Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: अप, अपि, and अपी



From Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hap-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ep-. Cognate with Avestan 𐬀𐬞 (ap), Old Persian 𐎠𐎱𐎡𐎹𐎠 (apiyā, into the water), Tocharian B āp (water), Hittite 𒄩𒉺𒀀 (ḫa-pa-a, towards the river).


अप् (ápf

  1. Water, as a substance, in its various bodies, and as divinities.
    Synonyms: जल (jala), पानीय (pānīya), तोय (toya), उदक (udaka)
  2. Air, the intermediate region bearing clouds and rain.
  3. (astronomy) The star δ Virginis in Virgo.

Usage notes[edit]

In Vedic Sanskrit, used both in singular and in plural; in the classical language, only in plural.


Declension of अप्
Nom. sg. - (-)
Gen. sg. - (-)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative - (-) - (-) आपः (āpaḥ) (āpaḥ (āpaḥ))
Vocative - (-) - (-) आपः (āpaḥ) (āpaḥ (āpaḥ))
Accusative - (-) - (-) अपः (apaḥ) (apaḥ (apaḥ))
Instrumental - (-) - (-) अद्भिः (adbhiḥ) (adbhiḥ (adbhiḥ))
Dative - (-) - (-) अद्भ्यः (adbhyaḥ) (adbhyaḥ (adbhyaḥ))
Ablative - (-) - (-) अद्भ्यः (adbhyaḥ) (adbhyaḥ (adbhyaḥ))
Genitive - (-) - (-) अपाम् (apām) (apām (apām))
Locative - (-) - (-) अप्सु (apsu) (apsu (apsu))

Derived terms[edit]


  • Monier Monier-Williams (accessed 4 Feb 2008), “Sanskrit-English Dictionary”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[1]
  • V.S. Apte (accessed 26 Aug 2014), “The Practical Sanskirt–English Dictionary”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[2]