滅多

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
めつ > めっ
Grade: S

Grade: 2
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with[1][2] and change from[1] earlier めた (meta, thoughtless, rash, immoderate, excessive). Gemination is commonly used in Japanese for emphasis.

This root めた (meta) would appear to be related in some way to synonymous roots めちゃ (mecha), むちゃ (mucha), and むさ (musa).

The kanji are phonetic ateji.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

滅多 (-na inflection, hiragana めった, rōmaji metta)

  1. thoughtless, inconsiderate, excessive
    滅多 (めった)なことを ()うな!
    Metta na koto o iu na!
    Don't say such thoughtless things! → Don't be talking stupid!
  2. rare, infrequent, seldom (when followed by a negative; compare the English construction not + too much)
    ここは滅多 (めった) (ゆき) ()りません。
    Koko wa metta ni yuki wa furimasen.
    It rarely snows here.

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9