gumi

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Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɡumi]
  • Hyphenation: gu‧mi
  • Rhymes: -mi

Noun[edit]

gumi (plural gumik)

  1. rubber, gum (as a material)
  2. tyre, tire
    Synonym: autógumi
  3. (colloquial) rubber (US), condom
    Synonym: óvszer
  4. (rare, dated) eraser, rubber (GB)
    Synonyms: radír, (rare, dated) radírgumi

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative gumi gumik
accusative gumit gumikat
dative guminak gumiknak
instrumental gumival gumikkal
causal-final gumiért gumikért
translative gumivá gumikká
terminative gumiig gumikig
essive-formal gumiként gumikként
essive-modal
inessive gumiban gumikban
superessive gumin gumikon
adessive guminál gumiknál
illative gumiba gumikba
sublative gumira gumikra
allative gumihoz gumikhoz
elative gumiból gumikból
delative gumiról gumikról
ablative gumitól gumiktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
gumié gumiké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
gumiéi gumikéi
Possessive forms of gumi
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. gumim gumijaim
2nd person sing. gumid gumijaid
3rd person sing. gumija gumijai
1st person plural gumink gumijaink
2nd person plural gumitok gumijaitok
3rd person plural gumijuk gumijaik

Derived terms[edit]

Compound words

Further reading[edit]

  • gumi in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse gumi (poetic: a man) from the Proto-Germanic *gumô, originally from the Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰm̥mō. Germanic cognates include Old Saxon gumo, Old High German gumo, Norwegian gume, Gothic 𐌲𐌿𐌼𐌰. The Indo-European root is also the source of Latin homo, Baltic *žmo- (Lithuanian žmōgùs).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

gumi m (genitive singular guma, nominative plural gumar or gumnar)

  1. (poetic, in prose) a man
    • Nú er sumar by Steingrímur Thorsteinsson
      Nú er sumar,
      gleðjist gumar,
      gaman er í dag.
      Brosi veröld víða,
      veðurlagsins blíða.
      Eykur yndishag. Eykur yndishag.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Appears (scarcely) in prose for alliterative purposes. The usual term for a man is maður.

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

gumi

  1. Rōmaji transcription of グミ

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *gumô, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰm̥mō.

Noun[edit]

gumi m (genitive guma, plural gumar or gumnar)

  1. (poetic) a man

Usage notes[edit]

  • Rarely appears in prose for alliteration:
    Guðs hús ok guma
    the house of God and of men

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Danish: brudgom
  • Icelandic: gumi
  • Norwegian: gume
  • Swedish: brudgum
  • Westrobothnian: breurgåme, breurgåm

References[edit]

  • gumi”, in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Shona[edit]

Shona cardinal numbers
 <  9 10
    Cardinal : gumi

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Bantu *ìkʊ́mì.

Noun[edit]

gúmí class 5 (plural makúmí class 6)

  1. ten

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *gumi (moustache, beard). Compare Malay kumis.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: gu‧mi
  • IPA(key): /ɡuˈmi/, [ɡʊˈmi]
  • IPA(key): /ˈɡumi/, [ˈɡʊ.mɪ]

Noun[edit]

gumi or gumí (Baybayin spelling ᜄᜓᜋᜒ)

  1. (obsolete) beard
    Synonyms: balbas, bungot, (obsolete) baang
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: gu‧mi
  • IPA(key): /ɡuˈmi/, [ɡʊˈmi]

Noun[edit]

gumí (Baybayin spelling ᜄᜓᜋᜒ)

  1. weed that grows in cultivated fields and seedbeds
Derived terms[edit]

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Gummi.

Noun[edit]

gumi

  1. rubber
  2. condom

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]