enigma

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See also: Enigma and enigmă

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin aenigma (riddle), being derived itself from the Ancient Greek verbal noun αἴνιγμα (aínigma, dark saying, speaking in riddles).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɪˈnɪɡmə/, /əˈnɪɡmə/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

enigma (plural enigmas or enigmata)[1]

  1. Something or someone puzzling, mysterious or inexplicable.
  2. A riddle, or a difficult problem.
    • 1899 Feb, Joseph Conrad, “The Heart of Darkness”, in Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, page 202:
      Watching a coast as it slips by the ship is like thinking about an enigma.

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

References[edit]

  1. ^ enigma” listed by Dictionary.com Unabridged (v1·1)

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin aenigma (riddle), from Ancient Greek αἴνιγμα (aínigma, dark saying, riddle).

Noun[edit]

enigma m (plural enigmes)

  1. enigma

Related terms[edit]


Basque[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish enigma, from Latin aenigma (riddle), from Ancient Greek αἴνιγμα (aínigma, dark saying, riddle).

Noun[edit]

enigma inan

  1. enigma

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin aenigma (riddle), from Ancient Greek αἴνιγμα (aínigma, dark saying, riddle).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

enigma m (plural enigmes)

  1. enigma

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

enigmo +‎ -a

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

enigma (accusative singular enigman, plural enigmaj, accusative plural enigmajn)

  1. enigmatic

Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈeniɡmɑ/, [ˈe̞niɡmɑ]
  • Rhymes: -eniɡmɑ
  • Syllabification: e‧nig‧ma

Noun[edit]

enigma

  1. enigma

Declension[edit]

Inflection of enigma (Kotus type 9/kala, no gradation)
nominative enigma enigmat
genitive enigman enigmojen
partitive enigmaa enigmoja
illative enigmaan enigmoihin
singular plural
nominative enigma enigmat
accusative nom. enigma enigmat
gen. enigman
genitive enigman enigmojen
enigmainrare
partitive enigmaa enigmoja
inessive enigmassa enigmoissa
elative enigmasta enigmoista
illative enigmaan enigmoihin
adessive enigmalla enigmoilla
ablative enigmalta enigmoilta
allative enigmalle enigmoille
essive enigmana enigmoina
translative enigmaksi enigmoiksi
instructive enigmoin
abessive enigmatta enigmoitta
comitative enigmoineen
Possessive forms of enigma (type kala)
possessor singular plural
1st person enigmani enigmamme
2nd person enigmasi enigmanne
3rd person enigmansa

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin aenigma (riddle), from Ancient Greek αἴνιγμα (aínigma, dark saying, riddle).

Noun[edit]

enigma m (plural enigmas)

  1. enigma

Related terms[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ænigma, from Ancient Greek αἴνιγμα (aínigma).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /eˈniɡ.ma/
  • Rhymes: -iɡma
  • Hyphenation: e‧nìg‧ma

Noun[edit]

enigma m (plural enigmi)

  1. enigma, riddle, conundrum
    Synonyms: giallo, mistero

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pianigiani, Ottorino (1907), “enigma”, in Vocabolario etimologico della lingua italiana (in Italian), Rome: Albrighi & Segati

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ēnigma n (genitive ēnigmatis); third declension

  1. Alternative form of aenigma

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (neuter, imparisyllabic non-i-stem).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative ēnigma ēnigmata
Genitive ēnigmatis ēnigmatum
Dative ēnigmatī ēnigmatibus
Accusative ēnigma ēnigmata
Ablative ēnigmate ēnigmatibus
Vocative ēnigma ēnigmata

Polish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French énigme, from Latin aenigma, from Ancient Greek αἴνιγμα (aínigma).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

enigma f

  1. (literary) enigma (something puzzling, mysterious or inexplicable)
    Synonyms: tajemnica, zagadka

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • enigma in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN
  • enigma in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin aenigma (riddle), from Ancient Greek αἴνιγμα (aínigma, dark saying, riddle).

Noun[edit]

enigma m (plural enigmas)

  1. enigma

Related terms[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

enigma f

  1. definite nominative/accusative singular of enigmă

Spanish[edit]

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia es

Etymology[edit]

From Latin aenigma (riddle), from Ancient Greek αἴνιγμα (aínigma, dark saying, riddle).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /eˈniɡma/, [eˈniɣ̞.ma]

Noun[edit]

enigma m (plural enigmas)

  1. enigma, conundrum (something that is puzzling)
  2. riddle, conundrum

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Anagrams[edit]