-acht

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See also: acht, Acht, ächt, and åcht

Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish -acht (compare Scottish Gaelic -achd).

Suffix[edit]

-acht f

  1. Nominal suffix, used to form abstract ideas or nouns roughly corresponding to English -ness, -hood, -ity, or -ure.

Usage notes[edit]

  • This affix forms feminine nouns of the third declension. Abstract nouns do not have plural forms; however, concepts that refer to concrete items do have plurals in -aí.
Declension[edit]

Abstract nouns:

Concrete nouns:

Derived terms[edit]



Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Suffix[edit]

-acht f

  1. -ness, -hood; forms abstract nouns.

Usage notes[edit]

After a palatalised consonant, the suffix becomes -echt.

Inflection[edit]

Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative -achtL -achtL -achta
Vocative -achtL -achtL -achta
Accusative -achtN -achtL -achta
Genitive -achtae -achtL -achtN
Dative -achtL -achtaib -achtaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms[edit]


Descendants[edit]