bearded

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈbɪədɪd/, /ˈbɪədəd/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈbɪɹdəd/, /ˈbiɚdəd/

Etymology 1[edit]

From beard +‎ -ed.

Verb[edit]

bearded

  1. simple past tense and past participle of beard

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English berded, from Old English ġebearded, ġebeardede, ġebierd, ġebierde (bearded), from Proto-Germanic *bardidaz (bearded), equivalent to beard +‎ -ed. Cognate with Dutch bebaarde (bearded), Middle Low German bārt (bearded), archaic German gebartet (bearded).

Adjective[edit]

bearded (comparative more bearded, superlative most bearded)

  1. Having a beard; involving a beard.
    • c. 1603, William Shakespeare, Othello, Act IV, Scene 1, [1]
      Good sir, be a man: / Think every bearded fellow that's but yoked / May draw with you:
    • 1693, Juvenal, The Satyrs, translated by John Dryden and others, London: J. Tonson, 1735, 6th edition, Satyr VI, p. 80, [2]
      There are who in soft Eunuchs place their Bliss; / To shun the Scrubbing of a bearded Kiss, / And 'scape Abortion; but their solid Joy / Is when the Page, already past a Boy, / Is Capon'd late; and to the Gelder shown, / With his two Pounders to Perfection grown. / When all the Navel string cou'd give, appears; / All but the Beard, and that's the Barber's loss, not theirs.
    • 1899 September – 1900 July, Joseph Conrad, chapter XII, in Lord Jim: A Tale, Edinburgh; London: William Blackwood and Sons, published 1900, OCLC 8754022, page 160:
      He made us laugh till we cried, and, not altogether displeased at the effect, undersized and bearded to the waist like a gnome, he would tiptoe amongst us and say, 'It's all very well for you beggars to laugh, but my immortal soul was shrivelled down to the size of a parched pea after a week of that work.'
  2. Having a fringe or appendage resembling a beard in some way (often followed by with).
    • 1847, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Evangeline: A Tale of Acadie, lines 1-3, [3]
      This is the forest primeval. The murmuring pines and the hemlocks, / Bearded with moss, and in garments green, indistinct in the twilight, / Stand like Druids of eld [...]
    • 1881, Oscar Wilde, "Panthea" in Poems, Boston: Roberts Brothers, p. 182, [4]
      [...] but the joyous sea / Shall be our raiment, and the bearded star / Shoot arrows at our pleasure!
    • 1894, A. E., "On a Hill-Top" in Homeward: Songs by the Way, London: John Lane, 1901, p. 42, [5]
      Bearded with dewy grass the mountains thrust / Their blackness high into the still grey light,
  3. (Of an axe) having the lower portion of the axehead extending the cutting edge significantly below the width of the butt, thus providing a wide cutting surface while keeping overall weight low.
  4. (in combination) Having a beard (or similar appendage) of a specified type.
    • c. 1606, William Shakespeare, Antony and Cleopatra, Act I, Scene 1, [6]
      [...] who knows / If the scarce-bearded Caesar have not sent / His powerful mandate to you, ‘Do this, or this; Take in that kingdom, and enfranchise that; / Perform 't, or else we damn thee.’
    • 1855, Matthew Arnold, Balder Dead, Part II, lines 55-7, in The Poems of Matthew Arnold, 1840-1867, Oxford University Press, 1909, p. 248, [7]
      [...] for with his hammer Thor / Smote 'mid the rocks the lichen-bearded pines / And burst their roots [...]
    • 1951, C. S. Lewis, Prince Caspian, Collins, 1998, Chapter 11,
      Down below that in the Great River, now at its coldest hour, the heads and shoulders of the nymphs, and the great weedy-bearded head of the river-god, rose from the water.
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Noun[edit]

bearded (plural beardeds)

  1. (informal, botany, horticulture) A bearded iris.
    • 2017, Barbara W. Ellis, “Iris: Irises”, in Taylor's Guide to Growing North America's Favorite Plants: Proven Perennials, Annuals, Flowering Trees, Shrubs, & Vines for Every Garden, New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin Company, →ISBN, page 181:
      The herbaceous perennial irises benefit from at least one feeding a year in early spring as growth begins. Siberian and Japanese irises appreciate a second feeding just as the flowers fade. Beardeds do best with a second feeding in late summer.

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