From the Middle English fenel, from the Old English finuᵹl, finule (weak feminine forms); fenol, finul (masculine forms), from Old French fenoil, from the Vulgar Latin fēnuclum, fēnoclum, fenuculum, from the Classical Latin faeniculum, a diminutive form of faenum (“hay”); compare the Italian finocchio, the Occitan fenolh, the French fenouil, and the Spanish hinojo.
- Rhymes: -ɛnəl
- A plant, Foeniculum vulgare, of the parsley family, which has a sweet, anise-like flavor.
- The bulb, leaves, or stalks of the plant, eaten as a vegetable.
- The seeds of the fennel plant used as a spice in cooking.
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