ugnis

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Lithuanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*h₁engʷ-

Cognate with Latvian uguns, Proto-Slavic *ògnjь (fire). Usually derived, via a Proto-Balto-Slavic pre-form *ungnis, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥gʷnis; cognate with Latin ignis, and Sanskrit अग्नि (agní-, fire, Agni), enabling a comparison with anglìs (coal). The first -n- (as in Italic) would subsequently have been lost through dissimilation.

The expected reflex of Winter's Law would have been blocked by the cluster -nCn-, compare vanduõ (water). However, see Proto-Slavic *vỳgъnjь (forge, hearth) < *uˀgnis.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ugnìs f (plural ugnys) stress pattern 4
(dialectal) ùgnis m (plural ugniai) stress pattern 2

  1. fire

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rick Derksen (2015), Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon, Brill: Leiden-Boston, page 478

Old Prussian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥gʷnis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ugnis f

  1. fire, conflagration