geest

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English[edit]

Noun[edit]

geest (plural geests)

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  1. A type of slightly raised landscape, with sandy and gravelly soils, that occurs in the plains of Northern Germany, the Northern Netherlands and Denmark.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of R. Jameson to this entry?)

Dutch[edit]

Dutch Wikipedia has articles on:

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch gheest, geest, from Old Dutch gēst, geist, from Proto-Germanic *gaistaz, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeysd-, *ǵʰisd- (anger, agitation). Compare German Geist, West Frisian geast, English ghost, Swedish gast.

Noun[edit]

geest m (plural geesten, diminutive geestje n)

  1. ghost, spirit
Idioms and expressions
De armen der geest.
Simpletons.
De geest is uit de fles.
The situation has become uncontrollable.
Helder voor de geest staan.
Having a clear recall of something.
  1. mind, mental conscience
  2. life force, vital energy
  3. (alchemy) spirit, gas, distillate, essence
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch gheest, from Old Dutch *gēst, a nominalisation of an adjective that meant "dry, infertile", a derivation of Proto-Germanic *gais- (infertile). Cognate to West Frisian gaast, geast (as in the Dutch/Frisian place name Gaasterland) and German Geest (which is borrowed from Low German). Other derivations of *gais- are: Old English gæsne (infertility, poverty) and Icelandic gisinn (dry).[1][2]

Noun[edit]

geest m (plural geesten, diminutive geestje n)

  1. heath, heathland
Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “Geest” in: Friedrich Kluge, “Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache” , 22. Auflage, 1989, bearbeitet von Elmar Seebold, ISBN 3-11-006800-1
  2. ^ J. de Vries & F. de Tollenaere, "Etymologisch Woordenboek", Uitgeverij Het Spectrum, Utrecht, 1986 (14de druk)