शुद्ध

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit शुद्ध (śuddha), from the root verb शुध् (śudh, to become pure or purified).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /ʃʊd̪d̪ʱ/

Adjective[edit]

शुद्ध (śuddh) (indeclinable, Urdu spelling شدھ‎)

  1. pure, unpolluted
    शुद्ध सोना बहुत महंगा है।
    śuddh sonā bahut mahaṅgā hai.
    Pure gold is very expensive.
    परम-शुद्ध पानी मिलने कठिन है।
    param-śuddh pānī milne kaṭhin hai.
    It is difficult to find absolutely pure water.
    Synonym: ख़ालिस (xālis)
  2. correct
    समस्या सुलझाने लिए यह पद्धति शुद्ध नहीं है।
    samasyā suljhāne lie yah paddhati śuddh nahī̃ hai.
    This is not the correct method for solving the problem.
    Synonym: सही (sahī)
    तुम्हारा उच्चारण शुद्ध है।
    tumhārā uccāraṇ śuddh hai.
    Your pronunciation is correct.
  3. net
    आज का शुद्ध लाभ क्या था?āj kā śuddh lābh kyā thā?What was the net profit for today?
  4. (of language) high-register; making use of Sanskrit loanwords
    शुद्ध हिंदीśuddh hindīSanskritized Hindi
    Antonym: ठेठ (ṭheṭh)
  5. (Indian classical music, of ragas) original, to distinguish the raga from other varieties bearing the same name
  6. (Indian classical music, of notes) the natural pitch of a note, to distinguish from the other flavors of that same note

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev, “शुद्ध”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons, 1989

Sanskrit[edit]

Adjective[edit]

शुद्ध (śuddha)

  1. pure, simple, clear, clean
  2. true, blameless, accurate, acquitted
  3. right, free from error, faultless

Descendants[edit]

  • Assamese: শুধ (xudho), শুদা (xuda)