अग्नि

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit अग्नि(agní).

Proper noun[edit]

अग्नि ‎(Agnim ‎(Urdu spelling اگنی)

  1. Agni, Hindu deity of fire

Noun[edit]

अग्नि ‎(agnim ‎(Urdu spelling اگنی)

  1. fire

Synonyms[edit]


Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit अग्नि(agní).

Proper noun[edit]

अग्नि ‎(Agnim

  1. Agni, Hindu deity of fire

Noun[edit]

अग्नि ‎(agnim

  1. fire

Nepali[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit अग्नि(agní).

Proper noun[edit]

अग्नि ‎(agni)

  1. Agni, Hindu deity of fire

Noun[edit]

अग्नि ‎(agni)

  1. fire

Synonyms[edit]


Old Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit अग्नि(agni).

Noun[edit]

अग्नि ‎(agnif

  1. fire

Descendants[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *agní, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hagnis, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥gʷnis. Cognate with Latin ignis, possibly Hittite 𒀀𒀝𒉌𒅖(akniš) and Old Church Slavonic огнь(ognĭ) / ⱁⰳⱀⱐ(ognĭ).

Proper noun[edit]

अग्नि ‎(Agní).

  1. Agni, god of fire
    • RV 1.1.1a:
      अग्निमीळे पुरोहितं यज्ञस्य देवं रत्वीजम |
      होतारं रत्नधातमम ||
      agnimīḷe purohitaṃ yajñasya devaṃ ṛtvījam |
      hotāraṃ ratnadhātamam ||
      I Laud Agni, the chosen Priest, God, minister of sacrifice,
      The hotar, lavishest of wealth.

Noun[edit]

अग्नि ‎(agním

  1. fire, sacrificial fire (of three kinds, गार्हपत्य(gārhapatya), आहवनीय(āhavanīya), and दक्षिण(dakṣiṇa))
  2. the number three
  3. the fire of the stomach, digestive faculty, gastric fluid
  4. bile
  5. gold
  6. name of various plants; Semecarpus anacardium, Plumbago zeylanica, Plumbago indica, Citrus aurantifolia
  7. mystical substitute for the letter r
  8. in the कातन्त्र(kātantra) grammar, name of noun-stems ending in i and u

Declension[edit]

Masculine i-stem declension of अग्नि
Nom. sg. अग्निः(agniḥ)
Gen. sg. अग्नेः(agneḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अग्निः(agniḥ) अग्नी(agnī) अग्नयः(agnayaḥ)
Vocative अग्ने(agne) अग्नी(agnī) अग्नयः(agnayaḥ)
Accusative अग्निम्(agnim) अग्नी(agnī) अग्नीन्(agnīn)
Instrumental अग्निना(agninā) अग्निभ्याम्(agnibhyām) अग्निभिः(agnibhiḥ)
Dative अग्नये(agnaye) अग्निभ्याम्(agnibhyām) अग्निभ्यः(agnibhyaḥ)
Ablative अग्नेः(agneḥ) अग्निभ्याम्(agnibhyām) अग्निभ्यः(agnibhyaḥ)
Genitive अग्नेः(agneḥ) अग्न्योः(agnyoḥ) अग्नीनाम्(agnīnām)
Locative अग्नौ(agnau) अग्न्योः(agnyoḥ) अग्निषु(agniṣu)

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0005