dos

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: DOS, DoS, Dos, dós, dōs, do's, -dos, d'os, and d'ô

English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dos

  1. plural of do
    • 1916, Eleanor H. Porter, chapter VIII, in Just David[1]:
      With the coming of Monday arrived a new life for David—a curious life full of "don'ts" and "dos." David wondered sometimes why all the pleasant things were "don'ts" and all the unpleasant ones "dos."

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dos

  1. (music) plural of do
    • 2020, Jennifer Snodgrass, Teaching Music Theory, Oxford University Press, →ISBN, page 212:
      In functional harmonic progression, three “Dos” in a row within the Do-Ti test indicate chord changes that can only be this descending third pattern.

Anagrams[edit]


Aragonese[edit]

Aragonese cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : dos

Etymology[edit]

From Latin duos, accusative of duo.

Numeral[edit]

dos

  1. two

Asturian[edit]

Asturian cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : dos
    Ordinal : segundu

Etymology[edit]

From Latin duōs, accusative form of duo.

Numeral[edit]

dos (indeclinable)

  1. two

Catalan[edit]

Catalan numbers (edit)
20
 ←  1 2 3  → 
    Cardinal: dos
    Ordinal: segon
    Ordinal abbreviation: 2n
    Multiplier: doble
    Fractional: mig
Catalan Wikipedia article on 2

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin duōs, accusative form of duo (two), from Proto-Italic *duō, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁. Compare Occitan dos, French deux, Spanish dos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

dos m (feminine dues)

  1. (cardinal number) two
Usage notes[edit]
  • Catalan cardinal numbers may be used as masculine or feminine adjectives, except un/una (1), dos/dues (2), cents/centes (100s) and its compounds. When used as nouns, Catalan cardinal numbers are treated as masculine singular nouns in most contexts, but in expressions involving time such as la una i trenta (1:30) or les dues (two o'clock), they are feminine because the feminine noun hora has been elided.
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

dos m (plural dosos)

  1. two
  2. (castells) torre
  3. (castells) One of a pair of castellers in the pom de dalt, who form the third-highest level of the castell

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dos

  1. plural of do

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Catalan dos, from Vulgar Latin dossum, from Latin dorsum (back). Compare dors, a borrowed doublet.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dos m (plural dossos)

  1. Archaic form of dors.
Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Middle French dos (back).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /dɔs/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: dos
  • Rhymes: -ɔs

Noun[edit]

dos m (plural dossen, diminutive dosje n)

  1. garb, clothing, especially extravagant or unusual clothes
  2. pelt, fur
  3. patch of hair, especially one's headhair

Derived terms[edit]


Extremaduran[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Akin to Spanish, from Latin duo.

Numeral[edit]

dos

  1. two

Fala[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese dos, from de + os.

Preposition[edit]

dos m pl (singular dos, feminine da, feminine plural das)

  1. contraction of de (of) + os (the)
    • 2000, Domingo Frades Gaspar, Vamus a falal: Notas pâ coñocel y platical en nosa fala, Editora regional da Extremadura, Theme I, Chapter 1: Lengua Española:
      Esti términu Mañegu, o mais pequenu dos tres, formaba parti, con términus de Vilamel i Trevellu, da pruvincia de Salamanca hasta o anu 1833 []
      This San Martinese locality, the smallest of the three, formed, along with the Vilamen and Trevejo localities, the Salamanca province until the year 1833 []

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French dos, from Latin dorsum (through Vulgar Latin dossum). Compare Romansch dies, Catalan dors, Italian dosso, and Romanian dos.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dos m (plural dos)

  1. (anatomy) back (of a person)
  2. (in the plural) backs (of persons)
  3. (swimming) backstroke
  4. (book) spine

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From contraction of preposition de (of, from) + masculine plural definite article os (the). Akin to Portuguese dos (de + os).

Pronunciation[edit]

Contraction[edit]

dos m pl (masculine do, feminine da, feminine plural das)

  1. of the; from the

Further reading[edit]


Ilocano[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish dos

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Hyphenation: dos
  • IPA(key): /ˈdos/, [ˈdos]

Numeral[edit]

dos

  1. two
    Synonym: dua

Indonesian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈd̪ɔs]
  • Hyphenation: dos

Noun[edit]

dos (first-person possessive dosku, second-person possessive dosmu, third-person possessive dosnya)

  1. nonstandard form of dus.

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish doss (bush, thicket, tree).

Noun[edit]

dos m (genitive singular dois, nominative plural dosanna)

  1. tuft
Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

dos m (genitive singular dosa)

  1. Alternative form of gus (force, vigor)
Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
dos dhos ndos
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Kabuverdianu[edit]

Kabuverdianu cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : dos

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese dois.

Numeral[edit]

dos

  1. two (2)

Kristang[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese dois, from Latin duo.

Numeral[edit]

dos

  1. two

Ladino[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin duōs, accusative of duo.

Numeral[edit]

dos (Latin spelling, Hebrew spelling דוס‎)

  1. two

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *dōtis, from Proto-Indo-European *déh₃tis, from *deh₃- (give). Doublet of dosis. Cognate with Ancient Greek δόσις (dósis), Sanskrit दिति (díti).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dōs f (genitive dōtis); third declension

  1. dowry
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 5.319-320:
      ‘saepe mihi Zephyrus ‘dōtēs corrumpere nōlī
      ipsa tuās’ dīxit: dōs mihi vīlis erat.’
      “Often Zephyrus said to me, ‘Don’t destroy your own dowry.’ My dowry was of no value to me.”
      (Flora (mythology) stopped caring for flowers when the early Romans neglected to worship her deity; Zephyrus, the west wind of spring, was her consort.)
  2. gift, endowment, talent

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative dōs dōtēs
Genitive dōtis dōtum
dōtium
Dative dōtī dōtibus
Accusative dōtem dōtēs
Ablative dōte dōtibus
Vocative dōs dōtēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: dot
  • Dalmatian: duauta
  • French: dot
  • Galician: dote
  • Italian: dota, dote
  • Portuguese: dote
  • Spanish: dote

References[edit]

  • dos”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • dos”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • dos in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • dos in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to give a dowry to one's daughter: dotem filiae dare
  • dos”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • dos”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Latvian[edit]

Verb[edit]

dos

  1. 3rd person singular future indicative form of dot
  2. 3rd person plural future indicative form of dot

Malay[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From English dose.

Noun[edit]

dos (Jawi spelling دوس‎, plural dos-dos, informal 1st possessive dosku, 2nd possessive dosmu, 3rd possessive dosnya)

  1. dose
Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Dutch doos, from Middle Dutch dose (since 1361), probably from Latin dosis (the small box in which a dose of medication was given).

Noun[edit]

dos (plural dos-dos, informal 1st possessive dosku, 2nd possessive dosmu, 3rd possessive dosnya)

  1. (Indonesia) carton, cardboard box
Alternative forms[edit]
  • dus (Indonesia)

Further reading[edit]


Middle Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dos

  1. second-person singular imperative of mynet

Mutation[edit]

Middle Welsh mutation
Radical Soft Nasal Aspirate
dos ðos nos unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French dos, from Vulgar Latin *dossum, from Latin dorsum.

Noun[edit]

dos m (plural dos)

  1. (Jersey, anatomy) back (of a person)

Northern Sami[edit]

Determiner[edit]

dōs

  1. locative singular of dōt

Occitan[edit]

Occitan cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : dos
    Ordinal : dosen

Etymology[edit]

From Latin duōs, accusative form of duo.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈdus/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: dos

Numeral[edit]

dos m (feminine doas)

  1. two

Further reading[edit]

  • Joan de Cantalausa (2006) Diccionari general occitan a partir dels parlars lengadocians, 2 edition, →ISBN, page 360.

Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin *dossum, from Latin dorsum.

Noun[edit]

dos m (oblique plural dos, nominative singular dos, nominative plural dos)

  1. (anatomy) back

Descendants[edit]

  • French: dos
  • Norman: dos (Jersey)
  • Walloon: dos

Old Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin duos, accusative of duo.

Numeral[edit]

dos

  1. two (2)

Descendants[edit]


Papiamentu[edit]

Papiamentu cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : dos

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese dois and Spanish dos and Kabuverdianu dos.

Numeral[edit]

dos

  1. two (2)

Portuguese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Contraction[edit]

dos

  1. Contraction of de os (pertaining or relating to the).; of the; from the (masculine plural)
    dos Santos
    of the Saints

Quotations[edit]

For quotations using this term, see Citations:do.

See also[edit]

  • do (singular form)
  • das (feminine form)
  • da (singular feminine form)

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Vulgar Latin dossum, from Latin dorsum. Compare French dos and Romansch dies.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dos n (plural dosuri)

  1. back
    Synonym: spate
  2. bottom, behind, buttocks
    Synonym: fund
  3. reverse
  4. backside, rear
  5. tails (on a coin)

Declension[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Spanish numbers (edit)
20
 ←  1 2 3  → 
    Cardinal: dos
    Ordinal: segundo
    Ordinal abbreviation: 2.º
    Multiplier: doble
    Fractional: medio, mitad
Spanish Wikipedia article on 2

Etymology[edit]

From Latin duōs, accusative of duo, from Proto-Italic *duō, from Proto-Indo-European *dwóh₁. Cognates include Ancient Greek δύο (dúo), Old English twa (English two), Persian دو‎.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈdos/, [ˈd̪os]
  • Hyphenation: dos
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

dos m pl

  1. plural of do

Numeral[edit]

dos

  1. two

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Playing cards in Spanish · cartas (layout · text)
Ace of spades.svg 2 of spades.svg 3 of spades.svg 4 of spades.svg 5 of spades.svg 6 of spades.svg 7 of spades.svg
as dos tres cuatro cinco seis siete
8 of spades.svg 9 of spades.svg 10 of spades.svg Jack of spades2.svg Queen of spades2.svg King of spades2.svg Joker black 02.svg
ocho nueve diez sota reina rey comodín

Further reading[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dos c

  1. dose (of medication)

Declension[edit]

Declension of dos 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative dos dosen doser doserna
Genitive dos dosens dosers dosernas

Further reading[edit]


Tagalog[edit]

Tagalog cardinal numbers
 <  1 2 3  > 
    Cardinal : dos
    Ordinal : ikados

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish dos (two).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

dos (Baybayin spelling ᜇᜓᜐ᜔)

  1. two
    Synonym: dalawa
    • 2017, Curtis McFarland; Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino, Diksyunaryong Monolingwal sa Filipino: (Monolingual Dictionary in Filipino)[3]:
      Ang dos na bilang ay suwerte para sa kanya.
      The number two is lucky for him.

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

dos

  1. (card games) two (card)

Walloon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French dos, from Vulgar Latin *dossum, from Latin dorsum.

Noun[edit]

dos m

  1. (anatomy) back

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

dos

  1. (North Wales) second-person singular imperative of mynd

Synonyms[edit]

  • cer (South Wales)

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
dos ddos nos unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.