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  1. masculine plural of igni



From Proto-Italic *əngʷnis, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥gʷnís (fire). Cognate with Sanskrit अग्नि (agní), Hittite 𒀀𒀝𒉌𒅖 (akniš) (an Indo-Iranian borrowing), Old Church Slavonic огнь (ognĭ) and Old Prussian ugnis.


  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈiɡ.nis/, [ˈɪŋnɪs̠]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ˈiɲ.ɲis/, [ˈiɲːis]
  • (file)
  • (file)


ignis m (genitive ignis); third declension

  1. fire
    ferro igniquewith iron and [with] fire
    • 29–19 B.C.E., Virgil, Aeneid, 8.420
      striduntque cavernis / stricturae Chalybum et fornacibus ignis anhelat
      Chalybian ores hiss in the caverns, and from the furnace mouths puff the hot-panting fires
  2. (metonymically) beacon, signal by fire


Third-declension noun (i-stem, ablative singular in -e or occasionally ).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative ignis ignēs
Genitive ignis ignium
Dative ignī ignibus
Accusative ignem ignēs
Ablative igne
Vocative ignis ignēs

Derived terms[edit]



  • ignis”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ignis”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ignis in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • ignis in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to light, make a fire: ignem facere, accendere
    • to set fire to houses: ignem tectis inferre, subicere
    • to take fire: ignem concipere, comprehendere
    • to make up, stir up a fire: ignem excitare (pro Mur. 25. 51)
    • to keep up a fire: ignem alere
    • to perish in the flames: igni cremari, necari
    • to raise an alarm of fire: ignem conclamare
    • the wind spread the conflagration: ventus ignem distulit (B. G. 5. 43)
    • an eruption of Etna: eruptiones ignium Aetnaeorum
    • Vesuvius is discharging flame: Vesuvius evomit (more strongly eructat) ignes
    • to threaten with fire and sword: minitari alicui igni ferroque (Phil. 13. 9. 21)
    • to proscribe a person, declare him an outlaw: aqua et igni interdicere alicui
    • to ravage with fire and sword: omnia ferro ignique, ferro atque igni or ferro flammaque vastare
    • to set fire to the siege-works: ignem inferre operibus (B. C. 2. 14)
  • De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 297