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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 142 +15, 21 strokes, cangjie input 中戈女女女 (LIVVV), four-corner 52116, composition)

  1. wax
  2. candle
  3. waxy, glazed

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1101, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33786
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1565, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2903, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+881F

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑp̚/ /lɑp̚/ /lɑp̚/ /lɑp̚/ /lap̚/ /lɑp̚/ /lɑp̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ lap › /*k.rˤap (no pre-Qín exx.)/ wax

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8144 1 /*raːb/

Definitions[edit]

  1. wax
  2. candle
  3. light yellow

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. wax
  2. candle
  3. waxy
  4. glazed

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(rap>nap) (hangeul >, revised rap>nap, McCune-Reischauer rap>nap, Yale lap>nap)

  1. wax
  2. candle

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(lạp)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

  • Nôm: lạp , rệp, sáp

References[edit]

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999