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See also: अप, अपि, and अपी



From Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hap-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ep-. Cognate with Avestan 𐬀𐬞(ap), Old Persian 𐎠𐎱𐎡𐎹𐎠(apiyā, into the water), Tocharian B āp(water), Hittite 𒄩𒉺𒀀(ḫa-pa-a, towards the river).


अप् (ápf

  1. Water, as a substance, in its various bodies, and as divinities.
  2. Air, the intermediate region bearing clouds and rain.
  3. (astronomy) The star δ Virginis in Virgo.

Derived terms[edit]


Declension of अप्
Nom. sg. -(-)
Gen. sg. -(-)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative -(-) -(-) आपः (āpaḥ)(āpaḥ (āpaḥ))
Vocative -(-) -(-) आपः (āpaḥ)(āpaḥ (āpaḥ))
Accusative -(-) -(-) अपः (apaḥ)(apaḥ (apaḥ))
Instrumental -(-) -(-) अद्भिः (adbhiḥ)(adbhiḥ (adbhiḥ))
Dative -(-) -(-) अद्भ्यः (adbhyaḥ)(adbhyaḥ (adbhyaḥ))
Ablative -(-) -(-) अद्भ्यः (adbhyaḥ)(adbhyaḥ (adbhyaḥ))
Genitive -(-) -(-) अपाम् (apām)(apām (apām))
Locative -(-) -(-) अप्सु (apsu)(apsu (apsu))

Usage notes[edit]

In Vedic Sanskrit, used both in singular and in plural; in the classical language, only in plural.


  • Monier Monier-Williams (accessed 4 Feb 2008), “Sanskrit-English Dictionary”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[1]
  • V.S. Apte (accessed 26 Aug 2014), “The Practical Sanskirt–English Dictionary”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[2]