Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₂ep-

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Root[edit]

*h₂ep-

  1. water, body of water

Descendants[edit]

  • Tocharian: *āp (water, river)
    • Tocharian A: āp
    • Tocharian B: āp

Derived terms[edit]

  • *h₂ṓp-s ~ *h₂óp-s
    • Indo-Iranian: *Hā́pš (see there for further descendants)
  • *h₂ep-h₃on-
    • Anatolian: *Hebo (river)
      • Hittite: 𒄩𒉺𒀸 (ḫa-pa-aš, river, nom.sg.)
      • Luwian: [script needed] (hāpa), [script needed] (hāpi)
      • Lycian: 𐊜𐊂𐊀 (χba), 𐊜𐊂𐊀𐊆 (χbai, to irrigate)
      • Palaic: [script needed] (hāpna)
    • Celtic: *abū (river) (see there for further descendants)
    • *h₂éph₃n-i-s
  • *h₂ep-sru-
Unsorted formations
  • Albanian: amë (spring, source of spring) (< *abnā)
  • Balto-Slavic:
    • Latvian: upe (brook, river)
    • Lithuanian: ùpė (brook, river)
    • Old Prussian: ape (< *apiā̃)
    • Slavic:
  • Germanic: *apô (water sprite” → “ape, monkey) (possibly) (see there for further descendants)