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According to the traditional explanation a derivation from the root विवेष्टि ‎(√viṣ, to pervade), thus originally meaning "All-pervader" or "Worker".


विष्णु ‎(víṣṇum

  1. Vishnu (RV. etc.)
    • RV 1.154.2a
      पर तद विष्णु सतवते वीर्येण मर्गो न भीमः कुचरो गिरिष्ठाः |
      यस्योरुषु तरिषु विक्रमणेष्वधिक्षियन्ति भुवनानि विश्वा ||
      pra tad viṣṇu stavate vīryeṇa mṛgho na bhīmaḥ kucaro ghiriṣṭhāḥ |
      yasyoruṣu triṣu vikramaṇeṣvadhikṣiyanti bhuvanāni viśvā ||
      For this his mighty deed is Viṣṇu lauded, like some wild beast, dread, prowling, mountain-roaming;
      He within whose three wide-extended paces all living creatures have their habitation.
  2. name of the month चैत्र ‎(caitra) (VarBṛS.)
  3. (with प्राजापत्य ‎(prājāpatya)) name of the author of RV. X, 84
  4. name of a son of Manu Sāvarṇa and Manu Bhautya (MārkP.)
  5. name of the writer of a law-book
  6. name of the father of the 11th अर्हत् ‎(arhat) of the present अवसर्पिणी ‎(avasarpiṇī) (L.)
  7. (also with गणक ‎(gaṇaka), कवि ‎(kavi), दैवज्ञ ‎(daivajña), पण्डित ‎(paṇḍita), भट्ट ‎(bhaṭṭa), मिश्र ‎(miśra), यतीन्द्र ‎(yatī*ndra), वाजपेयिन् ‎(vājapeyin), शास्त्रिन् ‎(śāstrin) etc.) name of various authors and others (Inscr., Cat.)
  8. = अग्नि ‎(agni) (L.)
  9. = वसुदेवता ‎(vasu-devatā) (L.)
  10. = शुद्ध ‎(śuddha) (L.)



विष्णु ‎(víṣṇuf

  1. name of the mother of the 11th अर्हत् ‎(arhat) of the present अवसर्पिणी ‎(avasarpiṇī) (L.)




  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0999