ignis

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *egni, *igni, dissimilated from *engni, *ingni, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥gʷnis ‎(fire). Cognate with Sanskrit अग्नि ‎(agní), Hittite 𒀀𒀝𒉌𒅖 ‎(akniš) (an Indo-Iranian borrowing), Old Church Slavonic огнь ‎(ognĭ) and Old Prussian ugnis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈi.ɲis/
  • (file)
  • (classical) IPA(key): /ˈiŋ.nis/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ignis m ‎(genitive ignis); third declension

  1. fire
    • ferro ignique.
      With iron and [with] fire.
    • 29–19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid, 8.420
      striduntque cauernis / stricturae Chalybum et fornacibus ignis anhelat
      Chalybian ores hiss in the caverns, and from the furnace mouths puff the hot-panting fires

Inflection[edit]

Third declension i-stem, alternative ablative singular in -ī and accusative plural in -īs.

Number Singular Plural
nominative ignis ignēs
genitive ignis ignium
dative ignī ignibus
accusative ignem ignēs
ignīs
ablative igne
ignī
ignibus
vocative ignis ignēs

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 297