā́tarau / bhrā́tarā¹
भ्रातरः
bhrā́taraḥ
Accusative भ्रातरम्
bhrā́taram
भ्रातरौ / भ्रातरा¹
bhrā́tarau / bhrā́tarā¹
भ्रातॄन्
bhrā́tṝn
Instrumental भ्रात्रा
bhrā́trā
भ्रातृभ्याम्
bhrā́tṛbhyām
भ्रातृभिः
bhrā́tṛbhiḥ
Dative भ्रात्रे
bhrā́tre
भ्रातृभ्याम्
bhrā́tṛbhyām
भ्रातृभ्यः
bhrā́tṛbhyaḥ
Ablative भ्रातुः
bhrā́tuḥ
भ्रातृभ्याम्
bhrā́tṛbhyām
भ्रातृभ्यः
bhrā́tṛbhyaḥ
Genitive भ्रातुः
bhrā́tuḥ
भ्रात्रोः
bhrā́troḥ
भ्रातॄणाम्
bhrā́tṝṇām
Locative भ्रातरि
bhrā́tari
भ्रात्रोः
bhrā́troḥ
भ्रातृषु
bhrā́tṛṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Borrowed terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Ardhamagadhi Prakrit: [script needed] (bhāā), [script needed] (bhāi)
  • Maharastri Prakrit: [Term?]
  • Sauraseni Prakrit: [script needed] (bhāā), [script needed] (bhāi)