구르다

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Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 그울다〮 (Yale: kùwùl-tá). Also attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean 구울다〮 (Yale: kwùwùl-tá).

Ultimately from pre-Middle Korean <*kùpùl(úl)-> or <*kwùpùl(úl)-> (Vovin 2010, p. 157), which seems to be a compound, though likely no longer analyzable. Conservative dialects in southeastern Korea still preserve the /-p-/ in this word. Perhaps related to the ideophone 구불구불 (gubulgubul, meanderingly), and perhaps also to 굽다 (gupda, to be curved), in the sense that curved things (e.g. wheels) roll.

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gureuda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?guleuda
McCune–Reischauer?kurŭda
Yale Romanization?kwuluta

Verb[edit]

Korean verb set
Base 구르다 (gureuda)
Causative굴리다 (gullida)

구르다 (gureuda) (infinitive 굴러, sequential 구르니)

  1. (transitive or intransitive) to roll, to roll over
Conjugation[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

First attested in the Seokbo sangjeol (釋譜詳節 / 석보상절), 1447, as Middle Korean 구르〮다〮 (Yale: kwùlú-tá).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ˈku(ː)ɾɯda̠]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gureuda
Revised Romanization (translit.)?guleuda
McCune–Reischauer?kurŭda
Yale Romanization?kwūluta

Verb[edit]

구르다 (gureuda) (infinitive 굴러, sequential 구르니)

  1. (transitive) to stamp, to pound (one's feet)
    동동 구르다bar-eul dongdong gureudato stamp one's feet nervously
Conjugation[edit]