यह

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Braj[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

यह (yah)

  1. this
    • Sūrdās, Sūrsāgar 30.1:
      इहिं बँसुरी सखि सबै चुरायौ
      ihĩ bãsurī sakhi sabai curāyau
      • 1991 translation by Rupert Snell
        this flute, friend, has stolen everything
  2. he, she, it (proximal)

Alternative forms[edit]


Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old Hindi यहु (yahu), from Sauraseni Apabhramsa एहु m (ehu), एह f (eha), from Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀏𑀲𑁄 m (eso), 𑀏𑀲𑀸 f (esā), from Sanskrit एषः m (eṣaḥ), एषा f (eṣā).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /jəɦ/
    • (colloquial) (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /jeː/
  • (file)

Pronoun[edit]

यह (yah) (Urdu spelling یہ‎)

  1. (proximal) this one; he; she; it (proximal third person singular personal pronoun)
    यह कौन है?yah kaun hai?Who is this [person]?

Coordinate terms[edit]

Determiner[edit]

यह (yah) (Urdu spelling یہ‎)

  1. this
    यह मकान बहुत बड़ा है।yah makān bahut baṛā hai.This house is large.

Inflection[edit]

Declension of यह
dir. sg. यह (yah)
dir. pl. ये (ye)
singular plural
direct यह (yah) ये (ye)
indirect इस (is) इन (in)
ergative इसने (isne) इन्होंने (inhõne)
genitive इसका (iskā) इनका (inkā)
dative इसे (ise), इसको (isko) इन्हें (inhẽ)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Oberlies, Thomas (2005) A Historical Grammar of Hindi, Grazer Vergleichende Arbeiten, →ISBN, page 22

Further reading[edit]