ugnis

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Lithuanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Usually derived from Proto-Balto-Slavic *ungnis, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *ugnis[1], from Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥gʷnis. Cognate with Latin ignis, and Sanskrit अग्नि (agní-, fire, Agni), enabling a comparison with anglìs (coal). The first -n- (as in Italic) would subsequently have been lost through dissimilation.

The expected reflex of Winter's Law would have been blocked by the cluster -nCn-, compare vanduõ (water). However, see Proto-Slavic *vỳgъnjь (forge, hearth) < *uˀgnis.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ugnìs f (plural ugnys) stress pattern 4
(dialectal) ùgnis m (plural ugniai) stress pattern 2

  1. fire

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “uguns”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, page 478

Old Prussian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥gʷnis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ugnis f

  1. fire, conflagration