English [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , harneys , harnes , harneis , harnais , from herneis Anglo-Norman and harneis Old French hernois ( “ equipment used in battle ” ), believed to be from Old Norse , from *hernest Old Norse heer ( “ army ” ) + nest ( “ provisions ” ). More at .
Pronunciation [ edit ]
harness ( , countable and uncountable plural )
( countable ) A restraint or support, especially one consisting of a loop or network of rope or straps.
( countable ) A collection of wires or cables bundled and routed according to their function.
( dated , uncountable ) The complete dress, especially in a military sense, of a man or a horse; armour in general.
1606 William Shakespeare, Macbeth, act V, scene V
Ring the alarum-bell! Blow, wind! come, wrack!
At least we'll die with harness on our back. The part of a
loom comprising the heddles, with their means of support and motion, by which the threads of the warp are alternately raised and depressed for the passage of the shuttle. Equipment for any kind of labour.
Alternative forms [ edit ]
Derived terms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
restraint or support
fre (sq) Armenian:
լծասարք (hy) ( lcasarkʿ ) Belarusian:
ву́праж f ( vúpraž ), збру́я f ( zbrúja ) Bulgarian:
хамут m ( hamut ), сбруя (bg) ( sbruja ) Catalan:
arnès (ca) m Chinese:
Mandarin: 挽具 (zh) ( wǎnjù ) Czech:
postroj (cs) m Dutch:
harnas (nl) n Esperanto:
please add this translation if you can Finnish:
valjaat (fi) pl French:
harnais (fr) m Georgian:
აკაზმულობა ( aḳazmuloba ) German:
Geschirr (de) , n Pferdegeschirr , n Gurt (de) , m Anschnallgurt (de) m Greek:
ιπποσκευή (el) f ( ipposkeví ), χάμουρα (el) f ( chámoura ) Hebrew:
רִתְמָה f ( ritmá ) Hungarian:
( for a horse ) lószerszám , (hu) ( for supporting a child ) kantár , (hu) hám , (hu) szíj , (hu) , szíjzat kötélzet , (hu) heveder (hu) Ido:
harneso (io) Irish:
gabháil m Italian:
braca , f imbragatura (it) , f imbrago (it) , m imbracatura (it) f Japanese:
馬具 (ja) ( ばぐ, bagu ) Kazakh:
әбзел ( äbzel ) Khmer:
អស្សាភរណ៍ ( ahsaapʰɔɔ’nəy ) Korean: 마구 (ko) ( magu )
ອານມ້າ ( ʼān mā ), ເຄື່ອງທຽມ ( khư̄ang thīam ) Latin:
capistrum n Manx:
, greienys ( horse harness ) cullee chabbil f Mongolian:
морины тоног ( moriny tonog ) Norman:
graie , f att'lage m Persian:
استام (fa) ( estām ) Plautdietsch:
Säl n Polish:
uprząż (pl) f Portuguese:
arnês (pt) , m arreios m pl Romanian:
ham (ro) , n harnașament (ro) n Russian:
у́пряжь (ru) f ( úprjažʹ ), сбру́я (ru) f ( sbrúja ), упря́жка (ru) f ( uprjážka ), ремни́ (ru) m pl ( remní ) ( e.g. parachute strap ), хому́т (ru) m ( xomút ) ( horse collar ) Serbo-Croatian:
ха̑м , m а̑м m Roman: hȃm (sh) , m ȃm (sh) m Slovak:
postroj m Spanish:
arnés (es) m Swedish:
sele (sv) c ( also figuratively ), seldon n Tagalog:
please add this translation if you can Turkish:
koşum (tr) Ukrainian:
у́пряж f ( úprjaž ), збру́я f ( zbrúja ) Vietnamese:
yên cương Walloon: haerna (wa) m
harness ( third-person singular simple present , harnesses present participle , harnessing simple past and past participle )
( transitive ) To place a harness on something; to tie up or restrain.
They harnessed the horse to the post. 2013 July-August, Henry Petroski, “ Geothermal Energy”, in , volume 101, number 4: American Scientist Ancient nomads, wishing to ward off the evening chill and enjoy a meal around a campfire, had to collect wood and then spend time and effort coaxing the heat of friction out from between sticks to kindle a flame. With more settled people, animals were harnessed to capstans or caged in treadmills to turn grist into meal.
( transitive ) To capture, control or put to use.
Imagine what might happen if it were possible to harness solar energy fully. 2013 August 16, John Vidal, “ Dams endanger ecology of Himalayas”, in , volume 189, number 10, page 8: The Guardian Weekly Most of the Himalayan rivers have been relatively untouched by dams near their sources. Now the two great Asian powers, India and China, are rushing to harness them as they cut through some of the world's deepest valleys. ( transitive ) To equip with armour.
Translations [ edit ]
to place a harness on something
کنترل کردن (fa) Polish:
zaprząc (pl) , pf zaprzęgać , impf ujarzmiać , impf ujarzmić pf Portuguese:
arrear (pt) Romanian:
înhăma (ro) Russian:
запряга́ть (ru) ( zaprjagátʹ ) Sanskrit:
युनक्ति ( yunakti ) Slovene:
arrear (es) Swedish:
sela , (sv) , sela på , spänna för binda (~ to (sv) ) vid ( figuratively ) Tagalog:
, iunsi mag-unsi Turkish:
koşmak (tr) ( transitive ), , koşum takmak koşum geçirmek Ukrainian:
запрягати ( zaprjahaty ) Walloon: ateler , (wa) alaxhî (wa)
See also [ edit ]
Anagrams [ edit ]