अग्नि

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit अग्नि ‎(agní).

Proper noun[edit]

अग्नि ‎(Agnim ‎(Urdu spelling اگنی)

  1. Agni, Hindu deity of fire

Noun[edit]

अग्नि ‎(agnim ‎(Urdu spelling اگنی)

  1. fire

Synonyms[edit]


Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit अग्नि ‎(agní).

Proper noun[edit]

अग्नि ‎(Agnim

  1. Agni, Hindu deity of fire

Noun[edit]

अग्नि ‎(agnim

  1. fire

Nepali[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit अग्नि ‎(agní).

Proper noun[edit]

अग्नि ‎(agni)

  1. Agni, Hindu deity of fire

Noun[edit]

अग्नि ‎(agni)

  1. fire

Synonyms[edit]


Old Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit अग्नि ‎(agni).

Noun[edit]

अग्नि ‎(agnif

  1. fire

Descendants[edit]


Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *agní, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *Hagnis, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥gʷnis. Cognate with Latin ignis, possibly Hittite 𒀀𒀝𒉌𒅖 ‎(akniš) and Old Church Slavonic огнь ‎(ognĭ) / ⱁⰳⱀⱐ ‎(ognĭ).

Proper noun[edit]

अग्नि ‎(Agní).

  1. Agni, god of fire
    • RV 1.1.1a:
      अग्निमीळे पुरोहितं यज्ञस्य देवं रत्वीजम |
      होतारं रत्नधातमम ||
      agnimīḷe purohitaṃ yajñasya devaṃ ṛtvījam |
      hotāraṃ ratnadhātamam ||
      I Laud Agni, the chosen Priest, God, minister of sacrifice,
      The hotar, lavishest of wealth.

Noun[edit]

अग्नि ‎(agním

  1. fire, sacrificial fire (of three kinds, गार्हपत्य ‎(gārhapatya), आहवनीय ‎(āhavanīya), and दक्षिण ‎(dakṣiṇa))
  2. the number three
  3. the fire of the stomach, digestive faculty, gastric fluid
  4. bile
  5. gold
  6. name of various plants; Semecarpus anacardium, Plumbago zeylanica, Plumbago indica, Citrus aurantifolia
  7. mystical substitute for the letter r
  8. in the कातन्त्र ‎(kātantra) grammar, name of noun-stems ending in i and u

Declension[edit]

Masculine i-stem declension of अग्नि
Nom. sg. अग्निः ‎(agniḥ)
Gen. sg. अग्नेः ‎(agneḥ)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative अग्निः ‎(agniḥ) अग्नी ‎(agnī) अग्नयः ‎(agnayaḥ)
Vocative अग्ने ‎(agne) अग्नी ‎(agnī) अग्नयः ‎(agnayaḥ)
Accusative अग्निम् ‎(agnim) अग्नी ‎(agnī) अग्नीन् ‎(agnīn)
Instrumental अग्निना ‎(agninā) अग्निभ्याम् ‎(agnibhyām) अग्निभिः ‎(agnibhiḥ)
Dative अग्नये ‎(agnaye) अग्निभ्याम् ‎(agnibhyām) अग्निभ्यः ‎(agnibhyaḥ)
Ablative अग्नेः ‎(agneḥ) अग्निभ्याम् ‎(agnibhyām) अग्निभ्यः ‎(agnibhyaḥ)
Genitive अग्नेः ‎(agneḥ) अग्न्योः ‎(agnyoḥ) अग्नीनाम् ‎(agnīnām)
Locative अग्नौ ‎(agnau) अग्न्योः ‎(agnyoḥ) अग्निषु ‎(agniṣu)

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0005