gast

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See also: Gast and gäst

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English gasten, from Old English gǣstan, from Proto-Germanic *gaistijaną. Also spelled ghast due to association with ghost.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

gast (third-person singular simple present gasts, present participle gasting, simple past and past participle gasted)

  1. (obsolete) To frighten.
    • Geoffrey Chaucer, The House of Fame
      And be not so a-gast, for shame!
    • William Shakespeare, King Lear
      Or whether gasted by the noise I made, full suddenly he fled.

Anagrams[edit]


Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Noun[edit]

gast f (plural gasted)

  1. (vulgar, derogatory) whore, bitch

Inflection[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Dutch *gast, from Proto-Germanic *gastiz.

Noun[edit]

gast m (plural gasten, diminutive gastje n)

  1. guest
  2. (chiefly in combinations) knave, worker, apprentice, delivery boy
  3. (colloquial) dude, chap
Synonyms[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

gast

  1. second- and third-person singular present indicative of gassen
  2. (archaic) plural imperative of gassen

Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

gast

  1. Romanization of 𐌲𐌰𐍃𐍄

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From West Germanic *gaist (“spirit”), from Proto-Germanic *gaistaz. Cognate with Old Frisian jēst (West Frisian geast), Old Saxon gēst (Low German Geest), Old Dutch geist (Dutch geest), Old High German geist (German Geist). Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰeysd-, *ǵʰisd- (anger, agitation).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɡɑːst/, [ɣɑːst] (early Old English)
  • IPA(key): /ɡɑːst/, [ɡɑːst] (late Old English)

Noun[edit]

gāst m

  1. spirit
    se Hālga Gāst
    the Holy Spirit
    Iċ bēo mid þē on gāste.
    I'll be with you in spirit.
    Ǣr hīe ān trēow forċeorfaþ, hīe biddaþ þæs trēowes gāst forġiefnesse.
    Before they cut down a tree, they ask the spirit of the tree for forgiveness.
  2. ghost
    Hwȳ habbaþ gāstas clāðas on? Iċ mǣne, hwȳ ne sind hīe ealle nacode?
    Why do ghosts have clothes on? I mean, why aren't they all naked?
  3. breath

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

gast m (oblique plural gaz or gatz, nominative singular gaz or gatz, nominative plural gast)

  1. destruction

Adjective[edit]

gast m (oblique and nominative feminine singular gaste)

  1. destroyed; ravaged; decimated

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Old High German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *gastiz (whence also Old Norse gestr), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰóstis; cognate with Latin hostis (enemy).

Noun[edit]

gast m (plural gesti)

  1. guest

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *gastiz, whence also Old English ġiest.

Noun[edit]

gast m

  1. guest

Declension[edit]


Descendants[edit]

  • Middle Low German: gast
    • Westphalian:
      Ravensbergisch-Lippisch: Gast
      Sauerländisch: Gast
      Westmünsterländisch: Gast
    • Plautdietsch: Gaust
    • West Frisian: gast

Swedish[edit]

Noun[edit]

gast c

  1. A crew member on a ship
  2. (dated or poetic, dialect) A ghost

Declension[edit]

Declension of gast 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative gast gasten gastar gastarna
Genitive gasts gastens gastars gastarnas

Welsh[edit]

Noun[edit]

gast f (plural geist)

  1. (vulgar, derogatory) bitch

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
gast ast ngast unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.