अप्

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Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hap-, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂ep-. Cognate with Avestan 𐬀𐬞 ‎(ap), Old Persian 𐎠𐎱𐎡𐎹𐎠 ‎(apiyā, into the water), Tocharian B āp ‎(water), Hittite 𒄩𒉺𒀀 ‎(ḫa-pa-a, towards the river).

Noun[edit]

अप् ‎(ápf

  1. Water, as a substance, in its various bodies, and as divinities.
  2. Air, the intermediate region bearing clouds and rain.
  3. (astronomy) The star S Virginis in Virgo.

Derived terms[edit]

Declension[edit]

Declension of अप्
Nom. sg. - ‎(-)
Gen. sg. - ‎(-)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative - ‎(-) - ‎(-) आपः (āpaḥ) ‎(āpaḥ (āpaḥ))
Vocative - ‎(-) - ‎(-) आपः (āpaḥ) ‎(āpaḥ (āpaḥ))
Accusative - ‎(-) - ‎(-) अपः (apaḥ) ‎(apaḥ (apaḥ))
Instrumental - ‎(-) - ‎(-) अद्भिः (adbhiḥ) ‎(adbhiḥ (adbhiḥ))
Dative - ‎(-) - ‎(-) अद्भ्यः (adbhyaḥ) ‎(adbhyaḥ (adbhyaḥ))
Ablative - ‎(-) - ‎(-) अद्भ्यः (adbhyaḥ) ‎(adbhyaḥ (adbhyaḥ))
Genitive - ‎(-) - ‎(-) अपाम् (apām) ‎(apām (apām))
Locative - ‎(-) - ‎(-) अप्सु (apsu) ‎(apsu (apsu))

Usage notes[edit]

In Vedic Sanskrit, used both in singular and in plural; in the classical language, only in plural.

References[edit]

  • Monier Monier-Williams (accessed 4 Feb 2008), “Sanskrit-English Dictionary”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[1]
  • V.S. Apte (accessed 26 Aug 2014), “The Practical Sanskirt–English Dictionary”, in (Please provide the title of the work)[2]