fen

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See also: fēn, fén, fěn, and fèn

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Schematic illustration of a fen

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English fen, fenne, from Old English fenn (fen; marsh; mud; dirt), from Proto-Germanic *fanją (compare West Frisian fean, Dutch veen, German Fenn, Norwegian fen), from Proto-Indo-European *pen- (bog, mire). Compare Middle Irish en (water), enach (swamp), Old Prussian pannean (peat-bog), Sanskrit पङ्क (paṅka, marsh, mud, mire, slough).

Noun[edit]

fen (plural fens)

  1. A type of wetland fed by ground water and runoff, containing peat below the waterline, characteristically alkaline.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

fen (plural fens)

  1. A unit of currency in China, one-hundredth of a yuan.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From fan, by analogy with men as the plural of man.

Noun[edit]

fen pl (normally plural, singular fan)

  1. (dated, fandom slang) Fans; a plural form used by enthusiasts of science fiction, fantasy, and anime, partly from whimsy and partly to distinguish themselves from fans of sport, etc.
    • 1951 May 21, Sargeant, Winthrop, “Through the Interstellar Looking Glass”, in Life[1], volume 30, number 21, page 127:
      Sad to relate, some of the European delegates were probably insurgents rather than true fen. [] But the Europeans could be counted on to take the long view, and many of them would probably turn out to be real fen and fenne after all.
    • 2016 September 3, lurkertype, “Worldcon 75 Chair Responds”, in File 770[2], Comments:
      So I’m glad the attached hotel block is entirely reserved for disabled fen! Traveling on mass transit is tiring even when everything’s up to code.

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Compare fend.

Interjection[edit]

fen

  1. (obsolete) Used in children's games to prevent or forestall another player's action; a check or bar.

Etymology 5[edit]

From Middle English *vene, Kentish variant of *fine, from Old English fyne (moisture, mold, mildew), from Proto-Germanic *funiz, *fun- (moisture, mold); compare vinew.

Noun[edit]

fen (uncountable)

  1. (obsolete) A kind of mildew that grows on hops.
    • 1769, The Complete Farmer: Or, a General Dictionary of Husbandry[3], second edition, page 339:
      [] whereby the ſtagnating ſap corrupts, and breeds mouldy fen, which often ſpoils whole tracts of, till then, flouriſhing hop-grounds.
    • 1808, Thomas Potts, The British Farmer's Cyclopaedia or, Complete Agricultural Dictionary[4], Scatcherd and Letterman, page 96:
      Among these are reckoned the wire worm; the flea, and the fly; the fen or mould; the mildew ; and what are usually called fire blasts.
    • 1848, John Marius Wilson, editor, The Rural Cyclopedia[5], volume 2, A. Fullarton, page 698:
      The mould, the fen, or the mouldy-fen, prevails more on hop-grounds which are low, moist, and sheltered, than on such as are high, dry, and open []

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Verb[edit]

fen

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of fendre
  2. second-person singular imperative form of fendre

Chuukese[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fen

  1. holy

Synonyms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

fen

  1. past tense marker for verbs
  2. already

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

fen m

  1. fen (unit of currency in China, one-hundredth of a yuan).
    • 1962, Časopis Národního muzea, volume 131, page 165:
      Čínská poštovní správa v roce 1961 vydala ke Dni armády, tj. k 1. srpnu 1961 dvě známky, a to v hodnotách 8 fenů a 10 fenů []
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

fen

  1. genitive plural of fena

Further reading[edit]

  • fen in Kartotéka Novočeského lexikálního archivu

Dalmatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fīnitus. Compare Italian fino.

Adjective[edit]

fen (feminine faina)

  1. fine
  2. subtle
  3. pure

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse fen, from Proto-Germanic *fanją.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fen n (genitive singular fens, plural fen)

  1. bog, quagmire

Declension[edit]

Declension of fen
n3 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative fen fenið fen fenini
accusative fen fenið fen fenini
dative feni feninum fenum fenunum
genitive fens fensins fena fenanna

Derived terms[edit]


Friulian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin faenum, fēnum.

Noun[edit]

fen m (plural fens)

  1. hay

Related terms[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈfɛn]
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: fen
  • Rhymes: -ɛn

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Finno-Ugric *pänɜ (grindstone; grind).[1]

Verb[edit]

fen

  1. (transitive) to sharpen, to whet, to hone
    Synonyms: köszörül, élesít, élez
  2. (dialectal) to rub, to smear
    Synonyms: ken, dörgöl
Conjugation[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Compound words
Expressions

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

fen (plural fenek)

  1. fen (unit of currency in China, one-hundredth of a yuan)
Declension[edit]
Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative fen fenek
accusative fent feneket
dative fennek feneknek
instrumental fennel fenekkel
causal-final fenért fenekért
translative fenné fenekké
terminative fenig fenekig
essive-formal fenként fenekként
essive-modal
inessive fenben fenekben
superessive fenen feneken
adessive fennél feneknél
illative fenbe fenekbe
sublative fenre fenekre
allative fenhez fenekhez
elative fenből fenekből
delative fenről fenekről
ablative fentől fenektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
fené feneké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
fenéi fenekéi
Possessive forms of fen
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. fenem fenjeim
2nd person sing. fened fenjeid
3rd person sing. fenje fenjei
1st person plural fenünk fenjeink
2nd person plural fenetek fenjeitek
3rd person plural fenjük fenjeik

References[edit]

  1. ^ Entry #728 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungary. Internet Archive

Further reading[edit]

  • (to whet): fen in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh: A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (’The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962.

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse fen, from Proto-Germanic *fanją.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fen n (genitive singular fens, nominative plural fen)

  1. fen, marsh, morass

Declension[edit]


Istriot[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin faenum, fēnum.

Noun[edit]

fen

  1. hay

Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

fen

  1. Nonstandard spelling of fēn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of fén.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of fěn.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of fèn.

Usage notes[edit]

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Middle English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old English fenn; from Proto-Germanic *fanją. The "dung" sense is influenced by Old French fien.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fen (plural fennes)

  1. fen, bog, swamp
  2. dirt, muddiness
  3. dung, feces
  4. (rare) rubbish, refuse
  5. (rare) quagmire, lure

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: fen
  • Scots: fen

References[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *fanją.

Noun[edit]

fen n (genitive fens, plural fen)

  1. bog, quagmire
    mýrar ok fen
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • fen in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from German Föhn.

Noun[edit]

fȇn m (Cyrillic spelling фе̑н)

  1. hair dryer
  2. (meteorology) foehn

Declension[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

fen

  1. definite singular of fe

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic فَنّ(fann).

Noun[edit]

fen (definite accusative fenni, plural fenler)

  1. science

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative fen
Definite accusative fenni
Singular Plural
Nominative fen fenler
Definite accusative fenni fenleri
Dative fenne fenlere
Locative fende fenlerde
Ablative fenden fenlerden
Genitive fennin fenlerin

Synonyms[edit]