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The plant Foeniculum vulgare.
Fennel seed.


From the Middle English fenel, from the Old English finuᵹl, finule (weak feminine forms); fenol, finul (masculine forms), from Old French fenoil, from the Vulgar Latin fēnuclum, fēnoclum, fēnuculum, from the Classical Latin faeniculum, a diminutive form of faenum ‎(hay); compare the Italian finocchio, the Occitan fenolh, the French fenouil, and the Spanish hinojo.



fennel ‎(usually uncountable, plural fennels)

  1. A plant, Foeniculum vulgare, of the parsley family, which has a sweet, anise-like flavor.
  2. The bulb, leaves, or stalks of the plant, eaten as a vegetable.
  3. The seeds of the fennel plant used as a spice in cooking.

Derived terms[edit]


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