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See also: Fennel and fennél


The plant Foeniculum vulgare (1).
Fennel bulbs (2).
Fennel seed (3).


From the Middle English fenel, from the late Old English finuðl, finule (weak feminine forms); fenol, finul (masculine forms), from Proto-West Germanic *fenukl, from the Vulgar Latin *fēnuclum, fēnoclum, from Late Latin fēnuculum, from the Classical Latin faeniculum, a diminutive form of faenum (hay); compare the Italian finocchio, the Occitan fenolh, the French fenouil, and the Spanish hinojo. Doublet of finocchio.


  • IPA(key): /ˈfɛnəl/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɛnəl


fennel (usually uncountable, plural fennels)

  1. A plant, Foeniculum vulgare, of the parsley family, which has a sweet, anise-like flavor.
  2. (cooking) The bulb, leaves, or stalks of the plant, eaten as a vegetable.
  3. (cooking) The seeds of the fennel plant used as a spice in cooking.


Derived terms[edit]


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