आप

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit आत्मन् ‎(ātman).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

आप ‎(āp) ‎(Urdu spelling آپ)

  1. you (formal, polite and grammatically plural)
  2. your Honor, your worship (reverential usage, see Usage Notes)

Declension[edit]

Declension of आप
direct आप (āp)
indirect आप (āp)
ergative आपने (āpne)
genitive आपका (āpkā)
dative आपको (āpko)

Usage notes[edit]

  • आप ‎(āp) is the most formal way of expressing "you" in Hindi and is used when addressing elders or those higher in social status. Because less formal forms could offend others, आप ‎(āp) is the safest way to express "you" unless there is reason to be less formal.
  • Because आप ‎(āp) is grammatically plural (adjectives and verbs etc affected by it take their plural forms) even when there is only one person being referred to, the term आप लोग ‎(āp log) (literally: you people) can be used to specify that more than one person is being referred to because of T-V distinction.

See also[edit]

  • तुम ‎(tum) (mid level formality, grammatically plural)
  • तू ‎() (complete lack of human formality, grammatically singular)

References[edit]

  • John T. Platts (accessed 07-31-2012), “A Dictionary of Urdu, Classical Hindi, and English”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[1]

Pali[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

आप ?

  1. water