akt

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See also: åkt, Akt, and акт

Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology[edit]

From Latin āctus, perfect passive participle of agō (make, do). The nude sense is possibly from German Akt.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

akt m inan

  1. act, deed
    Synonym: čin
  2. act (division of a theatrical performance)
    Synonym: dějství
  3. nude (artwork showing a naked person)

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • akt in Příruční slovník jazyka českého, 1935–1957
  • akt in Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, 1960–1971, 1989

Danish[edit]

Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia da

Etymology[edit]

From two different, but related Latin words: 1. āctus (act, performance), a noun derived from the verb agō (make, do), and 2. ācta (documents), the neuter plural of the past participle of the same verb.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

akt c (singular definite akten, plural indefinite akter)

  1. act, file (formal or official record)
  2. act (division of theatrical performance)
  3. nude, artwork of a naked person
  4. (formal) act

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Estonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

akt (genitive akti, partitive akti)

  1. act, doing
  2. act (an official document)
  3. (art) a portrayal of the naked body; a nude

Declension[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare German Akt.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

akt (plural aktok)

  1. nude (figure)

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative akt aktok
accusative aktot aktokat
dative aktnak aktoknak
instrumental akttal aktokkal
causal-final aktért aktokért
translative akttá aktokká
terminative aktig aktokig
essive-formal aktként aktokként
essive-modal
inessive aktban aktokban
superessive akton aktokon
adessive aktnál aktoknál
illative aktba aktokba
sublative aktra aktokra
allative akthoz aktokhoz
elative aktból aktokból
delative aktról aktokról
ablative akttól aktoktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
akté aktoké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
aktéi aktokéi
Possessive forms of akt
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. aktom aktjaim
2nd person sing. aktod aktjaid
3rd person sing. aktja aktjai
1st person plural aktunk aktjaink
2nd person plural aktotok aktjaitok
3rd person plural aktjuk aktjaik

Further reading[edit]

  • akt in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • akt in Ittzés, Nóra (ed.). A magyar nyelv nagyszótára (’A Comprehensive Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 2006–2031 (work in progress; published A–ez as of 2022)

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb
Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb
Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb
Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb
Pencil drawing of woman, posing as a nude model.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /akt/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -akt
  • Hyphenation: akt

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin āctus (act, action; performance), perfect passive participle of agō (I make, do), from Proto-Italic *agō (drive, push; do, act), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éǵeti (to be driving), from *h₂eǵ- (to drive).

Noun[edit]

akt f or m (definite singular akta or akten, indefinite plural akter, definite plural aktene)

  1. a solemn occurrence; a ceremony (an official gathering to celebrate, commemorate, or otherwise mark some event)
    • 2001 May 21, Aftenposten, page 22:
      den høytidelige akten [på Akershus festning 1945] beseglet den ufravikelige seieren over naziveldet
      the solemn act [at Akershus Fortress 1945] sealed the inevitable victory over the Nazi regime
    Akten fant sted i Domkirken.
    The act took place in the Cathedral.
    1. (obsolete) an action, task (a piece of work done as part of one’s duties)
      • 1858, Nicolai Ramm Østgaard, Fra Skov og Fjeld, page 125:
        budeien sad … ifærd med at melke. Jeg maatte … vente med at staa op, indtil den akt var forbi
        budeien sat … in the process of milking. I had to … wait to get up until that task was over
    2. (chiefly in compound nouns) more or less an instinctive act
      • 2001, Helene Uri, Dyp rød:
        han hadde en lei tendens til å rope ut obskøne ord og vendinger under akten
        he had a sad tendency to shout out obscene words and phrases during the act
      • 2014, Lotta Elstad, Et eget rom, page 71:
        hun hadde en elsker som alltid måtte ut av senga straks etter akten for å spille piano
        she had a lover who always had to get out of bed immediately after the act to play the piano
  2. (drama, theater) an act (a division of a theatrical performance)
    • 1896, Henrik Ibsen, John Gabriel Borkman, page 93:
      så tænkte jeg, det kanske kunde adsprede dig at høre en akt eller to
      then I thought it might distract you to hear an act or two
    • 1874, Henrik Ibsen, Peer Gynt, page 209:
      man dør ej midt i femte akt
      one does not die in the middle of the fifth act
    • 1951, Agnar Mykle, Morgen i appelsingult, page 5:
      hvis dette stykke hadde vært skrevet for den profesjonelle scene, ville det kanskje ha fremstått som en enhet i tid og sted, uten oppdeling i akter
      if this piece had been written for the professional stage, it might have appeared as a unit in time and place, without division into acts
    • 2010 March 16, Sarpsborg Arbeiderblad[sa.no]:
      veilys på riks- og fylkesveier i Sarpsborg har vært gjennom en særdeles omstendelig politisk behandling i mange akter
      road lights on national and county roads in Sarpsborg have been through a very elaborate political treatment in many acts
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From German Akt (act, nude; artwork of a naked person), from Latin āctus (act, action; performance), perfect passive participle of agō (I make, do), from Proto-Italic *agō (drive, push; do, act), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éǵeti (to be driving), from *h₂eǵ- (to drive).

Noun[edit]

akt f or m (definite singular akta or akten, indefinite plural akter, definite plural aktene)

  1. a nude model (a model posing nude or naked, with the intent of being painted by an artist)
    • 1944, Christian Skredsvig, Romaner og fortællinger I, page 69:
      hun kunde vælge stilling selv, en, som var let, da det var første gang, hun stod akt
      she could choose position herself, one that was easy when it was the first time she stood naked for a painting
    • 2004 November 24, Ranablad[ranablad.no]:
      Rana kunstforening har ingen lokale modeller som vil sitte akt for dem
      Rana Art Association has no local models who will appear naked for them
    • 2014 January 18, Trønder-Avisa, page 21:
      å tegne og male akt er noe av det viktigste i kunstundervisningen
      drawing and painting nude models is one of the most important things in art education
    kvinnelig aktpainting depicting a naked woman
    male aktto paint a nude
Derived terms[edit]
  • aktmaleri (a nude; a painting of a naked model)

Etymology 3[edit]

From Latin ācta (acts, transactions; proceedings), from the verb agō (I make, do), from Proto-Italic *agō (drive, push; do, act), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂éǵeti (to be driving), from *h₂eǵ- (to drive).

Noun[edit]

akt m (definite singular akten, indefinite plural akter, definite plural aktene)

  1. (chiefly in the plural) an act (a printing of court proceedings, in the form of a document or writing)
    • 1920, Jonas Lie, Samlede Digterverker VI, page 26:
      skrive akter
      write legal documents
    • 2011 April 18, Dagbladet[dagbladet.no]:
      via hjelpere i politiet … begynner han å undersøke alle sakens akter om igjen og finner spor ingen har tenkt på før
      via helpers in the police… he begins to examine all the files in the case again and finds clues no one has thought of before
    Coordinate term: ad acta
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From Middle Low German ācht, āchte (lawlessness), from Old Saxon *āhta, ōht, from Proto-West Germanic *ą̄htu (persecution), from Proto-Germanic *anhtō (persecution), from Proto-Indo-European *h₂enḱ- (fate, destiny), *h₂enk- (curve, bend), perhaps related to *h₂eng- (curve, bend), *h₂enǵʰ- (to constrict) or *h₂eḱ- (sharp).

Noun[edit]

akt m (definite singular akten, indefinite plural akter, definite plural aktene)

  1. (chiefly concerning older Germany) lawlessness (a lack of law and order)
    • 1921, Jonas Lie, Samlede Digterverker IX, page 92:
      jeg er kommet i rigets akt her i staden
      I have come in the lawlessness of the kingdom here in the city
    Synonym: fredløshet

Etymology 5[edit]

From Middle Low German acht, from Proto-West Germanic *ahtu (consideration, attention), possibly from Proto-Germanic *ahjaną (to think), possibly from Proto-Indo-European *h₃ekʷ- (to see; eye).

Noun[edit]

akt m (definite singular akten, indefinite plural akter, definite plural aktene)

  1. (obsolete) attention (something expressing concern for or interest; a state of alertness in the standing position)
    • 1907, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnsons fortællinger, page 360:
      noget usynligt, der gav agt på hendes adfærd
      something invisible that paid attention to her behavior
    • 1873, Henrik Ibsen, Kejser og Galilæer, page 453:
      giv nøje agt på denne fremmede
      pay close attention to this stranger
    • 1909, Sigrid Undset, Fortællingen om Viga-Ljot og Vigdis, page 5:
      den anden kvinde talte til Vigdis, men … Vigdis gav ikke agt derpaa
      the other woman spoke to Vigdis, but… Vigdis did not give it any thought thereafter
    • 1920, Sigrid Undset, Kransen, page 49:
      ingen gav akt paa Kristin
      no one paid attention to Kristin
    • 2000, Kari Bøge, For alt jeg vet:
      jeg må behandle alt som blir sagt varsomt, jeg må gi akt på hvert ord som faller
      I must treat everything that is said carefully, I must pay attention to every word that falls
    • 1907, Johan Sebastian Welhaven, Samlede Digterverker II, page 104:
      forsamling givagt, jeg vil tale om Polen!
      assembly at attention, I want to talk about Poland!
    • 1920, Jonas Lie, Digterverker V, page 131:
      med et rettede hun sig op som en militær ved en appel og gav agt
      at once she straightened up like a military man on appeal and was at attention
    • 1873, Henrik Ibsen, Kejser og Galilæer, page 416:
      det er dette, som du ikke har taget i act
      it is this that you have not taken at attention
    • 2005 December 15, Tidsskrift for Den norske lægeforening, page 125:
      [i] beskrivelsen av Becks kognitive terapi [har ikke] forfatteren … tatt i akt Wittgensteins poeng om at ords mening er deres bruk i språket
      [i] the description of Beck's cognitive therapy, the author [has not] … taken into account Wittgenstein's point that the meaning of words is their use in language
    • 1920, Sigrid Undset, Kransen, page 125:
      en skal ta tiden vel iagt, for her har hver time sit bruk og sin sysselsættelse
      one must take time carefully, because here every hour has its use and its use
    • 1907, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnsons fortællinger, page 326:
      jeg vil ha det vist, så ingen tør undskylde sig, men ta sig i agt for mig
      I want to show it, so no one dares to apologize, but take care of me
    • 1909, Henrik Ibsen, Efterladte Skrifter I, page 249:
      nei det er nok bedst at tage sig iagt; forsigtighed er en stor dyd
      no it is probably best to take care; caution is a great virtue
    • 2010, Lars Saabye Christensen, Bernhard Hvals forsnakkelser:
      hvis de ikke tok seg i akt ville Franck i Bogstadveien miste en villig kunde og arbeidsplasser
      if they were not careful, Franck in Bogstadveien would lose a willing customer and jobs
    gi akt (på)pay attention to
    giv / gi aktlisten!; at attention
    ta i aktconsider, take into account; utilize
    ta seg i aktbe careful; watch out
  2. (obsolete) perception, opinion; reputation
    • 1874, Henrik Ibsen, Peer Gynt, page 184:
      af byrd er jeg Apis i landet, men Fellah i andres agt
      of burden I am Apis in the land, but Fellah in the perception of others
    1. (obsolete) reputation (what somebody is known for)
      • 1874, Henrik Ibsen, Peer Gynt, page 162:
        på samme sted bør man ikke for længere tid slå sig ned; man mister i agt, hvad man vinder i kendskab
        in the same place one should not settle down for a long time; one loses in reputation what one gains in knowledge
      • 1870, Peter Christen Asbjørnsen, Norske Huldre-Eventyr og Folkesagn, page 113:
        det var en gaardmandskone [som hodeskallen hadde sittet på], og hun bar baade i agt og ære
        it was a farmer's wife [on whom the skull had sat], and she wore both in honor and glory
      • 1907, Johan Sebastian Welhaven, Samlede Digterverker IV, page 161:
        [han] stod i agt og berømmelse hos alle
        [he] had a good reputation and fame of all
      • 1883, Henrik Ibsen, Gildet på Solhaug, page 35:
        du, som nylig stod højt i agt
        you who recently stood high in honour
      • 1992, Odd Selmer, Og verden var som ny:
        fordi han kjente bordets historie, men også fordi han hadde sans for godt håndverk, holdt August Arntzen bordet høyt i akt og ære
        because he knew the history of the table, but also because he had a sense of good craftsmanship, August Arntzen kept the table highly respected
      • 2003 February 25, Stavanger Aftenblad, page 22:
        i dag er samvittighetens stemme satt i skammekroken, også hos oss, et folk som i generasjoner har holdt den i akt og ære
        today the voice of conscience is put to shame, even with us, a people who for generations have kept it in honor and glory
      være i akt og ærebe highly regarded
      stå (høyt) i akthave a good reputation
      holde i akt (og ære)appreciate
    2. reverence; respect (the state of being revered; respectful)
      • 1917, Knut Hamsun, Markens Grøde II, page 9:
        du vil vise mig den agt og ære at du vil møte paa auktionen min?
        you want to show me the respect and honor that you will show up at my auction?
      • 1907, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnson, Bjørnstjerne Bjørnsons fortællinger, page 101:
        [de] viste … hende endnu større agt
        [they] showed… her even greater reverence
      • 1873, Henrik Ibsen, Kærlighedens komedie, page 142:
        agt for bud og pligt
        respect for commandment and duty
      Synonyms: aktelse, ærbødighet
  3. (obsolete or archaic) a purpose or meaning; intent or intention (something that is intended)
    • 1874, Henrik Ibsen, Fru Inger til Østråt, page 38:
      det er visselig ikke min agt at tvinge dig
      it is certainly not my intention to force you
    • 1874, Henrik Ibsen, Peer Gynt, page 150:
      det var såmen ikke min agt at bedrage
      it was not my intention to deceive
    • 1884, Alexander Kielland, Fortuna, page 50:
      det var hans agt at gifte sig strax
      it was his intention to marry immediately
    • 1903, Otto Sverdrup, Nyt Land II, page 427:
      det var vor agt at nedlægge et lidet depot
      it was our intention to close down a small depot
    • 1909, Sigrid Undset, Fortællingen om Viga-Ljot og Vigdis, page 14:
      far til dine frænder … som din agt var
      father to your kinsmen… as was your purpose
    • 1920, Sigrid Undset, Kransen, page 115:
      det er nu ikke min agt at vi skal sætte os ned på Formo straks
      it is now not my intention that we should sit down at Formo immediately

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Verb[edit]

akt

  1. past participle of ake
  2. neuter singular of the past participle of ake

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin actus, acta.

Noun[edit]

akt f (definite singular akta, indefinite plural akter, definite plural aktene)

  1. an act, ceremony
  2. an act (in a play)
  3. (art, drawing or painting of) a nude model
  4. a document (e.g. in a legal case)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Low German acht.

Noun[edit]

akt f (definite singular akta, indefinite plural akter, definite plural aktene)

  1. attention
  2. respect
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl
akt (sense 5)

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Learned borrowing from Latin āctus.[1][2] Sense 5 is a semantic loan from German Akt.[3] [First attested in 1529.][4]

Noun[edit]

akt m inan (diminutive akcik)

  1. (literary) act (action) [from 16th c.][4]
  2. (literary) act (official celebration emphasizing the significance of something) [from 16th c.][4]
  3. (law) act, bill, decree (legislative document) [from 16th c.][4]
  4. (theater) act (part of a play) [from 16th c.][4]
  5. (art) nude (painting or other artwork of an unclothed person) [from 20th c.][5]
  6. (religion) prayer [from 17th c.][6]
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
adjective
nouns
Related terms[edit]
verb
Collocations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

  1. genitive plural of akta

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mirosław Bańko; Lidia Wiśniakowska (2021) Wielki słownik wyrazów obcych, →ISBN
  2. ^ Witold Doroszewski, editor (1958–1969), “akt”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), Warszawa: PWN
  3. ^ Andrzej Bańkowski (2000) Etymologiczny słownik języka polskiego[1] (in Polish)
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 akt”, in Słownik Polszczyzny XVI Wieku [A Dictionary of 16th Century Polish], 2010-2022
  5. ^ J. Karłowicz, A. Kryński, W. Niedźwiedzki, editors (1900), “akt”, in Słownik języka polskiego (in Polish), volume 1, Warsaw, page 19
  6. ^ Teresa Sokołowska (30.08.2016), “AKT”, in Elektroniczny Słownik Języka Polskiego XVII i XVIII Wieku [Electronic Dictionary of the Polish Language of the XVII and XVIII Century]
  • Pęzik, Piotr; Przepiórkowski, A.; Bańko, M.; Górski, R.; Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk, B (2012) Wyszukiwarka PELCRA dla danych NKJP. Narodowy Korpus Języka Polskiego [National Polish Language Corpus, PELCRA search engine]‎[2], Wydawnictwo PWN

Further reading[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ȁkt m (Cyrillic spelling а̏кт)

  1. act
  2. painting of a naked person

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • akt” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

akt c

  1. act; a division of a theatrical performance
  2. act, ceremony
  3. document

Declension[edit]

Declension of akt 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative akt akten akter akterna
Genitive akts aktens akters akternas

Anagrams[edit]