phral

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Balkan Romani[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Romani phral, from Sanskrit भ्रातृ (bhrā́tṛ), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *bʰráHtā, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *bʰráHtā, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr. Cognate with English brother.

Noun[edit]

phral m

  1. (Bugurdži, Crimea, Kosovo Arli, Macedonian Arli, Sepečides, Sofia Erli, Ursari) brother

Derived terms[edit]

Carpathian Romani[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • pral (Gurvari, Hungarian Vend, Romungro)

Etymology[edit]

From Romani phral, from Sanskrit भ्रातृ (bhrā́tṛ), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *bʰráHtā, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *bʰráHtā, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr. Cognate with English brother.

Noun[edit]

phral m

  1. (Burgenland, East Slovakia, Gurvari, Prekmurski, Veršend) brother
    Synonym: (Veršend) gulo phral

Derived terms[edit]

Romani[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sanskrit भ्रातृ (bhrā́tṛ).[1][2][3] Cognate with English brother.

Noun[edit]

phral m anim (accusative phrales, nominative plural phrala, accusative plural phralen)

  1. brother[2][3][4][5][6]
    Coordinate term: phen

Declension[edit]

This noun needs an inflection-table template.




Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “bhrāˊtr̥”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press, page 552
  2. 2.0 2.1 Boretzky, Norbert; Igla, Birgit (1994), “phral”, in Wörterbuch Romani-Deutsch-Englisch für den südosteuropäischen Raum : mit einer Grammatik der Dialektvarianten [Romani-German-English dictionary for the Southern European region] (in German), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, →ISBN, page 237a
  3. 3.0 3.1 Yaron Matras (2002), “Historical and linguistic origins”, in Romani: A Linguistic Introduction[1], Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 39
  4. ^ Milena Hübschmannová (January 2001), “Phral (Brother)”, in ROMBASE Cultural Database[2], Prague, archived from the original on 2021-10-19
  5. ^ Marcel Courthiade (2009), “o phral, -es m. -a, -en”, in Melinda Rézműves, editor, Morri angluni rromane ćhibǎqi evroputni lavustik = Első rromani nyelvű európai szótáram : cigány, magyar, angol, francia, spanyol, német, ukrán, román, horvát, szlovák, görög [My First European-Romani Dictionary: Romani, Hungarian, English, French, Spanish, German, Ukrainian, Romanian, Croatian, Slovak, Greek] (in Hungarian; English), Budapest: Fővárosi Onkormányzat Cigány Ház--Romano Kher, →ISBN, page 297a
  6. ^ Yūsuke Sumi (2018) ニューエクスプレスプラス ロマ(ジプシー)語 [New Express Plus Romani (Gypsy)] (in Japanese), Tokyo: Hakusuisha, published 2021, →ISBN, →OCLC, page 154a

Sinte Romani[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Romani phral, from Sanskrit भ्रातृ (bhrā́tṛ), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *bʰráHtā, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *bʰráHtā, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr. Cognate with English brother.

Noun[edit]

phral m

  1. brother
  2. comrade

Derived terms[edit]

Vlax Romani[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • pral (Kalderaš, Lovara)

Etymology[edit]

From Romani phral, from Sanskrit भ्रातृ (bhrā́tṛ), from Proto-Indo-Aryan *bʰráHtā, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *bʰráHtā, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰréh₂tēr. Cognate with English brother.

Noun[edit]

phral m

  1. (Banatiski Gurbet, Gurbet, Kalderaš, Lovara, Macedonian Džambazi, Sremski Gurbet) brother
    1. (Sremski Gurbet) stepbrother
  2. (Gurbet, Macedonian Džambazi) fellow man (also for a peer or friend)

Derived terms[edit]