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See also: अप, अपि, and अपी



From Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hā́pš, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ep-. Cognate with Avestan 𐬀𐬞 (ap), Old Persian 𐎠𐎱𐎡𐎹𐎠 (apiyā, into the water), Tocharian B āp (water), Hittite 𒄩𒉺𒀀 (ḫa-pa-a, towards the river).


  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /ɐ́p/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ɐp/
  • Noun[edit]

    अप् (ápf

    1. water (also personified as a deity)
      Synonyms: जल (jala), पानीय (pānīya), तोय (toya), उदक (udaka)
    2. air
    3. (astronomy) The star δ Virginis in Virgo.

    Usage notes[edit]

    In Vedic Sanskrit, used both in singular and in plural; in Classical Sanskrit, only in plural.


    Declension of अप्
    Nom. sg.
    Gen. sg.
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative आपः (āpaḥ)
    Vocative आपः (āpaḥ)
    Accusative अपः (apaḥ)
    Instrumental अद्भिः (adbhiḥ)
    Dative अद्भ्यः (adbhyaḥ)
    Ablative अद्भ्यः (adbhyaḥ)
    Genitive अपाम् (apām)
    Locative अप्सु (apsu)

    Derived terms[edit]


    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 47