medio

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: medio-, médio, medió, and mediò

Esperanto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • IPA(key): /meˈdio/
  • Hyphenation: me‧di‧o
  • Rhymes: -io

Noun[edit]

medio (accusative singular medion, plural medioj, accusative plural mediojn)

  1. environment

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

13th century. From Old Galician medio, medeo, a learned borrowing from Latin medius.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmeðjo̝/, /ˈmeðio̝/

Adjective[edit]

medio m (feminine singular media, masculine plural medios, feminine plural medias)

  1. half
  2. average, typical
  3. (figurative) the greater part
  4. central, at the midpoint

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Adverb[edit]

medio

  1. partly, somewhat, not completely
    É medio parvo. — "He is somewhat stupid."

References[edit]

  • medio” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • medea” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • medio” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • medio” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Interlingua[edit]

Noun[edit]

medio (plural medios)

  1. means
  2. medium (material in/through which certain wave phenomena operate)

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

medio m (plural medi)

  1. (anatomy) middle finger, tall man
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Latin medius, whence also Italian mezzo (an inherited doublet).

Adjective[edit]

medio (feminine singular media, masculine plural medi, feminine plural medie)

  1. mean, average
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

medio

  1. first-person singular present of mediare

Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Found in Late and Vulgar Latin. From medius.

Verb[edit]

mediō (present infinitive mediāre, perfect active mediāvī, supine mediātum); first conjugation

  1. I halve, divide in the middle.
  2. I am in the middle.
Conjugation[edit]
   Conjugation of mediō (first conjugation)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mediō mediās mediat mediāmus mediātis mediant
imperfect mediābam mediābās mediābat mediābāmus mediābātis mediābant
future mediābō mediābis mediābit mediābimus mediābitis mediābunt
perfect mediāvī mediāvistī mediāvit mediāvimus mediāvistis mediāvērunt, mediāvēre
pluperfect mediāveram mediāverās mediāverat mediāverāmus mediāverātis mediāverant
future perfect mediāverō mediāveris mediāverit mediāverimus mediāveritis mediāverint
passive present medior mediāris, mediāre mediātur mediāmur mediāminī mediantur
imperfect mediābar mediābāris, mediābāre mediābātur mediābāmur mediābāminī mediābantur
future mediābor mediāberis, mediābere mediābitur mediābimur mediābiminī mediābuntur
perfect mediātus + present active indicative of sum
pluperfect mediātus + imperfect active indicative of sum
future perfect mediātus + future active indicative of sum
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mediem mediēs mediet mediēmus mediētis medient
imperfect mediārem mediārēs mediāret mediārēmus mediārētis mediārent
perfect mediāverim mediāverīs mediāverit mediāverīmus mediāverītis mediāverint
pluperfect mediāvissem mediāvissēs mediāvisset mediāvissēmus mediāvissētis mediāvissent
passive present medier mediēris, mediēre mediētur mediēmur mediēminī medientur
imperfect mediārer mediārēris, mediārēre mediārētur mediārēmur mediārēminī mediārentur
perfect mediātus + present active subjunctive of sum
pluperfect mediātus + imperfect active subjunctive of sum
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present mediā mediāte
future mediātō mediātō mediātōte mediantō
passive present mediāre mediāminī
future mediātor mediātor mediantor
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives mediāre mediāvisse mediātūrum esse mediārī mediātum esse mediātum īrī
participles mediāns mediātūrus mediātus mediandus
verbal nouns gerund supine
genitive dative accusative ablative accusative ablative
mediandī mediandō mediandum mediandō mediātum mediātū
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • French: moyer; médier
  • Galician: meada
  • Italian: mediare
  • Portuguese: mear, meado; mediar
  • Romanian: media
  • Spanish: mediar
  • English: mediate

Etymology 2[edit]

Adjective[edit]

mediō

  1. dative masculine/neuter singular of medius
  2. ablative masculine/neuter singular of medius

References[edit]

  • medio in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • medio in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • medio in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to remove a person: e or de medio tollere
    • (ambiguous) to leave a thing undecided: aliquid in medio, in dubio relinquere (Cael. 20. 48)
    • (ambiguous) to publish, make public: in medio ponere (proponere)
    • (ambiguous) let us leave that undecided: hoc in medio relinquamus

Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈmedjo/, [ˈmeðjo]
  • Hyphenation: me‧dio

Etymology 1[edit]

Probably partly borrowed from Latin medius as a semi-learned form or modified from an existing inherited early Old Spanish equivalent, presumably *meo or *meyo, to be closer to the Latin origin (possibly in order to avoid a phonetic similarity with the vulgar verb mear (to piss)).[1][2] Compare Portuguese meio, which retained its original inherited form. The sense of "medium" is taken from Latin medium. Cognate with English medium.

Adjective[edit]

medio (feminine singular media, masculine plural medios, feminine plural medias)

  1. half, half a/an
    media horahalf an hour
    media manzanahalf an apple
  2. middle, mid
    clase mediamiddle class
  3. mid, in the middle of
  4. mean, average
    velocidad mediaaverage speed
  5. (Chile, intensifier, used before a noun) very big, very large
    ¡Media bolsa!Such a big bag!
  6. (Chile, intensifier, used before a noun) very good

Adverb[edit]

medio

  1. half, partly
    medio vestidohalf-dressed
  2. (colloquial) a bit of a, somewhat of a
    Synonym: un poco
    Es medio idiota.He’s a bit of an idiot.

Noun[edit]

medio m (plural medios)

  1. middle, center
    Alemania está en medio de Europa.Germany is in the middle of Europe.
    Se despertó en medio de la noche.She awoke in the middle of the night.
    en medio de la nadain the middle of nowhere
  2. half
    Synonym: mitad
  3. (spiritualism) medium
    Synonym: médium
  4. method, way
  5. (in the plural) means
    Se mejoraron los medios de transporte.Means of transport were improved.
    El fin justifica los medios.The end justifies the means.
  6. channel, vehicle, medium
    ¿Cuál es tu medio de pintura favorito?What's your favorite painting medium?
  7. (in the plural) media
    los medios de masasthe mass media
    Los medios exageraron todo el asunto.
    The media blew the whole thing out of proportion.
  8. (in the plural) resources, funds, means
    Synonym: recurso
    tener medios suficientesto have enough means
  9. environment, surroundings, medium, milieu
    Synonyms: ambiente, medio ambiente
  10. society
  11. habitat
  12. (soccer) halfback
  13. middle course
  14. (Mexico, historical, numatics) medio (an ancient coin)
  15. (Peru, Cuba) five cents
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

medio

  1. First-person singular (yo) present indicative form of mediar.

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]