ugnis

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Lithuanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*h₁engʷ-

Usually derived, via a Proto-Balto-Slavic pre-form *ungnis from Proto-Balto-Slavic *ugnis[1], from Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥gʷnis; cognate with Latin ignis, and Sanskrit अग्नि ‎(agní-, fire, Agni), enabling a comparison with anglìs ‎(coal). The first -n- (as in Italic) would subsequently have been lost through dissimilation.

The expected reflex of Winter's Law would have been blocked by the cluster -nCn-, compare vanduõ ‎(water). However, see Proto-Slavic *vỳgъnjь ‎(forge, hearth) < *uˀgnis.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ugnìs f ‎(plural ugnys) stress pattern 4
(dialectal) ùgnis m ‎(plural ugniai) stress pattern 2

  1. fire

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “uguns” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7
  2. ^ Rick Derksen (2015), Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon, Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 478

Old Prussian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁n̥gʷnis.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ugnis f

  1. fire, conflagration