겨레

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Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

First attested in the Samgang haengsildo (三綱行實圖 / 삼강행실도), 1511, as Middle Korean 결에 (Yale: kyelGey). From 겯— (gyeot-, “to plait”) + (e).

The original meaning is "descendants from a common forefather" , "a group of people who have a common ancestor".

The sense of "race; nation; people" was a twentieth-century innovation inspired by the nationalistic desire for a non-Sino-Korean equivalent of the Western term "nation".

Pronunciation[edit]

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gyeore
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gyeole
McCune–Reischauer?kyŏre
Yale Romanization?kyeley

Noun[edit]

겨레 (gyeore)

  1. (archaic) kinsmen; relatives
  2. (literary) race; nation; people (generally referring to Koreans)
    겨레 사랑
    gyeore sarang
    fraternity among compatriots
    우리 겨레의 역사
    uri gyeoreui yeoksa
    history of our nation
    말은 겨레의 얼이다.
    Mareun gyeoreui eorida.
    Language is the soul of a nation.
    남북통일은 온 겨레의 염원이다.
    Nambuktong-ireun on gyeoreui yeomwonida.
    Unification of the North and South is the wish of the whole Korean race.
    Synonym: 민족(民族) (minjok, nation)

Derived terms[edit]

  • 겨레말 (gyeoremal, “national language”)
  • 겨레붙이 (gyeorebuchi, “brethren, german, sibling”)
  • 한겨레 (han-gyeore, “(literally) one and the same race”)

See also[edit]

  • 겨드랑이 (gyeodeurang-i, “armpit”)
  • 겨를 (gyeoreul, “free time (after work)”)
  • 겨루다 (gyeoruda, “to compete”)
  • 겨리 (gyeori, “plough drawn by the two yoked draft animals”)
  • (gyeol, “vicinity, layer”)
  • (gyeot, “side, vicinity”)
  • (kyeo, “layer, ply”)
  • 켤레 (kyeolle, “pair, conjugation”)
  • 띠앗 (ttiat, “brotherhood, fraternity, fellowship”)