alus

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English[edit]

Noun[edit]

alus

  1. plural of alu

Anagrams[edit]


Balinese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

alus

  1. Romanization of ᬳᬮᬸᬲ᭄

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ala- +‎ -us.

Noun[edit]

alus (genitive aluse, partitive alust)

  1. base, bottom (something on which an object stands or is attached to)
    Samba alus on graniidist.The base of the statue is made of granite.
  2. foundation, base, fundamental (in an abstract sense)
    Programmeerimise alused.Fundamentals of programming.
  3. watercraft, vessel
  4. (grammar) subject
  5. (chemistry) base
    Tugevaid aluseid nimetatakse leelisteks.Strong bases are called alkali.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From al +‎ -us.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑlus/, [ˈɑlus̠]
  • Rhymes: -ɑlus
  • Syllabification: a‧lus

Noun[edit]

alus

  1. vessel, craft, ship (vehicle designed for navigation in or on water or air or through outer space)
    Synonym: laiva
  2. underlay, base (anything underlaid)
    Synonyms: alunen, alusta
  3. (grammar, dated) subject
    Synonym: subjekti

Declension[edit]

Inflection of alus (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative alus alukset
genitive aluksen alusten
aluksien
partitive alusta aluksia
illative alukseen aluksiin
singular plural
nominative alus alukset
accusative nom. alus alukset
gen. aluksen
genitive aluksen alusten
aluksien
partitive alusta aluksia
inessive aluksessa aluksissa
elative aluksesta aluksista
illative alukseen aluksiin
adessive aluksella aluksilla
ablative alukselta aluksilta
allative alukselle aluksille
essive aluksena aluksina
translative alukseksi aluksiksi
instructive aluksin
abessive aluksetta aluksitta
comitative aluksineen
Possessive forms of alus (type vastaus)
possessor singular plural
1st person alukseni aluksemme
2nd person aluksesi aluksenne
3rd person aluksensa

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 alus on Latvian Wikipedia
Alus

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *álu, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂elut- (bitter). A minority view considers the Latvian and Lithuanian terms to be ultimately borrowings from Germanic, via Old Prussian. Cognates include Lithuanian alùs, Old Prussian alu (honey drink), Old East Slavic олъ (olŭ, strong drink), Bulgarian олови́на (olovína, beer yeast), Slovene ôl (beer)|ol, Old English ealu, alu, English ale, Old Norse ǫl (beer; feast), Ancient Greek ἀλύδοιμος (alúdoimos, bitter).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [alus]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

alus m (3rd declension)

  1. beer (alcoholic beverage usually made with barley malt and hops)
    gaišais aluslager (literally, “light beer”)
    tumšais alusdark beer
    mājas alushome beer
    amatnieku aluscraft beer
    medalushoney beer
    alus mucabeer barrel, keg
    alus kaussbeer mug
    alus darītavabrewery (literally, “beer making place”)
    alus rūpniecībabeer industry
    darīt, vārīt aluto make (literally, “to do”), to brew (literally, “to boil”) beer
    Jāņiem tika brūvēts alus, un nu staigāja no mutes uz muti liela, zaļa māla krūze, putām pārsegta, rūgteni smaržīga dzēriena pilna
    in midsummer beer was brewed, and then a big, green clay jug went from mouth to mouth, covered with foam and full of (that) bitter, aromatic drink

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “alus”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, →ISBN

Lithuanian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 alus on Lithuanian Wikipedia
Alus

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Balto-Slavic *álu, from Proto-Indo-European *h₂elut-.[1]

Cognate with Latvian alus (beer), Old Prussian alu (beer), and Proto-Slavic *ȍlъ (beer).[1][2][3]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

alùs m (plural ãlūs) stress pattern 4

  1. beer

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Derksen, Rick (2015), “alus”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 53
  2. ^ alus”, in Lietuvių kalbos etimologinio žodyno duomenų bazė [Lithuanian etymological dictionary database], 2007–2012
  3. ^ alùs” in Hock et al., Altlitauisches etymologisches Wörterbuch 2.0 (online, 2020–); p. 26 in ALEW 1.1 (online, 2019).

Further reading[edit]

  • alus”, in Lietuvių kalbos žodynas [Dictionary of the Lithuanian language], lkz.lt, 1941–2021
  • alus”, in Dabartinės lietuvių kalbos žodynas [Dictionary of contemporary Lithuanian], ekalba.lt, 1954–2021

Ternate[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Malay halus or Javanese ꦲꦭꦸꦱ꧀ (alus).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

alus

  1. (stative) to be smooth
  2. (stative) to be polite
  3. (stative) to be refined (culturally)

References[edit]

  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh