शुद्ध

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit शुद्ध (śuddha), from the root verb शुध् (śudh, to become pure or purified).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ʃʊd̪d̪ʱ/

Adjective[edit]

शुद्ध (śuddh) (indeclinable, Urdu spelling شدھ‎)

  1. pure, unpolluted
    शुद्ध सोना बहुत महंगा है।
    śuddh sonā bahut mahaṅgā hai.
    Pure gold is very expensive.
    परम-शुद्ध पानी मिलने कठिन है।
    param-śuddh pānī milne kaṭhin hai.
    It is difficult to find absolutely pure water.
    Synonym: ख़ालिस (xālis)
  2. correct
    समस्या सुलझाने लिए यह पद्धति शुद्ध नहीं है।
    samasyā suljhāne lie yah paddhati śuddh nahī̃ hai.
    This is not the correct method for solving the problem.
    Synonym: सही (sahī)
    तुम्हारा उच्चारण शुद्ध है।
    tumhārā uccāraṇ śuddh hai.
    Your pronunciation is correct.
  3. net
    आज का शुद्ध लाभ क्या था?āj kā śuddh lābh kyā thā?What was the net profit for today?
  4. (of language) high-register; making use of Sanskrit loanwords
    शुद्ध हिंदीśuddh hindīSanskritized Hindi
    Antonym: ठेठ (ṭheṭh)
  5. (Indian classical music, of ragas) original, to distinguish the raga from other varieties bearing the same name
  6. (Indian classical music, of notes) the natural pitch of a note, to distinguish from the other flavors of that same note

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “शुद्ध”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons.

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Past passive participle from the root शुध् (śudh, to purify; to cleanse; to become pure).

Adjective[edit]

शुद्ध (śuddhá)

  1. pure; clear; clean
    • c. 1 CE – 200 CE, Vimalakīrtinirdeśa 7.1:
      क्लेशगतिं च गच्छति प्रकृतिपरिशुद्धश् च भवत्य् अत्यन्तासंक्लिष्टः ।
      kleśagatiṃ ca gacchati prakṛtipariśuddhaś ca bhavaty atyantāsaṃkliṣṭaḥ .
      He goes the way of kleśa (mental afflictions), and meanwhile he is naturally, fully pure, without the least bit of tarnish.
  2. true; blameless; acquitted
  3. right; free from error; faultless
  4. accurate
  5. simple; unmixed

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of शुद्ध (śuddhá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शुद्धः
śuddháḥ
शुद्धौ
śuddhaú
शुद्धाः / शुद्धासः¹
śuddhā́ḥ / śuddhā́saḥ¹
Vocative शुद्ध
śúddha
शुद्धौ
śúddhau
शुद्धाः / शुद्धासः¹
śúddhāḥ / śúddhāsaḥ¹
Accusative शुद्धम्
śuddhám
शुद्धौ
śuddhaú
शुद्धान्
śuddhā́n
Instrumental शुद्धेन
śuddhéna
शुद्धाभ्याम्
śuddhā́bhyām
शुद्धैः / शुद्धेभिः¹
śuddhaíḥ / śuddhébhiḥ¹
Dative शुद्धाय
śuddhā́ya
शुद्धाभ्याम्
śuddhā́bhyām
शुद्धेभ्यः
śuddhébhyaḥ
Ablative शुद्धात्
śuddhā́t
शुद्धाभ्याम्
śuddhā́bhyām
शुद्धेभ्यः
śuddhébhyaḥ
Genitive शुद्धस्य
śuddhásya
शुद्धयोः
śuddháyoḥ
शुद्धानाम्
śuddhā́nām
Locative शुद्धे
śuddhé
शुद्धयोः
śuddháyoḥ
शुद्धेषु
śuddhéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Feminine ā-stem declension of शुद्धा (śuddhā́)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शुद्धा
śuddhā́
शुद्धे
śuddhé
शुद्धाः
śuddhā́ḥ
Vocative शुद्धे
śúddhe
शुद्धे
śúddhe
शुद्धाः
śúddhāḥ
Accusative शुद्धाम्
śuddhā́m
शुद्धे
śuddhé
शुद्धाः
śuddhā́ḥ
Instrumental शुद्धया / शुद्धा¹
śuddháyā / śuddhā́¹
शुद्धाभ्याम्
śuddhā́bhyām
शुद्धाभिः
śuddhā́bhiḥ
Dative शुद्धायै
śuddhā́yai
शुद्धाभ्याम्
śuddhā́bhyām
शुद्धाभ्यः
śuddhā́bhyaḥ
Ablative शुद्धायाः
śuddhā́yāḥ
शुद्धाभ्याम्
śuddhā́bhyām
शुद्धाभ्यः
śuddhā́bhyaḥ
Genitive शुद्धायाः
śuddhā́yāḥ
शुद्धयोः
śuddháyoḥ
शुद्धानाम्
śuddhā́nām
Locative शुद्धायाम्
śuddhā́yām
शुद्धयोः
śuddháyoḥ
शुद्धासु
śuddhā́su
Notes
  • ¹Vedic
Neuter a-stem declension of शुद्ध (śuddhá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative शुद्धम्
śuddhám
शुद्धे
śuddhé
शुद्धानि / शुद्धा¹
śuddhā́ni / śuddhā́¹
Vocative शुद्ध
śúddha
शुद्धे
śúddhe
शुद्धानि / शुद्धा¹
śúddhāni / śúddhā¹
Accusative शुद्धम्
śuddhám
शुद्धे
śuddhé
शुद्धानि / शुद्धा¹
śuddhā́ni / śuddhā́¹
Instrumental शुद्धेन
śuddhéna
शुद्धाभ्याम्
śuddhā́bhyām
शुद्धैः / शुद्धेभिः¹
śuddhaíḥ / śuddhébhiḥ¹
Dative शुद्धाय
śuddhā́ya
शुद्धाभ्याम्
śuddhā́bhyām
शुद्धेभ्यः
śuddhébhyaḥ
Ablative शुद्धात्
śuddhā́t
शुद्धाभ्याम्
śuddhā́bhyām
शुद्धेभ्यः
śuddhébhyaḥ
Genitive शुद्धस्य
śuddhásya
शुद्धयोः
śuddháyoḥ
शुद्धानाम्
śuddhā́nām
Locative शुद्धे
śuddhé
शुद्धयोः
śuddháyoḥ
शुद्धेषु
śuddhéṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]