क्या

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀓𑀺𑀁 (kiṃ), 𑀓𑀺 (ki), from Sanskrit किम् (kim, what, which). Compare Punjabi ਕੀ (), Gujarati કિયું (kiyũ), Marathi की (), Bengali কি (ki), Assamese কি (ki).

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

क्या (kyā) (Urdu spelling کیا‎)

  1. initial interrogative particle
    क्या आपको कुछ पिएंगे?kyā āpko kuch pieṅge?Would you like anything to drink?

Usage notes[edit]

In this usage, it does not have a direct translation as a word in English, it simply makes a statement into a question.

Example:
क्या आप यहाँ रहते हैं?
kyā āp yahā̃ rahte haĩ?
Do you live here?" or "[Question marker] Do you here live (is)?" in literal order.

Pronoun[edit]

क्या (kyām, f (Urdu spelling کیا‎)

  1. (interrogative) what?
    आम का दाम क्या है?
    ām kā dām kyā hai?
    What is the price of mangos?
    क्या हुआ?kyā huā?What happened?
  2. (rhetorical) such, what, how
    क्या गाता है यह!kyā gātā hai yah!Such [finely] he sings!
    क्या जानेkyā jānewho knows

Declension[edit]

Declension of क्या
dir. sg. क्या (kyā)
dir. pl. क्या (kyā)
singular plural
direct क्या (kyā) क्या (kyā)
indirect किस (kis) किन (kin)
ergative किसने (kisne) - (-)
genitive किसका (kiskā) किनका (kinkā)
dative किसे (kise), किसको (kisko) किनको (kinko)

References[edit]

  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993), “क्या”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press
  • Platts, John T. (1884), “क्या”, in A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English, London: W. H. Allen & co.
  • Turner, Ralph Lilley (1969–1985), “kím (3164)”, in A Comparative Dictionary of the Indo-Aryan Languages, London: Oxford University Press