sula

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Balinese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

sula

  1. Romanization of ᬲᬸᬮ
  2. Romanization of ᬰᬹᬮ

Bikol Central[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /suˈla/, [suˈl̪a]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: su‧la

Noun[edit]

sulá (Basahan spelling ᜐᜓᜎ)

  1. a glare; a dazzle; a strong blinding light
    Synonyms: silaw, suriaw

Derived terms[edit]

Cebuano[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: su‧la
  • IPA(key): /suˈlaʔ/, [s̪ʊˈl̪aʔ]

Noun[edit]

sulâ (Badlit spelling ᜐᜓᜎ)

  1. viand
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Inherited from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *sulah.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: su‧la
  • IPA(key): /suˈla/, [s̪ʊˈl̪a]

Noun[edit]

sulá (Badlit spelling ᜐᜓᜎ)

  1. blade of a leaf
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Dupaningan Agta[edit]

Noun[edit]

sula

  1. cigarette

Finnish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *sula, from Proto-Finno-Ugric *sula, cognate with Estonian sula. More distant cognates include Moksha соламс (solams), Komi-Permyak сывны (syvny), Udmurt сыл-сыл (syl-syl), Hungarian olvad and Khanty тӑтә (tătə).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsulɑ/, [ˈs̠ulɑ̝]
  • Rhymes: -ulɑ
  • Syllabification(key): su‧la

Adjective[edit]

sula (comparative sulempi, superlative sulin)

  1. molten, melted
  2. (of bodies of water) not covered in ice, not frozen, thawed
  3. (intensifier) sheer, pure, outright, utter
    sula mahdottomuusan utter impossibility
    se oli sulaa hulluuttait was pure madness
Declension[edit]
Inflection of sula (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative sula sulat
genitive sulan sulien
partitive sulaa sulia
illative sulaan suliin
singular plural
nominative sula sulat
accusative nom. sula sulat
gen. sulan
genitive sulan sulien
sulainrare
partitive sulaa sulia
inessive sulassa sulissa
elative sulasta sulista
illative sulaan suliin
adessive sulalla sulilla
ablative sulalta sulilta
allative sulalle sulille
essive sulana sulina
translative sulaksi suliksi
abessive sulatta sulitta
instructive sulin
comitative suline
Possessive forms of sula (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
Rare. Only used with substantive adjectives.
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative sulani sulani
accusative nom. sulani sulani
gen. sulani
genitive sulani sulieni
sulainirare
partitive sulaani suliani
inessive sulassani sulissani
elative sulastani sulistani
illative sulaani suliini
adessive sulallani sulillani
ablative sulaltani suliltani
allative sulalleni sulilleni
essive sulanani sulinani
translative sulakseni sulikseni
abessive sulattani sulittani
instructive
comitative sulineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative sulasi sulasi
accusative nom. sulasi sulasi
gen. sulasi
genitive sulasi suliesi
sulaisirare
partitive sulaasi suliasi
inessive sulassasi sulissasi
elative sulastasi sulistasi
illative sulaasi suliisi
adessive sulallasi sulillasi
ablative sulaltasi suliltasi
allative sulallesi sulillesi
essive sulanasi sulinasi
translative sulaksesi suliksesi
abessive sulattasi sulittasi
instructive
comitative sulinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative sulamme sulamme
accusative nom. sulamme sulamme
gen. sulamme
genitive sulamme suliemme
sulaimmerare
partitive sulaamme suliamme
inessive sulassamme sulissamme
elative sulastamme sulistamme
illative sulaamme suliimme
adessive sulallamme sulillamme
ablative sulaltamme suliltamme
allative sulallemme sulillemme
essive sulanamme sulinamme
translative sulaksemme suliksemme
abessive sulattamme sulittamme
instructive
comitative sulinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative sulanne sulanne
accusative nom. sulanne sulanne
gen. sulanne
genitive sulanne sulienne
sulainnerare
partitive sulaanne sulianne
inessive sulassanne sulissanne
elative sulastanne sulistanne
illative sulaanne suliinne
adessive sulallanne sulillanne
ablative sulaltanne suliltanne
allative sulallenne sulillenne
essive sulananne sulinanne
translative sulaksenne suliksenne
abessive sulattanne sulittanne
instructive
comitative sulinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative sulansa sulansa
accusative nom. sulansa sulansa
gen. sulansa
genitive sulansa suliensa
sulainsarare
partitive sulaansa suliaan
suliansa
inessive sulassaan
sulassansa
sulissaan
sulissansa
elative sulastaan
sulastansa
sulistaan
sulistansa
illative sulaansa suliinsa
adessive sulallaan
sulallansa
sulillaan
sulillansa
ablative sulaltaan
sulaltansa
suliltaan
suliltansa
allative sulalleen
sulallensa
sulilleen
sulillensa
essive sulanaan
sulanansa
sulinaan
sulinansa
translative sulakseen
sulaksensa
sulikseen
suliksensa
abessive sulattaan
sulattansa
sulittaan
sulittansa
instructive
comitative sulineen
sulinensa
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

sula

  1. melt, molten material (any molten substance)
    kivisulamolten rock
    voisulamolten butter
  2. (metallurgy) smelt (any of the various liquids or semi-molten solids produced and used during the course of production of metal in a smelting process that involves melting and chemical reduction of metal compounds into purified metal)
Declension[edit]
Inflection of sula (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
nominative sula sulat
genitive sulan sulien
partitive sulaa sulia
illative sulaan suliin
singular plural
nominative sula sulat
accusative nom. sula sulat
gen. sulan
genitive sulan sulien
sulainrare
partitive sulaa sulia
inessive sulassa sulissa
elative sulasta sulista
illative sulaan suliin
adessive sulalla sulilla
ablative sulalta sulilta
allative sulalle sulille
essive sulana sulina
translative sulaksi suliksi
abessive sulatta sulitta
instructive sulin
comitative See the possessive forms below.
Possessive forms of sula (Kotus type 10/koira, no gradation)
first-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative sulani sulani
accusative nom. sulani sulani
gen. sulani
genitive sulani sulieni
sulainirare
partitive sulaani suliani
inessive sulassani sulissani
elative sulastani sulistani
illative sulaani suliini
adessive sulallani sulillani
ablative sulaltani suliltani
allative sulalleni sulilleni
essive sulanani sulinani
translative sulakseni sulikseni
abessive sulattani sulittani
instructive
comitative sulineni
second-person singular possessor
singular plural
nominative sulasi sulasi
accusative nom. sulasi sulasi
gen. sulasi
genitive sulasi suliesi
sulaisirare
partitive sulaasi suliasi
inessive sulassasi sulissasi
elative sulastasi sulistasi
illative sulaasi suliisi
adessive sulallasi sulillasi
ablative sulaltasi suliltasi
allative sulallesi sulillesi
essive sulanasi sulinasi
translative sulaksesi suliksesi
abessive sulattasi sulittasi
instructive
comitative sulinesi
first-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative sulamme sulamme
accusative nom. sulamme sulamme
gen. sulamme
genitive sulamme suliemme
sulaimmerare
partitive sulaamme suliamme
inessive sulassamme sulissamme
elative sulastamme sulistamme
illative sulaamme suliimme
adessive sulallamme sulillamme
ablative sulaltamme suliltamme
allative sulallemme sulillemme
essive sulanamme sulinamme
translative sulaksemme suliksemme
abessive sulattamme sulittamme
instructive
comitative sulinemme
second-person plural possessor
singular plural
nominative sulanne sulanne
accusative nom. sulanne sulanne
gen. sulanne
genitive sulanne sulienne
sulainnerare
partitive sulaanne sulianne
inessive sulassanne sulissanne
elative sulastanne sulistanne
illative sulaanne suliinne
adessive sulallanne sulillanne
ablative sulaltanne suliltanne
allative sulallenne sulillenne
essive sulananne sulinanne
translative sulaksenne suliksenne
abessive sulattanne sulittanne
instructive
comitative sulinenne
third-person possessor
singular plural
nominative sulansa sulansa
accusative nom. sulansa sulansa
gen. sulansa
genitive sulansa suliensa
sulainsarare
partitive sulaansa suliaan
suliansa
inessive sulassaan
sulassansa
sulissaan
sulissansa
elative sulastaan
sulastansa
sulistaan
sulistansa
illative sulaansa suliinsa
adessive sulallaan
sulallansa
sulillaan
sulillansa
ablative sulaltaan
sulaltansa
suliltaan
suliltansa
allative sulalleen
sulallensa
sulilleen
sulillensa
essive sulanaan
sulanansa
sulinaan
sulinansa
translative sulakseen
sulaksensa
sulikseen
suliksensa
abessive sulattaan
sulattansa
sulittaan
sulittansa
instructive
comitative sulineen
sulinensa
Compounds[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsulɑˣ/, [ˈs̠ulɑ̝(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -ulɑ
  • Syllabification(key): su‧la

Verb[edit]

sula

  1. inflection of sulaa:
    1. present active indicative connegative
    2. second-person singular present imperative
    3. second-person singular present active imperative connegative

Anagrams[edit]

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *sula. Cognates include Finnish sula and Estonian sula.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

sula (comparative sulemp)

  1. molten
Declension[edit]
Declension of sula (type 3/koira, no gradation, gemination)
singular plural
nominative sula sulat
genitive sulan sulliin
partitive sullaa sullia
illative sullaa sullii
inessive sulas sulis
elative sulast sulist
allative sulalle sulille
adessive sulal sulil
ablative sulalt sulilt
translative sulaks suliks
essive sulanna, sullaan sulinna, sulliin
exessive1) sulant sulint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sula

  1. inflection of sullaa:
    1. present indicative connegative
    2. second-person singular imperative
    3. second-person singular imperative connegative

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 549

Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish sul (before) and the relative particle a. sul is a fused form of the conjunction Old Irish resíu (before) and Old Irish ro- (verbal prefix).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

sula (triggers eclipsis on verbs; takes the dependent form of irregular verbs)

  1. before
    Téigh sula ndéanfaidh mé é.
    Go before I do it.
    Sula ndearna mé é, tháinig mé amach.
    Before I did it, I went outside.

Usage notes[edit]

  • Not used with the past tense except with some irregular verbs.

Derived terms[edit]

  • sular (used with the past tense of regular and some irregular verbs)

References[edit]

  1. ^ G. Toner, M. Ní Mhaonaigh, S. Arbuthnot, D. Wodtko, M.-L. Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “sul”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From New Latin, from Old Norse súla.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈsu.la/
  • Rhymes: -ula
  • Hyphenation: sù‧la

Noun[edit]

sula f (plural sule)

  1. gannet or booby

Derived terms[edit]

Latvian[edit]

 sula on Latvian Wikipedia
(Apelsīnu) sula

Pronunciation[edit]

This entry needs an audio pronunciation. If you are a native speaker with a microphone, please record this word. The recorded pronunciation will appear here when it's ready.

Noun[edit]

sula f (4th declension)

  1. juice (liquids found in fruits which people can drink)
    ābolu sulaapple juice
    ogu sulaberry juice
    dārzeņu sulasvegetable juices
    salda sulasweet juice
    sulas ekstraktsjuice extract
  2. (anatomy) (liquids excreted by certain body organs)
    zarnu sulaintestinal juice

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Ludian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *sula.

Adjective[edit]

sula

  1. dear

Miskito[edit]

Noun[edit]

sula

  1. deer

Northern Sami[edit]

Noun[edit]

sula

  1. accusative/genitive singular of sulla

Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Noun[edit]

sula f

  1. definite singular of sule

Sranan Tongo[edit]

Noun[edit]

sula

  1. cataract, rapids
    • 1999, Hillary de Bruin, “Liederen uit de praktijk van de duman [Songs from the Winti priest's practice]”, in OSO. Tijdschrift voor Surinaamse taalkunde, letterkunde en geschiedenis[2], Instituut ter Bevordering van de Surinamistiek, →ISSN, page 152:
      Blesi sa kon bogobogo, Masra pramis' m'anga yu, Lek'wan alen a sa wiki, Kraf' den di bribi fu tru, Sula fu seigi, wan dei sa was' kon na gron, now wan tu dropu de spiti, ma sibibusi sa kon
      Blessing will come abundantly / the Lord promised to me and you / like rainfall it will awaken / strengthen those who truly believe / With cataracts of blessing / one day the ground will be awash / now a few droplets are spitting / but the cloudburst will come

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: soela

Swazi[edit]

Verb[edit]

-súla

  1. to clean, to wipe

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French sole, from Latin solea.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

sula c

  1. a sole of a foot
    Synonym: (more common) fotsula
  2. a sole of a shoe
    Synonyms: skosula, (insole) innersula, (insole acting as a shoe insert) inläggssula
  3. a booby (bird of the Sula genus and/or Sulidae family)

Declension[edit]

Declension of sula 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative sula sulan sulor sulorna
Genitive sulas sulans sulors sulornas

Verb[edit]

sula (present sular, preterite sulade, supine sulat, imperative sula)

  1. to fit a sole to a shoe
  2. (slang) throw a small object with great force

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Tagalog[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Ultimately from Sanskrit चूड (cūḍa, crest; diadem).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: su‧la
  • IPA(key): /ˈsulaʔ/, [ˈsu.lɐʔ]

Noun[edit]

sulà (Baybayin spelling ᜐᜓᜎ)

  1. carbuncle; shiny, bright deep red gem (especially a garnet with a smooth, convex surface)
    Synonym: karbungko
  2. (pathology) carbuncle (inflamed swelling like a boil)
  3. glow at the tip of the tongue of some nocturnal reptiles

Etymology 2[edit]

Ultimately from Sanskrit शूल (śūla, lance; pike). Compare Malay sula (pointed stick).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: su‧la
  • IPA(key): /suˈlaʔ/, [sʊˈlaʔ]

Adjective[edit]

sulâ (Baybayin spelling ᜐᜓᜎ)

  1. impaled
    Synonyms: natuhog, nasula
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • sula”, in Pambansang Diksiyonaryo | Diksiyonaryo.ph, Manila, 2018
  • Potet, Jean-Paul G. (2016) Tagalog Borrowings and Cognates, Lulu Press, →ISBN, page 298

Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Adjective[edit]

sula

  1. dear

Inflection[edit]

Inflection of sula (inflection type 6/kuva)
nominative sing. sula
genitive sing. sulan
partitive sing. sulad
partitive plur. sulid
singular plural
nominative sula sulad
accusative sulan sulad
genitive sulan suliden
partitive sulad sulid
essive-instructive sulan sulin
translative sulaks sulikš
inessive sulas suliš
elative sulaspäi sulišpäi
illative sulaha
sulha
sulihe
adessive sulal sulil
ablative sulalpäi sulilpäi
allative sulale sulile
abessive sulata sulita
comitative sulanke sulidenke
prolative suladme sulidme
approximative I sulanno sulidenno
approximative II sulannoks sulidennoks
egressive sulannopäi sulidennopäi
terminative I sulahasai
sulhasai
sulihesai
terminative II sulalesai sulilesai
terminative III sulassai
additive I sulahapäi
sulhapäi
sulihepäi
additive II sulalepäi sulilepäi

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Votic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *sula.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Luutsa, Liivtšülä) IPA(key): /ˈsulɑ/, [ˈsuɫɑ]
  • Rhymes: -ulɑ
  • Hyphenation: su‧la

Adjective[edit]

sula

  1. thawed
  2. molten
  3. (of a winter or cold weather) warm, mild

Inflection[edit]

Declension of sula (type V/poikõ, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative sula sulad
genitive sula sulijõ, sulii
partitive sulla suliitõ, sulii
illative sullasõ, sulla suliisõ
inessive sulaz suliiz
elative sulassõ suliissõ
allative sulalõ suliilõ
adessive sulallõ suliillõ
ablative sulaltõ suliiltõ
translative sulassi suliissi
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the terminative is formed by adding the suffix -ssaa to the short illative (sg) or the genitive.
***) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka to the genitive.

References[edit]

  • Hallap, V.; Adler, E.; Grünberg, S.; Leppik, M. (2012), “sula”, in Vadja keele sõnaraamat [A dictionary of the Votic language], 2nd edition, Tallinn

Xhosa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb[edit]

-súla

  1. (transitive) to wipe

Inflection[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

Zulu[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Verb[edit]

-súla

  1. (transitive) to dust, to polish, to erase
  2. (transitive) to delete, to erase

Inflection[edit]

Tone H
Infinitive ukusula
Positive Negative
Infinitive ukusula ukungasuli
Imperative
Simple + object concord
Singular sula -sule
Plural sulani -suleni
Present
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyasula, ngisula engisulayo, engisula ngisula angisuli engingasuli ngingasuli
2nd singular uyasula, usula osulayo, osula usula awusuli ongasuli ungasuli
1st plural siyasula, sisula esisulayo, esisula sisula asisuli esingasuli singasuli
2nd plural niyasula, nisula enisulayo, enisula nisula anisuli eningasuli ningasuli
Class 1 uyasula, usula osulayo, osula esula akasuli ongasuli engasuli
Class 2 bayasula, basula abasulayo, abasula besula abasuli abangasuli bengasuli
Class 3 uyasula, usula osulayo, osula usula awusuli ongasuli ungasuli
Class 4 iyasula, isula esulayo, esula isula ayisuli engasuli ingasuli
Class 5 liyasula, lisula elisulayo, elisula lisula alisuli elingasuli lingasuli
Class 6 ayasula, asula asulayo, asula esula awasuli angasuli engasuli
Class 7 siyasula, sisula esisulayo, esisula sisula asisuli esingasuli singasuli
Class 8 ziyasula, zisula ezisulayo, ezisula zisula azisuli ezingasuli zingasuli
Class 9 iyasula, isula esulayo, esula isula ayisuli engasuli ingasuli
Class 10 ziyasula, zisula ezisulayo, ezisula zisula azisuli ezingasuli zingasuli
Class 11 luyasula, lusula olusulayo, olusula lusula alusuli olungasuli lungasuli
Class 14 buyasula, busula obusulayo, obusula busula abusuli obungasuli bungasuli
Class 15 kuyasula, kusula okusulayo, okusula kusula akusuli okungasuli kungasuli
Class 17 kuyasula, kusula okusulayo, okusula kusula akusuli okungasuli kungasuli
Recent past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngisulile, ngisulē engisulile, engisulē ngisulile, ngisulē angisulanga engingasulanga ngingasulanga
2nd singular usulile, usulē osulile, osulē usulile, usulē awusulanga ongasulanga ungasulanga
1st plural sisulile, sisulē esisulile, esisulē sisulile, sisulē asisulanga esingasulanga singasulanga
2nd plural nisulile, nisulē enisulile, enisulē nisulile, nisulē anisulanga eningasulanga ningasulanga
Class 1 usulile, usulē osulile, osulē esulile, esulē akasulanga ongasulanga engasulanga
Class 2 basulile, basulē abasulile, abasulē besulile, besulē abasulanga abangasulanga bengasulanga
Class 3 usulile, usulē osulile, osulē usulile, usulē awusulanga ongasulanga ungasulanga
Class 4 isulile, isulē esulile, esulē isulile, isulē ayisulanga engasulanga ingasulanga
Class 5 lisulile, lisulē elisulile, elisulē lisulile, lisulē alisulanga elingasulanga lingasulanga
Class 6 asulile, asulē asulile, asulē esulile, esulē awasulanga angasulanga engasulanga
Class 7 sisulile, sisulē esisulile, esisulē sisulile, sisulē asisulanga esingasulanga singasulanga
Class 8 zisulile, zisulē ezisulile, ezisulē zisulile, zisulē azisulanga ezingasulanga zingasulanga
Class 9 isulile, isulē esulile, esulē isulile, isulē ayisulanga engasulanga ingasulanga
Class 10 zisulile, zisulē ezisulile, ezisulē zisulile, zisulē azisulanga ezingasulanga zingasulanga
Class 11 lusulile, lusulē olusulile, olusulē lusulile, lusulē alusulanga olungasulanga lungasulanga
Class 14 busulile, busulē obusulile, obusulē busulile, busulē abusulanga obungasulanga bungasulanga
Class 15 kusulile, kusulē okusulile, okusulē kusulile, kusulē akusulanga okungasulanga kungasulanga
Class 17 kusulile, kusulē okusulile, okusulē kusulile, kusulē akusulanga okungasulanga kungasulanga
Remote past
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngāsula engāsula ngāsula angisulanga engingasulanga ngingasulanga
2nd singular wāsula owāsula wāsula awusulanga ongasulanga ungasulanga
1st plural sāsula esāsula sāsula asisulanga esingasulanga singasulanga
2nd plural nāsula enāsula nāsula anisulanga eningasulanga ningasulanga
Class 1 wāsula owāsula āsula akasulanga ongasulanga engasulanga
Class 2 bāsula abāsula bāsula abasulanga abangasulanga bengasulanga
Class 3 wāsula owāsula wāsula awusulanga ongasulanga ungasulanga
Class 4 yāsula eyāsula yāsula ayisulanga engasulanga ingasulanga
Class 5 lāsula elāsula lāsula alisulanga elingasulanga lingasulanga
Class 6 āsula āsula āsula awasulanga angasulanga engasulanga
Class 7 sāsula esāsula sāsula asisulanga esingasulanga singasulanga
Class 8 zāsula ezāsula zāsula azisulanga ezingasulanga zingasulanga
Class 9 yāsula eyāsula yāsula ayisulanga engasulanga ingasulanga
Class 10 zāsula ezāsula zāsula azisulanga ezingasulanga zingasulanga
Class 11 lwāsula olwāsula lwāsula alusulanga olungasulanga lungasulanga
Class 14 bāsula obāsula bāsula abusulanga obungasulanga bungasulanga
Class 15 kwāsula okwāsula kwāsula akusulanga okungasulanga kungasulanga
Class 17 kwāsula okwāsula kwāsula akusulanga okungasulanga kungasulanga
Potential
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngingasula ngingasula ngingesule ngingesule
2nd singular ungasula ungasula ungesule ungesule
1st plural singasula singasula singesule singesule
2nd plural ningasula ningasula ningesule ningesule
Class 1 angasula engasula angesule engesule
Class 2 bangasula bengasula bangesule bengesule
Class 3 ungasula ungasula ungesule ungesule
Class 4 ingasula ingasula ingesule ingesule
Class 5 lingasula lingasula lingesule lingesule
Class 6 angasula engasula angesule engesule
Class 7 singasula singasula singesule singesule
Class 8 zingasula zingasula zingesule zingesule
Class 9 ingasula ingasula ingesule ingesule
Class 10 zingasula zingasula zingesule zingesule
Class 11 lungasula lungasula lungesule lungesule
Class 14 bungasula bungasula bungesule bungesule
Class 15 kungasula kungasula kungesule kungesule
Class 17 kungasula kungasula kungesule kungesule
Immediate future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngizosula engizosula ngizosula angizusula engingezusula ngingezusula
2nd singular uzosula ozosula uzosula awuzusula ongezusula ungezusula
1st plural sizosula esizosula sizosula asizusula esingezusula singezusula
2nd plural nizosula enizosula nizosula anizusula eningezusula ningezusula
Class 1 uzosula ozosula ezosula akazusula ongezusula engezusula
Class 2 bazosula abazosula bezosula abazusula abangezusula bengezusula
Class 3 uzosula ozosula uzosula awuzusula ongezusula ungezusula
Class 4 izosula ezosula izosula ayizusula engezusula ingezusula
Class 5 lizosula elizosula lizosula alizusula elingezusula lingezusula
Class 6 azosula azosula ezosula awazusula angezusula engezusula
Class 7 sizosula esizosula sizosula asizusula esingezusula singezusula
Class 8 zizosula ezizosula zizosula azizusula ezingezusula zingezusula
Class 9 izosula ezosula izosula ayizusula engezusula ingezusula
Class 10 zizosula ezizosula zizosula azizusula ezingezusula zingezusula
Class 11 luzosula oluzosula luzosula aluzusula olungezusula lungezusula
Class 14 buzosula obuzosula buzosula abuzusula obungezusula bungezusula
Class 15 kuzosula okuzosula kuzosula akuzusula okungezusula kungezusula
Class 17 kuzosula okuzosula kuzosula akuzusula okungezusula kungezusula
Remote future
Positive absolute Positive relative Positive participial Negative absolute Negative relative Negative participial
1st singular ngiyosula engiyosula ngiyosula angiyusula engingeyusula ngingeyusula
2nd singular uyosula oyosula uyosula awuyusula ongeyusula ungeyusula
1st plural siyosula esiyosula siyosula asiyusula esingeyusula singeyusula
2nd plural niyosula eniyosula niyosula aniyusula eningeyusula ningeyusula
Class 1 uyosula oyosula eyosula akayusula ongeyusula engeyusula
Class 2 bayosula abayosula beyosula abayusula abangeyusula bengeyusula
Class 3 uyosula oyosula uyosula awuyusula ongeyusula ungeyusula
Class 4 iyosula eyosula iyosula ayiyusula engeyusula ingeyusula
Class 5 liyosula eliyosula liyosula aliyusula elingeyusula lingeyusula
Class 6 ayosula ayosula eyosula awayusula angeyusula engeyusula
Class 7 siyosula esiyosula siyosula asiyusula esingeyusula singeyusula
Class 8 ziyosula eziyosula ziyosula aziyusula ezingeyusula zingeyusula
Class 9 iyosula eyosula iyosula ayiyusula engeyusula ingeyusula
Class 10 ziyosula eziyosula ziyosula aziyusula ezingeyusula zingeyusula
Class 11 luyosula oluyosula luyosula aluyusula olungeyusula lungeyusula
Class 14 buyosula obuyosula buyosula abuyusula obungeyusula bungeyusula
Class 15 kuyosula okuyosula kuyosula akuyusula okungeyusula kungeyusula
Class 17 kuyosula okuyosula kuyosula akuyusula okungeyusula kungeyusula
Present subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngisule ngingasuli
2nd singular usule ungasuli
1st plural sisule singasuli
2nd plural nisule ningasuli
Class 1 asule angasuli
Class 2 basule bangasuli
Class 3 usule ungasuli
Class 4 isule ingasuli
Class 5 lisule lingasuli
Class 6 asule angasuli
Class 7 sisule singasuli
Class 8 zisule zingasuli
Class 9 isule ingasuli
Class 10 zisule zingasuli
Class 11 lusule lungasuli
Class 14 busule bungasuli
Class 15 kusule kungasuli
Class 17 kusule kungasuli
Past subjunctive
Positive Negative
1st singular ngasula ngangasula, angasula, angangasula
2nd singular wasula wangasula, awasula, awangasula
1st plural sasula sangasula, asasula, asangasula
2nd plural nasula nangasula, anasula, anangasula
Class 1 wasula wangasula, akasula, akangasula
Class 2 basula bangasula, abasula, abangasula
Class 3 wasula wangasula, awasula, awangasula
Class 4 yasula yangasula, ayasula, ayangasula
Class 5 lasula langasula, alasula, alangasula
Class 6 asula angasula, awasula, awangasula
Class 7 sasula sangasula, asasula, asangasula
Class 8 zasula zangasula, azasula, azangasula
Class 9 yasula yangasula, ayasula, ayangasula
Class 10 zasula zangasula, azasula, azangasula
Class 11 lwasula lwangasula, alwasula, alwangasula
Class 14 basula bangasula, abasula, abangasula
Class 15 kwasula kwangasula, akwasula, akwangasula
Class 17 kwasula kwangasula, akwasula, akwangasula

References[edit]